Nutrition Flashcards

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Author:
ml3923
ID:
77155
Filename:
Nutrition Flashcards
Updated:
2011-04-03 23:26:46
Tags:
Nutrition
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Description:
Nurs 3344 Test 3
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  1. Major enzymes that digest Carbohydrates
    • ptyalin (salivary amylase)
    • pancreatic amylase
    • disaccharidases
  2. End product of Carbohydrate digestion
    Monosaccharides
  3. Carbohydrates are absorbed by the ____.
    Small intestine
  4. Function of glucose
    • Maintain blood levels
    • Provide reasily available source of energy
  5. Enzyme that helps to digest Protein
    Pepsin
  6. Most Protein digestion occurs in the ____.
    Small Intestine
  7. Each gram of carbohydrate produces __ kcal
    4
  8. Sources of Carbohydrates
    • Whole grain breads
    • Baked Potatoes
    • Brown Rice
  9. Each gram of fat produces ___kcal
    9
  10. Sources of Fats
    • Olive oil
    • Salmon
    • Egg yolks
  11. Each gram of Protein produces ___kcal
    4
  12. Sources of Protein
    • Ground beef
    • Whole milk
    • Poultry
  13. Fat-soluble Vitamins
    • A
    • D
    • E
    • K
  14. Water-soluble Vitamins
    • C
    • B-complex
  15. Clear Liquid Diet
    Liquids that have little residue (clear fruit juices, gelatin, broth)
  16. Full Liquid Diet
    Clear liquids plus liquid dairy products, all juice, pureed vegetables
  17. Pureed Diet
    Clear and full liquids plus pureed meats, fruits, and scrambled eggs
  18. Mechanical Soft Diet
    Clear and full liquids plus diced or ground foods
  19. Soft/Low Residue Diet
    Foods that are low in fiber and easy to digest
  20. High-Fiber Diet
    • Whole grains
    • Raw and Dried Fruits
  21. Low Sodium Diet
    No added salt or 1 to 2g of sodium
  22. Low Cholesterol Diet
    No more than 300 mg/day of dietary cholesterol
  23. Diabetic Diet
    Balanced intake of protein, fats, and carbohydrates of about 1800 calories
  24. Dysphagia Diet
    Pureed foods and thickened liquids

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