test 5

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gabbs1128
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77413
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test 5
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2011-04-05 03:22:42
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test medical terminology
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notes for ch 5 test
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  1. 3 types of blood vessels
    arteries, veins, capillaries
  2. Arteries deff.
    large blood vessel that carry blood away from the heart
  3. Arteroiles deff.
    smaller branches of the arteries
  4. capillaries
    smallest blood vessel
  5. venules
    small veins
  6. veins
    thin walls that carry blood towards the heart
  7. pulminary circulation
    blood picks up oxygen and loses carbon dioxide
  8. pulminary artery - location
    lung
  9. aorta
    single artery in the body
  10. number of chambers in heart
    4
  11. ventricles
    lower chamber of the heart
  12. atria / atrium
    upper chamber
  13. interatria septum
    separates the two upper chambers
  14. interventricular septum
    comes in between the two lower chambers
  15. endocardium
    lines the interior of the heart
  16. myocardium
    middle muscle layer of the heart wall; thickest layer
  17. two phases of heartbeats
    diastole / systole
  18. diastole
    relaxation
  19. systole
    contraction
  20. heart facts
    • 70-80 times per minute
    • audible sounds (lubb-dubb)
  21. lubb
    the closure of the tricuspid
  22. Dubb
    the closure of the aortic valves at the end of systole
  23. Murmur -deff.
    abnormal swishing
  24. Blood pressure instruament
    spygmomanometer
  25. Pericardium
    double-layered membrane surrounding the heart
  26. sinoatrial node (sa node)
    pacemaker of the heart
  27. angi
    vessel
  28. ather
    yellow plaque
  29. brachi
    arm
  30. cron
    heart
  31. myx
    mucus
  32. phleb
    vein
  33. sphygm
    pulse
  34. steth
    chest
  35. thromb
    clot
  36. ven
    vein
  37. arrhythmias
    abnormal heart rhythm
  38. bradychardia
    failure of impulses from the SA node
  39. examples of cardiac arrhythmias
    • bradychardia
    • flutter
    • fibrillation
    • congenital heart disease
  40. flutter deff
    rapid but regular contractions 300 beats per min .
  41. fibrillation
    very rapid,random 350 beats per min.
  42. palpitation
    uncomfortable sensations from irregular heart beats
  43. congenital heart disease- deff.
    abnormaliteis in the heart at birth
  44. Congestive heart failure - deff and symp.
    • heart is unable to pump the required amount of blood
    • high blood preesure
    • weakness
    • difficult breathing
  45. Coronary artery disease
    disease in the artery surrounding the heart
  46. plaque
    atherocle rosis
  47. endocarditis
    inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
  48. hypertensive heart disease
    high blood pressure
  49. mitral valve prolapse
    improper closure of the mitral valve; pertaining to cistole
  50. rheumatic heart disease
    caused by rheumatic fever
  51. aneurysm
    widening of the arterial wall
  52. hypertension
    high blood pressure
  53. essential hypertension
    idiopathic (no identifiable cause)
  54. secondary hypertension
    increase in pressure (example: salt)
  55. cardiac arrest
    sudden unexpected stoppage of the heart action
  56. infraction
    area of dead tissue
  57. lipid test
    measurement of cholesterol and triglycerides
  58. lipoprotein electrophoresis
    physically separated and measured in a blood sample
  59. angiograph
    xray of blood vessles
  60. artiograph
    xray of arteries
  61. doppler ultrasound studies
    soundwaves
  62. echocardiography
    echoes generated by high frequency soundwaves - produces images of the heart
  63. cardiac mri
    radiowave energy and magnetic field
  64. cardiac catherization
    flexible tube into the heart through vein
  65. electrocardiography
    recording of electrical flow through heart
  66. stress test
    exercise tolerant test
  67. bp
    blood pressure
  68. chf
    congestive heart failure
  69. ecg OR EKG
    electro cardio graphy
  70. echo
    echocardiography
  71. htn
    hypertensive
  72. MI
    myocardial infraction
  73. MVP
    mitral valve prolapse
  74. sob
    shortness of breath
  75. alveolus
    air sac in the lung
  76. bronchioles
    smallest branch in the bronchi
  77. bronchus
    branch of the trachea
  78. diaphragm
    muscle separating the chest and abdomen
  79. epiglottis
    cartridge that covers the larynx
  80. glottis
    breathing out
  81. inspiration
    breathing in
  82. larynx
    voice box
  83. pharynx
    throat
  84. pleura
    double folded membrane
  85. respiration
    moving air
  86. trachea
    wind pipe
  87. three divisions of the pharynx
    • nasopharynx
    • oropharynx
    • laryngopharynx
  88. diaphragm - spell it
    SPELL D I A P H R A G M
  89. capn
    carbon dioxide
  90. coni
    dust
  91. lob
    lobe of the lung
  92. mediastin
    mediastinun
  93. nas
    nose
  94. orth
    straight or upright
  95. pector
    chest
  96. phon
    voice
  97. phren
    diaphragm
  98. pneum
    air or lung
  99. spir
    breathing
  100. tel
    complete
  101. thorac
    chest
  102. tonsillectomy
    spell it
  103. dyspnea
    difficulty breathing
  104. paroxysmal
    sudden
  105. hyperpnea
    excessive breathing
  106. auscultation
    listening to the sounds in the body
  107. percussion
    tapping
  108. rales
    crackles - heard during inhallation
  109. sputum
    bronchial
  110. purulent
    puss
  111. stridor
    heard on inspiration in the pharynx or larynx
  112. wheezes
    continuous whistling during breathing
  113. croup
    viral infection of infants and children
  114. epistaxis
    nosebleed
  115. pertussis
    whooping cough (mostly in children)
  116. asthma - def. and symptoms
    • chronic disorder with airway obstruction
    • dyspnea, wheezing and allergins
  117. treatments for asthma 4
    anti-inflammatory, bronchiodilators, leukotriene blockers, trigger avoidances
  118. bronchiectasis
    chronic infection with foul smelling puss
  119. palliative
    non-curative
  120. chronic bronchitis
    inflammation of the bronchi
  121. cystic fibrosis
    inherited disorder of exocrin glands
  122. atelectasis
    without expansion
  123. emphysema - example
    • hyperinflation in the air sacs
    • Example: cigarrette smoking
  124. pneumoconiosi
    • caused by dust or coal
    • asbestos
    • silicosis
  125. pulminary abcess
    large collection of puss
  126. pulminary edema
    fluid in air sac
  127. pulminary embolism
    a clot in the lung
  128. tuberculosis
    SPELL IT
  129. symptoms of tuberculosis
    • cough
    • weight loss
    • night sweats
    • henoptysis
  130. you
    make me smile even when my head hurts
  131. pleural effusion
    abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
  132. inflammation in the pleora - 2
    • pleurisy
    • pleuritis
  133. pneumothorax
    collapsed lung
  134. palliative
    relieving symptoms but not curing disease
  135. thoracentesis
    surgical function to remove fluid from the pleural spaces
  136. stomy
    opening (straw)
  137. tomy
    incision
  138. copd
    chronic obstruction pulminary disease
  139. cxr
    chest x ray
  140. icu
    intensive care unit
  141. pe
    pulminary embolism
  142. uri
    upper respiratory infection

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