12 skin meds

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Author:
carolyn
ID:
77552
Filename:
12 skin meds
Updated:
2011-04-05 11:04:52
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pharm
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pharm
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  1. 8 categories – topical skin preparations:
    Protectants/Emollients - Antipruritics Keratolytics - Acne Agents -

    • Scabicides Antifungals - Local anti-infective
    • Enzymatics
  2. Treatment: soothe, protect & seal out wetness for conditions such as diaper rash, irritation, abrasions, & minor burns
    Protectants/Emollients
  3. Protectants/Emollients meds
    Topical ointments – A&D & Desitin
  4. Treatment: SHORT-TERM to relieve itching/discomfort from dermatitis (rashes) associated w/ allergic reactions, poison ivy, hives & insect bites.
    Antipruritics
  5. Antipruritics meds
    Lanacaine, Benzocaine “-caine’s” (Local Anesthetics)

    Benadryl (antihistamines)

    Kenalog, Topicort (corticosteroids)
  6. antipruretic SE
    • allergic reaction
    • skin irritation, rash
    • sedation from antihistamines
    • stinging/burning sensation
  7. antipruretic CI
    • open wounds – delays healing
    • prolonged use (SHORT TERM USE ONLY)
    • hypersensitivity
  8. antipruretic PE
    avoid covering w/ dressings unless directed by physician trim children’s fingernails to reduce infection from scratching
  9. Treatment: -avoid prolonged use (SHORT TERM ONLY)
    -controls abnormal scaling of the skin such as dandruff, seborrhea & psoriasis
    -promotes peeling of the skin in conditions such as acne, hard corns, calluses & warts
    keratolytics
  10. keratolytics meds
    • Compound W
    • clearasil (salicylic acids)
    • Neutrogena (coal tar)
  11. keratolytics SE
    • Photosensitivity
    • Irritation to eyes & mucous membranes
    • Severe skin irritation
    • Systemic effects in allergic pts or w/ multiple apps
    • prolonged use
  12. CI keratolytics
    • open skin
    • hypersensitivity
  13. Treatment: Treatment of type 1 – type 4 acne
    acne agents
  14. acne agent meds
  15. Meds:
    • Type 1 (mild nonprescription topical) - sulfure, salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide
    • Type 2 (prescribed topical antibiotics) – tetracycline, erythromycin
    • Type 3 (course of oral antibiotics) – tetracycline, erythromycin w/ addt’l meds
    • Type 4 (no response to topical therapy; systemic hormones “BCP” & retinoids “accutane”)
  16. SE acne agent
    skin irritation
  17. PE acne agent
    avoid drugs w/ sulfa (makes you more sensitive to sunlight)
  18. Treatment: Treats scabies & lice
  19. Scabicies & Pediculicides
  20. scbies medication
    permethrin, lindane (systemic)
  21. lice meds
    RID (pyrethrin)
  22. CI Scabicies & Pediculicides
    • acutely inflamed, raw surfaces
    • pregnancy, lactation, children, elderly
    • pts weight less than 110 lbs.
    • uncontrolled seizures
  23. PE scabecides
    caution w/ infants who suck their thumbs
  24. treatment for Monilial infections (candidiasis) such as thrush, diaper rash, vaginitis, athlete’s foot, jock itch
    antifungal
  25. antifungal meds
    Lamisil, Lotrimin, Mycostatin, Monistat
  26. Treatment: prevents & treats infection
    Local anti-infectives
  27. inhibits bacteria growth
    bacteriostatic
  28. chemicals that kill bacteria (for inanimate objets only)
    bactericidal
  29. antiseptic meds used for surgical scrubs & bacteriostatic skin cleansers
    • chlorihexidine
    • povidone-iodine
  30. Treatment: inhibits bacteria growth
    includes disinfectants
    antiseptic

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