Chapter 6

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Josepbg
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77001
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Chapter 6
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2011-04-03 15:13:35
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Congress
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Part 4, Study Guide-Test 2
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  1. Under the concsience model of representation, legislators should
    follow the will of the people unless they believe that it is in the best interest of the country to do otherwise
  2. Under the delegate model of representation, legislators should
    Adhere to the will of their constituents
  3. Russ Feingold and Edward Kennedy were vocal opponents of the iraq war and voted vs the war in 2002, despite the widespread popular support for the authorization of the war vs iraq. their vote can be best understood through the
    trustee model
  4. During the trial of president clinton, representative henry hyde argued that "were not delegates who are sent here to weigh our mail every day and then top vote accordingly. We are elected to bring our judgement, our experience, and our conscienceness with us her" hyde's claim is an argument in favor of
    trustee model of representation
  5. representative sherwood bohlert's argument that legislators should use the "pillow test" - that the legislators should follow the will of the constituents until doing so keeps the legislator awake at night - is an argument in favor of the
    conscience model of representation
  6. senator j william fulbright's warning that "the average legislator discovers early in his career that there are certain interests or prejudices of his constituents which are dangerous to triffle with is an argument in favor of
    the politico model of representation
  7. The most important responsibility of a member of congress is to
    speak and act on behalf of the people
  8. when the legislature is described as "bicameral" it means that the legislature
    has two chambers
  9. The compromise that resulted in the creation of two chambers of congress, the house and the senate, reflected what important balance?
    balancing the sovereignity of the states and the sovereignty of the people
  10. members of the US house of rpresentatives serve a term of
    two years
  11. before adoption of the seventh amendment in 1913 US Senators were generally
    appointed by state legislators
  12. US senators have been directly elected by the people since the ratification of the
    seventeenth amendment
  13. Which of the following statements most accurately describes the selesction of senators?
    one third of the seats in the senate are elected every two years.
  14. Which of the following is not a power granted to congress by Article 1, Section 8 of the constitution?
    the right to interpret legislation passed by the Congress.
  15. The use of congressional power to charter a national bank is an example of congress' use of the
    necessary and proper clause
  16. Cracing reffers to the
    division of opposition voters into a wide number of electoral districts
  17. Packing reffers to
    consolidation of opposition voters into fewer electoral districts
  18. When faced with cases involving debates over redistricting the courts have generally
    refused to get involved arguing that the issue is a political question
  19. In the decision Baker v. Carr, the US Supreme court formally established the principle of
    one person , one vote
  20. the process of allocating the number of seats assigned to each state in the US House of Representatives beased on changes in the population of the states is known as
    reaportionment
  21. there are ___ members of the us house of representatives.
    435
  22. in the congress, joint committees are comprised of members of both house and state senate and are
    empowered to conduct oversight or issue research but lack the legislative power possessed by other committees
  23. the requirement that all bills be referred to committee before being considered by the body of the whle was established by
    1946 Legislative reorginization act
  24. committees which draws membership from both house and senate in order to perform specific investigation, reasearch, or oversight of agencies closely realted to congress are known as
    joint committees
  25. the process of reviewing and revising a proposed piece of legislation by a committee is generally refferred to as
    mark up
  26. the house committee responsible for establishing the terms and conditions of the debate on a bill is the
    rules committee
  27. the resposibility of the congress to review the federal bureaucracy's implementation of federal law is generally refferred to as
    oversight
  28. resposibility for refferreing bills to specific committees in the US House of Representatives generally falls to the
    speaker of the house
  29. most important congressional work gets done
    at the committee level
  30. The first female speaker of the house was
    nancy peloci
  31. the us senate president pro tempore
    is the most senior member of the majority party
  32. the vice president votes in the senate when
    there is a tie vote
  33. which of the following is not a power afforded to the speaker of the house
    vetoing legislation passed by congress
  34. a senator who wants to stop debate and vote on a bill can attempt to
    invoke cloture
  35. federal money and programs that largely or wholly benefit just one state or congressional district are often refferred to as
    earmarks
  36. in the context of the congressional legislative process, logrolling reffers to the
    reciprocal exchange of support for legislation
  37. bills may be introduced to congress by
    • the president
    • members of congress
    • lobbyist
    • the public
  38. the senate's equivilent to the house's rules committee is
    does no exist there is no equivilent
  39. the first African American elected to both the house of representatives and US Senate was elected in
    1870
  40. Barbara jordan was the first African American US House member from what state?
    Texas
  41. The concept of symbolic representation suggest that congress should roughly reflect the racial, ethnic, and gender diversity of the US.
    TRUE
  42. Should the President fail to act on a bill for 10 days
    (excluding sundays), the bill becomes law unless congress adjourns. during that period
    TRUE
  43. the committee appointment process is organized by political parties infoirmally rather than occuring through the formal channels of the legislature.
    TRUE
  44. of the more than 10,000 bills introduced into congress each year, only about 400 ever become law.
    TRUE
  45. Most analysts believe that Congress has been more transparent and less corrupt over the 3 past decades than at any point in our nation's history.
    TRUE

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