Vocabulary Review

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nhwyckoff
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77397
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Vocabulary Review
Updated:
2011-04-04 20:29:34
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Basic terms
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  1. Adventitious Breath Sounds
    abnormal breath sounds

    (aka~crackles, gurgles, friction rub, wheeze)
  2. Alopecia
    Hair Loss, Baldness of body hair
  3. Angle of Louis
    The junction between the body of the sternum, + the manubrium (handle like superior part of the sternum that joins w/the clavicles.
  4. Antihelix
    The anterior curve of the auricle's upper aspect
  5. Aphasia
    Any defect in or loss of the power to express oneself by speech, writing , or signs, or to comprehend spoken or written language due to disease or injury of the cerebral cortex
  6. Astigmatism
    An uneven curvature of the cornea that prevents horizontal + vertical rays from focusing on the retina.

    Common problem that may occur in conjunction w/myopia + hyperopia
  7. Auricle
    Part of the external ear

    Also called pinna or flap of ear
  8. Auscultation
    Process of listening to sounds produced within the body

    • indirect- the use of a stethoscope to listen
    • direct- The use of an unaided ear to listen
  9. Blanch Test
    A test during which the client's finger nail is temporarily pinched to access capillary refill + peripheral circulation.
  10. Bruit
    A blowing or swishing sound created by turbulence of blood flow due to a narrowed arterial lumen.
  11. Caries
    • Cavities (dental)
    • Commonly associated w/ plaque + tarter deposits
  12. Cataracts
    Tend to be occuring in persons over 65yrs

    Opacity of the lens or capsule of the eye
  13. Cerumen
    Earwax

    lubricates and protects the canal
  14. Clubbing
    Condition in which the angle between the nail and the nail bed is 180 degrees or greater

    May be caused by a long-term lack of oxygen
  15. Cochlea
    A sea-shell shaped structure essential for sound transmission and hearing.
  16. Conduction Hearing Loss
    The result of interrupted transmission of sound waves through the outer and middle ear structures.
  17. Conjunctivistis
    inflammation of the bulbar and palpebral conjuctiva, may result from foreign bodies, chemicals, allergenic agents, bacteria, or viruses.
  18. Crepitations
    • ~rales
    • ~Crackles
    • ~Adventitious sounds
  19. Cyanosis
    A bluish Tinge

    ~dark skinned clients, lining of eyelids and palms and soles may also show evidence of cyanosis
  20. Dacryocystitis
    Inflammation of the lacrimal sac

    manifested by tearing + a discharge from the nasolacrimal duct.
  21. Diastole
    period in which the ventricles contract

    Begins with the s2 + end with the s1
  22. Dullness
    A thud like sound produced by dense tissue such as the liver, spleen, or the heart.
  23. Duration
    A sound is its length (long or short)
  24. Edema
    The presence of excess interstitial fluid

    appears swollen, shiny, + taut and tends to blanch the skin color or if accompanied by inflammation, may redden the skin.
  25. Erythema
    redness associated with a variety of rashes
  26. Eustachian Tube
    Part of the middle ear, connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx
  27. Exophthalmos
    A protrusion of the eyeballs with elevation of the upper eyelids resulting in a startled or staring expression.
  28. External Auditory Meatus
    The entrance to the ear canal that ends in the tympanic membrane.
  29. Extinction
    The failure to preceive touch on one side of the body when two symmetric areas of the body are touched simultaneously.
  30. Flatness
    Red, swollen, gingiva (gums)

    Bleeding, receding gum lines + the formation of pockets between the teeth and gums.
  31. Glaucoma
    A disturbance in the circulation of aqueous fluid, which causes an increase in intraocular pressure.

    Most frequently cause is blindness in people over 40
  32. Glossitis
    Inflammation of the tongue
  33. Goniometer
    A device that measures the angle of the joint in degrees.
  34. Helix
    The posterior curve of the auricle's upper aspect

    Landmark of the auricle or pinna
  35. Hernia
    A protrusion of the intestine through the inguinal wall or canal.
  36. Hordeolum(sty)
    A redness, swelling, and tenderness of the hair follicle and glands that empty at the edge of the eyelids.
  37. Hyperopia
    Farsightedness
  38. Hyperresonance
    Not produced in the normal body

    described as booming and can be heard over an emphysematous lung.
  39. Incus
    (anvil) bone of the middle ear
  40. Inspection
    Visual Examination

    Assessing by using the sense of sight.
  41. Intensity
    Amplitude refers to the loudness or softness of a sound.
  42. Intention Tremor
    Apparent when an individual attempts a voluntary movement, such as holding a cup of coffee.
  43. Jaundice
    A yellowish Tinge

    First evident in the sclera of the eyes and than in the mucous membrane and the skin.
  44. Lift
    Also heave

    Refer to a rising along the sternal border with each heart beat.

    Occurs when cardiac action is very powerful.
  45. Lobule
    Landmark of the auricle or pinna

    Ear lobe
  46. Malleus
    hammer

    Bone of sound in the middle ear
  47. Manubrium
    The handle like superior part of the sternum that joins with the clavicles.
  48. Mastoid
    Not part of the ear

    Bony prominence behind the ear

    important landmark
  49. Miosis
    Constricted pupils

    indicate an inflammation of the iris or result from such drugs as morphine or pilocarpine
  50. Mixed Hearing Loss
    A combination of conduction and sensorineural loss.
  51. Mydriasis
    Enlarged pupils

    May indicate injury or glaucoma or result from certain drugs. (atropine)
  52. Myopia
    nearsightedness
  53. Normocephalic
    Normal head size
  54. Nystagmus
    Rapid involuntary rhythmic eye movement.

    May indicate neurologic impairment.
  55. One-Point Discrimination
    Sense of whether one or two areas of skin are being stimulated by pressure
  56. Ossicles
    Three bones in the middle ear

    Bones of sound transmission.
  57. Otoscope
    Intrument for examining the interior of the ear, especially the eardrum. consisting essentially of a magnifying lens and a light.
  58. Pallor
    Result of inadequate circulating blood or hemoglobin and subsequent reduction in tissue oxygenation.
  59. Palpation
    Examination of the body using the sense of touch

    used to determine texture, temperature, vibration, position, size, consistency, mobility, distention, and presence of pain upon pressure.
  60. Parotitis
    Inflammation of the parotid salivary gland
  61. Periodontal Disease
    pyorrhea

    Commonly associated with plaque and tartar deposits.
  62. Percussion
    The act of striking the body surface to create sounds that can be heard or vibrations that can be felt.
  63. Perfusion
    Blood supply to an area
  64. Pinna
    or auricle

    External auditory canal
  65. Pitch
    Frequency of the vibration ( the number of vibration per sound)

    low pitched sounds (heart sounds) have fewer vibration per second

    High pitched sounds = bronchial sounds.
  66. Plaque
    invisible soft film that adheres to the enamel surface of teeth

    consists of bacteria, molecules of saliva, + remnants of epithelial cells and leukocytes.
  67. Pleximeter
    Middle finger of the nondominant hand used during percussion.
  68. Plexor
    Flexed middle finger of the other hand

    uses it to strike the pleximeter
  69. Precordium
    The area of the chest overlying the heart.

    Inspected and palpated for the presence of abnormal pulsation or lifts or heaves.
  70. Presbyopia
    Loss of elasticity of the lens and thus loss of ablility to see close objects.
  71. Proprioceptors
    sensory nerve terminals occurring chiefly in the muscles, tendons, joints, and the internal ear that give information about movements and the position of the body.
  72. Pyorrhea
    Periodontal disease- purulant
  73. Quality
    is subjective description of sound whistling, gurgling, snapping.
  74. Reflex
    An automatic response of the body to a stimulus.
  75. Resonance
    A hollow sound such as that produced by lungs filled with air.
  76. Resting Tremor
    Involuntary movement which is more apparent when the client is at rest and diminishes with activity.
  77. S1
    • First heart sound
    • Occurs when the artioventricular (A-V) valves close.
  78. dull-low pitched, "lub"
  79. S2
    Second sound of the heart "dub

    Higher pitched than S1 and shorter duration.
  80. Semicircular Canals
    In the inner ear; contain the organs of equilibrium.
  81. Sensorineural Hearing Loss.
    Result of damage to the inner ear, the auditory nerve, or hearing center of the brain.
  82. Sordes
    The accumulation of foul matter (food, microorganisms, and epithelial elements) on the teeth and gums.
  83. Stapes
    Stirrups

    Part of the three bones of sound in middle ear.
  84. Stereognosis
    The act of recognizing objects by touching and manipulating them. (discrimination)
  85. Sternum
    Breast bone
  86. Systole
    The period in which the ventricles contract.

    Begins with the S1 and ends with the S2 shorter than distole.
  87. Tartar
    Visible, hard deposit of plaque and dead bacteria that forms at the gum lines.
  88. Can alter the fibers that attach the teeth to the gum and eventually disrupt bone and tissue.
  89. Thrill
    Frequently accompanies a bruit.

    A vibrating sensation like the purring of a cat or water running through a hose.
  90. Tragus
    The Cartilaginous protrusion at the enterance to the ear canal
  91. Tremor
    Involuntary trembling of a limb or body part

    May involve large groups of muscle fibers or small bundles of muscle fibers.
  92. Triangular Fossa
    A depression of the antihelix

    landmark of the auricle of ear
  93. Two-point discrimination
    the sense whether one or two areas of the skin are being stimulated by pressure.
  94. Tympanic membrane
    Eardrum
  95. Tympany
    A musical or drum-like sound produced from an air-filled stomach
  96. Vestibule
    Contains organs of equilibrium.

    found in the inner ear
  97. Visual Acuity
    External part of the eye

    The degree of detail the eye can discern in an image
  98. Visual Fields
    The area an individual can see when looking straight ahead.
  99. Vitiligo
    Patches of hypopigmented skin

    Caused by destruction of melanocytes in the area.

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