MA 202 Specimen Collection

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  1. Phlebotomist Primary Job
    Collect blood and deliver to lab
  2. Blood Cultures
    • Need iodine for cleaning
    • Sterile collection
    • Yellow Tube top
  3. Inpatient Collection
    • At bed side
    • Tray on solid surface
    • Not patient tray, bed or floor
  4. Tourniquet Characteristics
    • Help locate vein (selection)
    • Causes vein to fill with blood (swell, bulge)
    • No longer than 1 minute
  5. Antiseptic
    Clean living tissue
  6. Disinfectant
    Clean surfaces, not tissue
  7. Bacteriostatic
    • Inhibits growth / reproduction of bacteria
    • Allow to dry 30-60 seconds for full affect
  8. Stop Bleeding at Puncture Site
    • Use direct pressure
    • DO NOT BEND ELBOW
  9. Rubber Retracable Sheath (dual needle)
    Keeps blood from seeping out while in vein / changing tubes

  10. Safety Needle / Syringe
    • Used on small, frail veins
    • Vacuum could collapse vein
  11. Butterfly Use
    • Back of hand / small veins in arm / foot
    • Pediatric patients
    • Allows more flexibility and movement when placing needle
  12. Tube Color
    • Type of test
    • Type of additive
  13. Tube Size
    • Patient size and test
    • Some tests have minimum required amount needed
  14. Whole Blood
    • Same as in body
    • Has anticoagulant
  15. Lavender Tube Top
    • Hematology tests
    • CBC
    • Blood Type
  16. Plain Red Top (glass)
    Has no additive
  17. Plasma
    • Liquid part of whole blood (55%)
    • Used for STAT chemistry
    • Used for coagulation study
    • Has anticoagulants in tubes
    • Use centrifuge to separate from whole blood
  18. Serum
    • Liquid part of blood after coagulation (30-60 minutes)
    • Clotting must occur first
    • No anticoagulants in tube
    • Then centrifuge to separate
    • Used for chemistry / immunity tests
  19. Specle Tube Top
    • Fill to top
    • Used fro PT/PTT
    • Gold / Tiger top same thing
  20. If Additives in Tube
    • Must invert set number of times
    • Over then back is one time
  21. Types of Additives
    • Anticoagulants - EDTA
    • Clot Activator - Thrombin
    • Separator - Thixotropic Gel (separates the sections of blood)
  22. Smallest Needle
    • 23 Gauge
    • Smaller can cause Hemolysis
  23. Hemolysis
    Destruction of RBC
  24. Multidraw Needle Sizes
    20-21 Gauge
  25. Hematocrit Range
    • Males = 14-18
    • Females = 12-16
  26. Hemoglobin Ranges
    • Males = 40-54%
    • Females = 37-47%
  27. Needle Parts
    • Point
    • Bevel
    • Lumen
    • Shaft
    • Hub
  28. Straight Needle Size
    22 gauge
  29. Butterfly Needle Size
    23 gauge
  30. Needle Adapter
    • Holds multisample needle on one end
    • Holds tubes on opposite end

Card Set Information

Author:
Shutrbug20
ID:
77066
Filename:
MA 202 Specimen Collection
Updated:
2011-04-04 01:49:10
Tags:
Venpuncture Equipment
Folders:

Description:
Chapter 3 Unit 8
Show Answers:

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