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2011-04-03 23:07:52
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oral pathology exam3
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oral pathology
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  1. not malignant, favorable for recovery
    benign
  2. occuring within bone
    central
  3. surrounded by a capsule of fibrous ct
    encapsulated
  4. abnormal increase in the number of cells
    hyperplasia
  5. likely to cause the death of the host
    malignant
  6. transport of neoplastic cells to parts of the body remote from the primary tumor and establishment of a new tumor there
    metastasis
  7. formation of tumor by the uncontrolled proliferation of cells
    neoplasia
  8. benign, localized overgrowth of melanocytes
    nevus
  9. study of tumors or neoplasms
    oncology
  10. occuring in various forms
    pleomorphic
  11. increase in quantity
    proliferation
  12. malignant tumor of the epithelium
    carcinoma
  13. disordered growth
    dysplasia
  14. staining more intensely than normal
    hyperchromatic
  15. infiltration and active destruction of surrounding tissue
    invasion
  16. cancer; resistant to tx and causes death
    malignant tumor
  17. tumor developing in a spot different from a primary tumor
    metastic tumor
  18. tumor
    neoplasm
  19. tooth forming
    odotogenic
  20. original tumor; source for metastisis
    primary tumor
  21. malignant tumor of ct
    sarcoma
  22. means new growth in which cells exhibit uncontrolled proliferation
    neoplasia
  23. a mass of cells exhibiting uncntrolled proliferation
    neoplasm
  24. does not have the ability to spread to distant sites
    benign tumor
  25. benign fat tumor
    lipoma
  26. malignant tumors of epithelium
    10x more common than sarcoma
    carcinoma
  27. malignant tumors of connective tissue
    sarcoma
  28. surgical incision
    benign
  29. surgery
    malignant
  30. predunculated or sessile growth, cauliflower-like in appearance, any age, soft palate
    squamous epithelium (papilloma)
  31. white plaque-like lesion of the oral mucosa that cannot be rubbed off and cannot be diagnosed as a specific disease
    leukoplakia
  32. an oral mucosal lesion that may appear as a smooth red patch or a granular red and velvety patch
    erythroplakia
  33. mixture of red and white areas
    speckled leukoplakia
  34. preceeds scc, carcinoma in situ,
    epithelial dysplasia
  35. malignant tumor of squamous epithelium, most common malignancy of oral cavity, exophytic ulcerative mass, tobacco and alcohol
    epithelial dysplasia
  36. malignant skin tumor, sun exposure, does not occur in the oral cavity
    basal cell carcinoma
  37. benign tumor of salivary gland
    adenoma
  38. malignant tumors of salivary glands
    adenoid cystic carcinoma
    mucoepidermoid carcinoma
    adenocarcinoma
  39. most common, parotid gland, palate, benign, slowly enlarging
    pleomorphic adenoma
  40. upper lip in adults,
    monomorphic adenoma
  41. epithelial, lymphoid, presents as a painless, soft, fluctuant mass of the parotid gland
    warthin's tumor (adenolymphoma)
  42. painful because they surround teh nerves, more common in women, slow growing, poor prognosis
    adenoid cystic carcinoma (cylindroma)
  43. in bone, mandibular premolar and mola, parotid, salivary gland, most common in children
    mucoepidermoid carcinoma
  44. maxillary-death, soap-bubble like, common recurrence, molar-ramus area
    ameloblastoma
  45. pindborg tumor
    calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (ceot)
  46. cause tooth displacement, young ppl, poorly defined margins
    odontogenic myxoma
  47. a benign well-circumscribed tumor composed of fibrous ct adn rounded or globular calcifications resembling cementum. (fibro-osseous)
    cementifying fibroma
  48. calcifications resemble bone trabeculae
    ossifying fibroma
  49. calcifications are a mixture of cementum and bone trabeculae
    cemento-ossifying fibroma
  50. cementum producing lesion that is fused to the root of a tooth , young adults, mand. molar or pm. pain
    benign cementoblastoma
  51. involves multiple quadrants, dense, sclerotic masses of bone or cementum appear as large areas. older black women
    florid osseous dysplasia
  52. has distinctive age, sex, and site distrubution does not reoccur
    adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (oat)
  53. removed in its entirity
    enucleation
  54. ghost like keratinization
    calcifying odontogenic cyst
  55. round structurs with clear centers
    ghost cells
  56. collection of numerous small teeth
    compound
  57. mass of enamel, dentin, cementum, and pulp that doesnt resemble a normal tooth
    complex
  58. gingiva, pdl, young females, most common odontogenic tumor occuring on the gingiva
    peripheral ossifying fibroma
  59. neurofibroma and schwannaoma both dervived from schwann cells
    benign nerve tumor
  60. multiple neurofibromatosis syndrome
    von recklinghausen's diseas
  61. benign tumor of striated muscle
    rhabdomyoma
  62. tumor fo smooth muscle-very rare
    leiomyomas
  63. malignant tumor of striated muscle-most common malignant soft tissue tumoe of the head/neck in children
    rhabomysarcoma
  64. present at birth
    hemangioma
  65. a cystic lymphangioma in neck
    cystic hygroma
  66. malignant vascular tumor, associated with hiv
    kaposis sarcoma
  67. tumor of melanocytes, pigmented congenital lesion-present at birth
    nevus
  68. toothache or tooth mobility, parasthesia of the lip is common in mans. tumors, sunburst pattern
    osteosarcoma
  69. benign tumor of cartilage
    chondroma
  70. destructive lesion of bone, 40 yo and up, bone pain and swelling, fragments of immunoglobins present in the urine-bence-jones proteins
    multiple myloma
  71. trait or charactersitic that is manifested when it is carried by only one of a pairof homologous chromosomes
    dominant
  72. appearance of the face
    facies
  73. an individual with two different genes
    heterozygote
  74. an individual having identical genes
    homozygote
  75. permanent change in the arrangement of genetic material
    mutation
  76. entire physical, biochemical, adn physiologic make-up of a person
    phenotype
  77. set of signs or symptoms,or both, occuring together
    syndrome
  78. pair of chromosomes with an identical extra chromosomes
    trisomy
  79. science that studies inheritance and expression of inherited traits
    genetics
  80. heredity units that are transmitted from one generation to another
    genes
  81. blueprint of the genetic dns for coding of protiens
    messenger rna
  82. transfers amino acids from the cytoplasm to the messenger rna, positionin gamino acids in the proper sequence to form polypeptides
    transfer rna
  83. combines with several polypeptides to form ribosomes
    ribosomal rna
  84. found within the nucleus and is the precursor of messenger rna
    heterogneous rna
  85. down syndrome, fissured tongue, premature loss of teeth
    trisomy 21
  86. cleft lip, small eyes, no eyes, growth retardation, mental retardation, rocker, thumb in fist punch
    trisomy 13
  87. webbing of neck, low hairline, sparse body hair, edema of the hands and feet, short stature
    turners syndrome
  88. xxy chromosome, male phenotype, taller than normal, wide hips
    klinefelters syndrom
  89. decrease in the number of circulating neutrophils
    neutropenia
  90. usually all permanent teeth fall out by age 14
    papillon-lefevre syndrome
  91. face swelling soap-bubbles
    cherubism
  92. intestinal polyps that become malignant
    gardeners syndrome

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