Chapter 10

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Chapter 10
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2011-04-03 22:33:43
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  1. Mate selection in modern industrialized countries tend to:
    A. take more time than in societies that have arranged marriages
    B. take about the same amount of time as societies that have arranged marriages
    C. take less time in societies that have arranged marriages.
    A. take more time than in societies that have arranged marriages
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Throughout history, most arrangements for marriage have been made by:
    A. a village shaman using astrological signs.
    B. individual choice.
    C. parents of the bride and groom
    D. contractual systems of indentured service
    C. parents of the bride and groom
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The pattern of mate selection in industrialization countries largely developed in the:
    A. 20th century
    B. 19th century
    C. 18th century
    D. 17th century
    A. 20th century
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Parent-arranged marriages are based on
    A. physical attraction
    B. none of these
    C. the potential for affection
    D. a belief that elders in the community have the most wisdom
    D. a belief that elders in the community have the most wisdom
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Parent-arranged marriages are likely to be based on
    A. economic considerations
    B. political considerations
    C. social status considerations
    D. all of these
    D. all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Considering that love is relatively unimportant for arranged marriages
    A. none of these
    B. most families do not experience much harmony.
    C. affection and respect seldom grow over the years.
    D. divorce rates are higher than in societies that use individual choice.
    A. none of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. One of the effects of industrialization on marriage is
    A. more freedom for women to make marriage decisions.
    B. none of these
    C. an increase in parent-arranged marriages
    D. individuals marry at younger ages
    A. more freedom for women to make marriage decisions.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Scandinavian countries have
    A. very conservative marriage customs
    B. a high marriage rate
    C. few children born outside of marriage
    D. cohabitation as the most common type of relationship before the birth of a child.
    D. cohabitation as the most common type of relationship before the birth of a child.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following is NOT true about opportunities for dating in early America
    A. approved by family members
    B. more informal than formal
    C. male initiated
    D.conducted under parental supervision
    B. more informal than formal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The__________ partner in a "Linus blanket" type of cohabiting relationship is the partner who is more likely to leave the relationship as a way to deal with relationship problems.
    A. more secure
    B. more insecure
    C. older
    D. younger
    A. more secure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. When it comes to marriage, the world appears to be moving toward__________.
    A. cultural tradition
    B. freedom of choice
    C. nakode choice
    D. semi-arranged
    B. freedom of choice
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The pace of dating for senior adults compared to their youthful counterparts tends to be
    A. much slower
    B. a little slower
    C. about the same
    D. accelerated
    D. accelerated
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
    A. neither statement is true
    B. both of these statements are true.
    C. the more physically attractive a person is, the less likely he or she is to worry about the partner's involvement with other people.
    D. the more physically attractive a person is, the more likely he or she is to have friends of the other gender.
    B. Both of these statement is true
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which couple would tend to progress more deeply into the relationship?
    A. female more attractive than male
    B. male and female about equal in attractiveness
    C. level of attractiveness makes no measureable difference.
    D. male more attractive than female
    B. male and female about equal in attractiveness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. As America became more _________, families left the farm or ranch to find better opportunities in towns and cities.
    A. diverse
    B. urbanized
    C. industrialized
    D. populated
    C. industrialized
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. individuals who cohabit as a way to break free from their parents' values and influence are likely to be:
    A. in a "testing" type of cohabiting relationship.
    B. males
    C. in an "emancipation" type of cohabiting relationship.
    D. over the age of 25.
    C. in an "emancipation" type of cohabiting relationship
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Attractive individuals:
    A. have the same rates of delinquency as others.
    B. do no better in school than those of average looks.
    C. have higher expectations for the future.
    D. feel the same about themselves as others.
    C. have higher expectations for the future.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Of the types of cohabitation relationships, a mature relationship is likely to be of the _______ type.
    A. testing
    B. convenience
    C. Linus blanket
    D. emancipation
    A. testing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Confusion in the campus dating situation at colleges may be attributed to:
    A. all of these
    B. achievement ethic
    C. co-ed dorms
    D. women's movement
    A. all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. A Glenn and Marquardt study found that ________ of women enter college hoping to meet "Mr. Right."
    A. 52%
    B. 71%
    C. 63%
    D. 47%
    C. 63%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Very dissimilar people do not often marry, but when they do, they are likely to
    A. adjust very well
    B. adjust adequately
    C. adjust fairly well
    D. divorce.
    D. divorce
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. As life spans lengthen, the percentage of Americans over age 65 is expected to increase to about ________by 2030
    A. 12%
    B. 20%
    C. 15%
    D. 25%
    B. 20%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. For couples who cohabit after they have planned to marry or are engaged, there is _____________ long-term marital success than couples who did not cohabit before marriage.
    A. no difference in
    B. a lower likelihood of
    C. Comparison of these variables has not yet been addressed by theory and research.
    D. a higher likeihood of
    A. no difference in
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The letters S. V. and R in the SVR theory of mate selection stand for
    A. the instrument used for measuring compatibility in this theory.
    B. Survivors
    C. Stimulus-Value-Role
    D. a home-shopping cable television program.
    C. Stimulus-Value-Role
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of the following is NOT a process in Reiss's wheel theory of love?
    A. independency
    B. intimacy need fulfillment
    C. rapport
    D. self-revelation
    A. independency
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. In Reiss's wheel theory of love, rapport refers to
    A. disclosing personal information
    B. having personal needs fulfilled
    C. developing understanding and closeness
    D. wanting and needing the other person
    C. developing understanding and closeness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. The percentage of cohabiting couples that get married within five years of living together is
    A. 22%
    B. 55%
    C. 10%
    D. 40%
    B. 55%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which of the following is NOT recognized theory of mate selection?
    A. wheel theory of love
    B. SVR theory
    C. homogamy
    D. complementary needs
    D. complementary needs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The tendency to marry someone of the same ethnic group, educational level, relation, values, and socioeconomic status is known as___________.
    A. homogamy
    B. complementary needs
    C. acculturation
    D. cultural familiarity
    A. homogamy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. In the updated SVR model, the three components
    A. are distinct stages
    B. work together
    C. are steps to be followed in order
    D. are unrelated
    B.work together
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Religion, politics, lifestyle, feelings, and attitudes are issues that are explored in which component of the SVR model?
    A. R
    B.V
    C. Those issues would not be explored in the SVR model
    D. S
    B. V
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Power, authority, expectations, and division of labor are issues that are discovered in which component of the SVR model?
    A.V
    B.R
    C.S
    D.According to the SVR model, those issues are not part of the mate selection
    B. R
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. In Reiss's theory of mate selection, the four processes are
    A. unrelated
    B. dependent
    C. independent
    D. interdependent
    D. interdependent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The outer ring in the wheel theory of love signifies
    A. role conceptions
    B. intimacy need fulfillment
    C. social-cultural background.
    D. love
    C. social-cultural background
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Reiss's wheel model is useful in examining
    A. parent-child relationships
    B. love relationships
    C. all of these
    D. friendships.
    C. all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Good rapport between two people often leads to:
    A. violence
    B. self-revelation
    C. mutual dependency
    D. satisfaction
    B. self-revelation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. In dealing with dating conflict, which approach is used most by males (age 17-26)
    A. verbal aggression
    B. minor violence, such as pushing
    C. severe violence, such as hitting or choking
    D. reasoning
    D. reasoning
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which of the following statements about mate selection in contemporary mainland China is TRUE?
    A. All of these statements are true.
    B. there has been a dramatic change from parent-arranged marriage to love-based marriage
    C. Young people in China know how to select a mate because they tend to date for a long period of time before eventually selecting a mate
    D. Love-based mate selection happens more often in small towns and rural areas than in cities, because people know each other better, and their families.
    B. There has been a dramatic change from parent-arranged marriage to love-based marriage.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which of the following is TRUE about dating?
    A. Dating often mistakes a physical relationship for love
    B. dating leads to commitment, but not necessarily to intimacy.
    C. Dating provides an effective environment for getting to know another person's character.
    D. Friendships can lead to dating, which sometimes then lead to mate selection
    A. Dating often mistakes a physical relationship for love.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. "Hanging out" and "hooking up" are
    A. all of these
    B. often ambiguous in definition, so participants do not have to reveal specifics about their relationship
    C. possible ways to select a mate
    D. contemporary alternatives to dating.
    A. all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. In many non-industrialized countries, parent-arranged marriages are
    A. uncommon and ineffective
    B. uncommon, but effective
    C. common and effective
    D. common, but ineffective
    C. common and effective
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The three components of the ___________ theory help individuals evaluate a dating or cohabiting relationship
    A. SCC
    B. RVC
    C. WOL
    D. SVR
    D. SVR
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. According to Ridley et al., which of the following patterns of cohabitation holds the greatest potential for continuing into a successful relationship?
    A. convenience
    B. emancipation
    C. Linus blanket
    D. testing
    D. testing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The test offers ideas to consider before cohabiting, which of the following is NOT a suggested idea?
    A. Keep expectations reasonable
    B. Write and sign a Living Together Agreement
    C. Define the amount of cohabiting time
    D. All of these are valid ideas
    D. All of these are valid ideas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Which of the common patterns of cohabitation, as identified by Ridley, Peterman, and Avery, often has the relationship end with one partner's feeling guilty?
    A. Testing
    B. Linus blanket
    C. Convenience
    D. Emancipation
    B. Linus Blanket
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Although physical appearance is considered important by most people in a relationship, being ________ typically ranked higher.
    A. intelligent and funny
    B. of the same ethnic group
    C. well-educated and athletic
    D. of the same socioeconomic background
    A. intelligent and funny
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Types of cohabiting include:
    A. all of these
    B. convenience
    C. Linus blanket
    D. emancipation
    A. all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Reiss calls the fourth and final process in the development of love:_______
    A. self-revelation
    B. intimacy need fulfillment
    C. mutual dependency
    D. interdependence
    B. intimiacy need fulfillment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which of the following is TRUE about elderly people and dating?
    A. They tend not to have sex during dating, because when their age cohort was young, social values prohibited sex outside of marriage
    B. Many have fears during dating, about the burden of caring for someone in deteriorating health, or being a burden themselves.
    C. Many are willing to give up their independence, because it gives them the security of marriage
    D. They tend to tell their families about their new partner early in the dating relationship
    B. Many have fears during dating, about the burden of caring for someone in deteriorating health, or being a burden themselves.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. The term sex ratio refers to the following proportion: the number of _______ and the number of ___________ at a particular point in time.
    A. cohabitors; non-cohabitors
    B. endogamous relationships; homogamous relationships
    C. men; women
    D. dating relationships where the partners have had sexual intercourse; dating relationships where the partners have not had sexual intercourse
    C. men; women
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Throughout world history, courtship has generally been brief
    T
  52. Much of the non-industriallized world still practices parent-arranged marriages, but there is a global movement toward individual choice in mate selection
    T
  53. The causes of violence are quite different in courtship than in marriage
    F
  54. Parent-arranged marriages tend to strengthen and reinforce community life.
    T
  55. In parent-arranged marriage systems, the potential partners tend to have high anxiety concerning whether or not their spouse will be committed to the relationship
    F
  56. In India, the belief in reincarnation has a significant impact on mate selection
    T
  57. Living together is replacing dating
    T
  58. Dating (as an activity) emerged with the industrialization of American society.
    T
  59. In terms of minor physical dating violence, more men are on the receivcing end than on the giving end
    T
  60. The social stigma attached to cohabitation continues today
    F
  61. The percentage of older adults in the American population has remained steady throughout this century
    F
  62. Older American single individuals tend to define dating (for themselves) as "playing the field" rather than "going stedy."
    F
  63. Older Americans tend to be more creative and do more varied things on datess than their adolescent counterparts
    T
  64. Sexual intimacy for senior adults tends to enchance self-esteem
    T
  65. Attractive males are more likely than attractive females to desire involvements outside the relationship
    T
  66. Physical attractivemess is one of the most significant criteria for the first dates
    T
  67. Difference in levels of maturity do not affect the prospects for a long-term relationship.
    F
  68. Cohabiting couples have higher levels of happiness and well-being than do married couples.
    F
  69. Personal appearance seldom impacts future success
    F
  70. Ethnically mixed couples are less likely to divorce than ethnically homogeneous couples
    F
  71. In the SVR theory of mate selection, the role complementarity component does not being until the value component has been completed.
    T
  72. In Reiss's wheel theory of love, the four interpersonal processses develop independently
    F
  73. Most women hope to meet a spouse while at college
    T
  74. Jealousy is a major source of conflict in the early stages of relationships
    T
  75. Older adults experience the same emotional effects of dating that younger people do
    T

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