Animal Biology Tarleton
Card Set Information
Animal Biology Tarleton
What type of epithelium would you expect to find covering a surface subject to physical forces?
What type of epithelial tissue, found in the intestines, absorbs nutrients?
simple columnar epithelium
Which tissues are found in the lungs, permits gas exchange by diffusion?
simple squamous epithelium
What type of epithelial tissue lines kidney tubules?
simple cuboidal cells
How does connective tissue differ from the other three major tissue types?
Connective tissue often consists of relatively few cells embedded in an extracellular matrix.
Which of these describes loose connective tissue?
It is a loose weave of fibers that functions as a packing material.
Cartilage is found _____.
at the ends of bones such as the femur.
_____ is the connective tissue specialized for transport.
What type of muscle is responsible for contractions of the digestive tract and arteries?
Cardiac muscle is the only muscle composed of _____ fibers.
_____ muscle is attached to bones.
A neuron consists of _____
dendrites, a cell body, and axons
Nervous tissue functions _____.
to sense stimuli
When digested, proteins are broken down into _____.
When digested, fats are broken down into _____.
both glycerol and fatty acids
Starch is a type of _____.
Your small intestine can absorb ____ without their being further digested.
Which of these enzymes begins the breakdown of starch?
Starch can be broken down into the disaccharide known as _____.
Protein digestion begins in the _____.
What is the main component of gastric juice?
_____ is secreted by the _____ and acts to emulsify _____ in the _____.
Bile ... liver ... fats ... small intestine
What acid is responsible for stomach acidity?
Most mechanical processing of food occurs in the _____.
oral cavity and stomach
Which lists the major segments of the alimentary canal in the correct order?
oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine.
in the oral cavity, salivary amylase helps break down _____;in the stomach, pepsin helps break down _____;and in the small intestine, bile helps break down _____.
starches; proteins; fats and oils
Absorption of food monomers occurs primarily in the _____.
Chyme enters the small intestine from the stomach. At this point, _____.
mechanical digestion is essentially complete, but the other processes are ongoing or have not yet begun