MA 202 Specimen Collection

Card Set Information

Author:
Shutrbug20
ID:
77066
Filename:
MA 202 Specimen Collection
Updated:
2011-04-03 21:49:10
Tags:
Venpuncture Equipment
Folders:

Description:
Chapter 3 Unit 8
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Shutrbug20 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Phlebotomist Primary Job
    Collect blood and deliver to lab
  2. Blood Cultures
    • Need iodine for cleaning
    • Sterile collection
    • Yellow Tube top
  3. Inpatient Collection
    • At bed side
    • Tray on solid surface
    • Not patient tray, bed or floor
  4. Tourniquet Characteristics
    • Help locate vein (selection)
    • Causes vein to fill with blood (swell, bulge)
    • No longer than 1 minute
  5. Antiseptic
    Clean living tissue
  6. Disinfectant
    Clean surfaces, not tissue
  7. Bacteriostatic
    • Inhibits growth / reproduction of bacteria
    • Allow to dry 30-60 seconds for full affect
  8. Stop Bleeding at Puncture Site
    • Use direct pressure
    • DO NOT BEND ELBOW
  9. Rubber Retracable Sheath (dual needle)
    Keeps blood from seeping out while in vein / changing tubes

  10. Safety Needle / Syringe
    • Used on small, frail veins
    • Vacuum could collapse vein
  11. Butterfly Use
    • Back of hand / small veins in arm / foot
    • Pediatric patients
    • Allows more flexibility and movement when placing needle
  12. Tube Color
    • Type of test
    • Type of additive
  13. Tube Size
    • Patient size and test
    • Some tests have minimum required amount needed
  14. Whole Blood
    • Same as in body
    • Has anticoagulant
  15. Lavender Tube Top
    • Hematology tests
    • CBC
    • Blood Type
  16. Plain Red Top (glass)
    Has no additive
  17. Plasma
    • Liquid part of whole blood (55%)
    • Used for STAT chemistry
    • Used for coagulation study
    • Has anticoagulants in tubes
    • Use centrifuge to separate from whole blood
  18. Serum
    • Liquid part of blood after coagulation (30-60 minutes)
    • Clotting must occur first
    • No anticoagulants in tube
    • Then centrifuge to separate
    • Used for chemistry / immunity tests
  19. Specle Tube Top
    • Fill to top
    • Used fro PT/PTT
    • Gold / Tiger top same thing
  20. If Additives in Tube
    • Must invert set number of times
    • Over then back is one time
  21. Types of Additives
    • Anticoagulants - EDTA
    • Clot Activator - Thrombin
    • Separator - Thixotropic Gel (separates the sections of blood)
  22. Smallest Needle
    • 23 Gauge
    • Smaller can cause Hemolysis
  23. Hemolysis
    Destruction of RBC
  24. Multidraw Needle Sizes
    20-21 Gauge
  25. Hematocrit Range
    • Males = 14-18
    • Females = 12-16
  26. Hemoglobin Ranges
    • Males = 40-54%
    • Females = 37-47%
  27. Needle Parts
    • Point
    • Bevel
    • Lumen
    • Shaft
    • Hub
  28. Straight Needle Size
    22 gauge
  29. Butterfly Needle Size
    23 gauge
  30. Needle Adapter
    • Holds multisample needle on one end
    • Holds tubes on opposite end

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview