33 surgery

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33 surgery
2011-07-17 02:24:10

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  1. referes to the treatment of injury disease or deformaty through invasive operative methods
  2. surgery that presents little risk to life
    minor surgery
  3. surgery that involves risk to life
    major surgery
  4. a major stressor for clients
  5. indiactions for performing surgery
    • diagnostic
    • curative
    • palliative
    • restorative
    • cosmetic
  6. surgery to improve appearance or change shape
    cosmetic surgery
  7. surgery for strengtheneing a weakened area
    restorative surgery
  8. surgery to relieve symptoms wihtout curing a disease
    palliative surgery
  9. surgery to remove a diseased body part or replace to restore function
  10. surgery to determine cause of symptom
  11. time during the decision for surgery adn ends with the transfer to the operating table
    preoperative phase
  12. most common fear related to surgery
    fear of the unknown
  13. preoperative assesment includes
    lab values, diagnostic tests, and screenings
  14. what form must be signed by the client before surgery
    informed consent
  15. preoperative physiological assessments include
    age, nutritional status, fluid adn electrolyte status, resp status, cardio status, renal/hepatic status, neuro status
  16. when are enemas givin for surgery
    the night before
  17. particular attention is given to what for surgery
    right and left operative sites
  18. why is makeup removed for surgery
    so skin color is observed
  19. what is the temperature for the OR
    cool 66-68 degrees fahrenheit
  20. how should surgical team members be dressed
    sterile dressed
  21. team members dressed in nonsterile attire
    anasthsiologist and circulating nurse
  22. team member responsible for management of personnel, equipment, supplies, environement and communication
    circulation nurse
  23. sterile scrubbed team members include
    surgeon, first assistant and scrub nurse
  24. these are responsibilites of the ______

    perform homeostasis, tissue retraction and wound closure
    first assistant
  25. team member responsibilty to maintain integrity, efficacy and safety of sterile field
    scrub nurse
  26. abscense of pathogenic microorganisms
  27. a type of sterile technique a scrub nurse may use
    aseptic technique
  28. when should a sterile hand scrub be performed
    before gowning and gloving
  29. how must an iodine scrub be administered adn completed
    a generous amount must be applied in a circular motion from in to out
  30. goal of post anasthesia nursing care is
    promote recovery
  31. time that begins with end of surgical procedure until discharge
    postoperative phase
  32. how often should the nurse check vital signs if they are normal after surgery
    every 15 mins
  33. how often should a nurse check unstable vital signs after surgery
    every 5 mins
  34. vital signs are assessed every:
    • 15 mins for 1 hour
    • every 30 mins for 2 hours
    • and every hour for 4 hours
  35. major principle in cleaning surgical incisions
    use standard precaution and use sterile swab working in to out adn top to bottom
  36. defined as surgical care performed under general, regional, or local anesthesia involving less than 24 hour hospitalization
    ambulatory surgery
  37. what is the health care trend
    to promote wellness
  38. who are most at risk for developing complications after surgery
    elderly clients
  39. how can a nurse help prevent clots DVT adn embolisms
    encouarge ambulation and post op exercises or providing antiembolic stockings
  40. teaching methods that a nurse uses influences what?
    the degree of learning adn retention
  41. what does hemoglobon and hematocrit test for?
    measure of blood weight
  42. BUN and creatnine tests for:
    kidney function
  43. PT, INR, PTT test for:
    blood clotting ability
  44. ALT (alanine aminotransferase)
    AST (aspartate aminotransferase)
    tests for:
    metabolization of medications
  45. nutritional status for surgery can determine
    wound healing abilities
  46. clients with chornic respiratory problems are more likely to develop:
    atelectasis and pneumonia
  47. before surgery what should be checked or assessed
  48. what is the goal for postanesthesia care
    promote recovery from anesthesia