Chapter 7

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Anonymous
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77157
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Chapter 7
Updated:
2011-04-03 23:31:18
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Family
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Fam chapter 7
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  1. Textbook authors conclude that, for many contemporary families, gender-based division of labor:
    A. is still practiced
    B. gives most of the power to the males in the family
    C. is no longer practiced
    D. gives most of the power to the females in the family
    D. gives most of the power to the females in the family
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The nationwide survey (discussed at length by Olson and DeFrain) that focused on the strngths of happily married couples revealed that more happy couples than unhappy couples divided household tasks on the basis of
    A. traditional tasks of males and of females
    B. personal preference of the spouses
    C. the amount of time spent in the home.
    D. personal convenience
    B. personal preference of the spouses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Gender role stereotypes
    A. are a thing of the past in the United States
    B. create equality between the sexes
    C. affect psychological development from birth on
    D. ensure that all genetic males possess the qualities that a particular society deems to be masculine
    C. affect psychological development from birth on.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following is NOT traditionally associated with masculinity?
    A. independence
    B. sensitivity
    C. aggressiveness
    D. a predisposition for math and science
    B. sensitivity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The traditional view of gender roles
    A. grew out of a male-oriented culture
    B. assumed females had more desireable traits than males
    C. suggested sensitivity and emotionality were important for males as well as females.
    D. assumed females had more desirable traits and suggest sensitivity and emotionality were important for males as well as females.
    A. grew out of a male-oriented culture
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Who was the sociologist who introduced the modern family's "instrumental" and "expressive" roles?
    A. Talcott Parsons
    B. none of these
    C. Margaret Mead
    D. Lawrence Kohlberg
    A. Talcott Parsons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. In the traditional view, society required that men be ________ and women be ___________
    A. instrumental; expressive
    B. expressive; instrumental
    C. structual; instrumental
    D. structural; expressive
    A. instrumental; expressive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. An example of an instrumental function is
    A. rocking a crying infant
    B. solving family conflicts
    C. making major financial decisions
    D. teaching children how to get along
    C. making major financial decisions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Critics of Talcott Parson's traditional view of gender roles suggest that his view
    A. stereotyped men and women
    B. ignored the potential problems of its view
    C. all these
    D. mistakenly assumed the traditional family was universal
    C. all these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Although most research relating to gender focuses on housework and care of children, there is a recent concept in families that considers:
    A. mental work
    B. emotion work
    C. divison of labor
    D. marital satisfaction
    B. emotion work
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Emotion work, a recent concept realized by Erickson, includes:
    a listening closely to one's partner
    b. offering encouragement
    c. showing appreciation
    d. all of these
    d. all of these
  12. Equalitarianism is
    A. the current trend among many couples making a serious commitment to each other and a contemporary model stressing equality in committed relationships
    B. a contemporary model stressing equality in committed relationships
    C. the current trend amoung many couples making a serious commitment to each other.
    D. the sport of horseback riding
    A. the current trend among many couples making a serious commitment to each other and a contemporary model stressing equality in committed relationships
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. an example of the double standard in gender roles is
    A. a couple consisting of a liberated woman and a traditoinal man.
    B.a woman who succeeds in business when a male peer does not.
    C. society's greater acceptance of male sexual freedom than female sexual freedom
    D. women claiming more freedom for themselves
    C. society's greater acceptance of male sexual freedom than female sexual freedom
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Margaret Mead was an anthropologist who studied gender roles in different
    A. cultures
    B. paradigms
    C. decades
    D. none of these
    A. cultures
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Results of Margaret Mead's research on gender roles and culture suggest that
    A. expressive task management is a universal female characteristic
    B. aggressiveness and independence are universal male characteristics
    C. gender roles are biologically determined.
    D. gender roles vary widely from culture to culture
    D. gender roles vary widely from culture to culture
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Gender roles are:
    A. the gender-linked contellation of traits commonly associated with women or men.
    B. the sense of being a male or female, and what that means to one's society.
    C. the same thing as gender stereotypes
    D. expectations about people's attitudes and behaviors based on whether they are female or male
    D. expectations about people's attitudes and behaviors based on whether they are female or male
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Critics of Margaret Mead's research have found that in 33 different societies around the world
    A. all of these
    B.males were more interested in fertility and youth.
    C. "good looks" were more important to males than females.
    D. females in looking for a partner placed greater vale on wealth and ambition
    A. all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The percentage of heterosexual couples with and without children, where both partners are employed in today's society, is approximately
    A. 65%-70%
    B. less than 50%
    C. 55%-66%
    D. 45%-50%
    C. 50%-66%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Strain-based demands include:
    A. extensive travel
    B. extra hours
    C. shift work
    D. workload pressures
    D. workload pressures
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following is NOT a theory described in the text that attempts to explain "machismo" in Mexican American culture?
    A. Machismo is an unconscious attempt to overcompensate for feelings of inferiority and powerlessness that arise from being conquered by Spaniards
    B. All of these theories are described in the text.
    C. Machismo is one way to acquire status that is denied men of color in our society.
    D. Machismo is taught to make children by Mexican American mothers to guard against enemies
    D. Machismo is taught to make children by Mexican American mothers to guard against enemies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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