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Adventitious Breath Sounds
abnormal breath sounds
(aka~crackles, gurgles, friction rub, wheeze)
Hair Loss, Baldness of body hair
Angle of Louis
The junction between the body of the sternum, + the manubrium (handle like superior part of the sternum that joins w/the clavicles.
The anterior curve of the auricle's upper aspect
Any defect in or loss of the power to express oneself by speech, writing , or signs, or to comprehend spoken or written language due to disease or injury of the cerebral cortex
An uneven curvature of the cornea that prevents horizontal + vertical rays from focusing on the retina.
Common problem that may occur in conjunction w/myopia + hyperopia
Part of the external ear
Also called pinna or flap of ear
Process of listening to sounds produced within the body
- indirect- the use of a stethoscope to listen
- direct- The use of an unaided ear to listen
A test during which the client's finger nail is temporarily pinched to access capillary refill + peripheral circulation.
A blowing or swishing sound created by turbulence of blood flow due to a narrowed arterial lumen.
- Cavities (dental)
- Commonly associated w/ plaque + tarter deposits
Tend to be occuring in persons over 65yrs
Opacity of the lens or capsule of the eye
lubricates and protects the canal
Condition in which the angle between the nail and the nail bed is 180 degrees or greater
May be caused by a long-term lack of oxygen
A sea-shell shaped structure essential for sound transmission and hearing.
Conduction Hearing Loss
The result of interrupted transmission of sound waves through the outer and middle ear structures.
inflammation of the bulbar and palpebral conjuctiva, may result from foreign bodies, chemicals, allergenic agents, bacteria, or viruses.
- ~Adventitious sounds
A bluish Tinge
~dark skinned clients, lining of eyelids and palms and soles may also show evidence of cyanosis
Inflammation of the lacrimal sac
manifested by tearing + a discharge from the nasolacrimal duct.
period in which the ventricles contract
Begins with the s2 + end with the s1
A thud like sound produced by dense tissue such as the liver, spleen, or the heart.
A sound is its length (long or short)
The presence of excess interstitial fluid
appears swollen, shiny, + taut and tends to blanch the skin color or if accompanied by inflammation, may redden the skin.
redness associated with a variety of rashes
Part of the middle ear, connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx
A protrusion of the eyeballs with elevation of the upper eyelids resulting in a startled or staring expression.
External Auditory Meatus
The entrance to the ear canal that ends in the tympanic membrane.
The failure to preceive touch on one side of the body when two symmetric areas of the body are touched simultaneously.
Red, swollen, gingiva (gums)
Bleeding, receding gum lines + the formation of pockets between the teeth and gums.
A disturbance in the circulation of aqueous fluid, which causes an increase in intraocular pressure.
Most frequently cause is blindness in people over 40
Inflammation of the tongue
A device that measures the angle of the joint in degrees.
The posterior curve of the auricle's upper aspect
Landmark of the auricle or pinna
A protrusion of the intestine through the inguinal wall or canal.
A redness, swelling, and tenderness of the hair follicle and glands that empty at the edge of the eyelids.
Not produced in the normal body
described as booming and can be heard over an emphysematous lung.
(anvil) bone of the middle ear
Assessing by using the sense of sight.
Amplitude refers to the loudness or softness of a sound.
Apparent when an individual attempts a voluntary movement, such as holding a cup of coffee.
A yellowish Tinge
First evident in the sclera of the eyes and than in the mucous membrane and the skin.
Refer to a rising along the sternal border with each heart beat.
Occurs when cardiac action is very powerful.
Landmark of the auricle or pinna
Bone of sound in the middle ear
The handle like superior part of the sternum that joins with the clavicles.
Not part of the ear
Bony prominence behind the ear
indicate an inflammation of the iris or result from such drugs as morphine or pilocarpine
Mixed Hearing Loss
A combination of conduction and sensorineural loss.
May indicate injury or glaucoma or result from certain drugs. (atropine)
Normal head size
Rapid involuntary rhythmic eye movement.
May indicate neurologic impairment.
Sense of whether one or two areas of skin are being stimulated by pressure
Three bones in the middle ear
Bones of sound transmission.
Intrument for examining the interior of the ear, especially the eardrum. consisting essentially of a magnifying lens and a light.
Result of inadequate circulating blood or hemoglobin and subsequent reduction in tissue oxygenation.
Examination of the body using the sense of touch
used to determine texture, temperature, vibration, position, size, consistency, mobility, distention, and presence of pain upon pressure.
Inflammation of the parotid salivary gland
Commonly associated with plaque and tartar deposits.
The act of striking the body surface to create sounds that can be heard or vibrations that can be felt.
Blood supply to an area
External auditory canal
Frequency of the vibration ( the number of vibration per sound)
low pitched sounds (heart sounds) have fewer vibration per second
High pitched sounds = bronchial sounds.
invisible soft film that adheres to the enamel surface of teeth
consists of bacteria, molecules of saliva, + remnants of epithelial cells and leukocytes.
Middle finger of the nondominant hand used during percussion.
Flexed middle finger of the other hand
uses it to strike the pleximeter
The area of the chest overlying the heart.
Inspected and palpated for the presence of abnormal pulsation or lifts or heaves.
Loss of elasticity of the lens and thus loss of ablility to see close objects.
sensory nerve terminals occurring chiefly in the muscles, tendons, joints, and the internal ear that give information about movements and the position of the body.
Periodontal disease- purulant
is subjective description of sound whistling, gurgling, snapping.
An automatic response of the body to a stimulus.
A hollow sound such as that produced by lungs filled with air.
Involuntary movement which is more apparent when the client is at rest and diminishes with activity.
- First heart sound
- Occurs when the artioventricular (A-V) valves close.
Second sound of the heart "dub
Higher pitched than S1 and shorter duration.
In the inner ear; contain the organs of equilibrium.
Sensorineural Hearing Loss.
Result of damage to the inner ear, the auditory nerve, or hearing center of the brain.
The accumulation of foul matter (food, microorganisms, and epithelial elements) on the teeth and gums.
Part of the three bones of sound in middle ear.
The act of recognizing objects by touching and manipulating them. (discrimination)
The period in which the ventricles contract.
Begins with the S1 and ends with the S2 shorter than distole.
Visible, hard deposit of plaque and dead bacteria that forms at the gum lines.
Can alter the fibers that attach the teeth to the gum and eventually disrupt bone and tissue.
Frequently accompanies a bruit.
A vibrating sensation like the purring of a cat or water running through a hose.
The Cartilaginous protrusion at the enterance to the ear canal
Involuntary trembling of a limb or body part
May involve large groups of muscle fibers or small bundles of muscle fibers.
A depression of the antihelix
landmark of the auricle of ear
the sense whether one or two areas of the skin are being stimulated by pressure.
A musical or drum-like sound produced from an air-filled stomach
Contains organs of equilibrium.
found in the inner ear
External part of the eye
The degree of detail the eye can discern in an image
The area an individual can see when looking straight ahead.
Patches of hypopigmented skin
Caused by destruction of melanocytes in the area.