History Test 3

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samanthaburnham
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77555
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History Test 3
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2011-04-06 23:19:46
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  1. "a return to the way of life before World War I"
    Normalcy
  2. Hoover vs. Smith
    Hoover won.
    Election of 1928
  3. Suffered poliitcally from anti-catholic prejudice, his anti-prohibitionist stance and the legacy of the corruption of Tammany Hall
    Alfred Smith
  4. was a severe worldword economic depression in the decade preceding World War II
    The Great Depression
  5. It was the longest, most widespread, and deepest depression of the 20th century
    The Great Depression
  6. Used as an example of how far the worlds economy can decline
    The Great Depression
  7. Orignated in the US starting with the fall in stock prices and became worldwide news with the stock market crash after that it spread to almost every country in the world
    The Great Depression
  8. Effected every country, rich and poor. Personal income, tax revenue, profits and prices dropped while international trade plunged by 1/2 to 2/22
    Unemployment in the US rose to 25% and in some countries rose as high as 33%
    The Great Depression
  9. Farming and rural areas suffered as crop prices fell by approximately 60%
    Great Depression
  10. Were well-known outlaws, robbers and criminals who traveled the Central United States with their gang during the Great Depression.
    Bonnie and Clyde
  11. Their exploits captured the attention of the American public during the "public enemy era" between 1931 and 1934
    Bonnie and Clyde
  12. Preferred to rob small stores or rural gas stations, believed to have killed at least nine police officers and committed sereval civilian murders.
    Bonnie and Clyde
  13. They were ambushed and killed in Louisana by Law officers.
    Bonnie and Clyde
  14. An influential self-made newspaper publisher
    Warren G. Harding
  15. His conservatism, affable manner, and "make no enemies" campaign strategy made him the compromise choice at the 1920 Republican National Convention
    Warren G. Harding
  16. In the aftermath of WWI he promised a return of the nation to "normalcy"
    Warren G. Harding
  17. Encouraged industrialization and a strong economy independent of foreign incluence,
    Warren G. Harding
  18. Spurned the League of Nations and signed a separate peace treaty with Germany and Austria, formally ending WWI,s
    Warren G. Harding
  19. signed the 1st child welfare program and dealt with the striking workers in the mining and railroad industrie
    Warren G. Harding
  20. originally a professional mining engineer and author
    Herbert Hoover
  21. He promoted partnerships between government and business under the rubric "economic modernization"
    Herbert Hoover
  22. Believed in the Efficiency Movement which held that government and the economy were riddled with inefficiency and waste and could be improved by experts who could identify the problems and solve them
    Herbert Hoover
  23. The Wall Street Crash of 1929, an American stock market crash
    Black Tuesday
  24. Was an independent agency of the US government, established and chartered by the US congress in 1932 during the administration of President Herbert Hoover
    Reconstruction Finance Corporation
  25. It was modeled after the War Finance CO of WWI , gave 2 billion in aid to state and local governments and made loans to banks railroads mortgage associations and other business.
    Reconstruction Finance Corporation
  26. a period of severe dust storms causing major ecological and agriculture damage to American and Canadian praire lands from 1930 to 1936
    Dust Bowl
  27. caused by severe drought coupled with decades of extensive farming without crop rotation fallow fields cover crops or other tecniques to prevent erosion
    Dust Bowl
  28. teenage boys accused of rape in Alabama in 1931
    The Scottsboro Nine
  29. The landmark set of legal cases from this incident dealth with racism and the right to a fair trial.
    The Scottsboro Nine
  30. The case includes a frameup, all-white jury, rushed trials, an attempted lynching, angry mob, and miscarriage of justice
    The Scottsboro Nine
  31. A central figure in world events during the mid-20th century, leading the US during a time of worldwide economic crisis and world war
    Franklin D. Roosevelt
  32. Worked with Churchill and Stalin in leading the Allies against Germany and Japan in WWII
    Franklin D. Roosevelt
  33. Launched major legislation and a profusion of executive orders that gave form to the New Deal
    Franklin D. Roosevelt
  34. a complex, interlocking set of programs designed to produce relief, recovery, and reform.
    The New Deal
  35. Gave WWI strong diplomatatic and financial support to China and Britian, while remaining nuetral, Goal was to make America "Arsenal of Democracy"
    Franklin D. Roosevelt
  36. “Interregnum of despair”
    Written by Hoover
  37. part of a term during a presidency of a president of the US. that measure the successes and accomplishments of a president during the time their power and influence is at its greatest.
    The first hundred days
  38. this was the first election in 56 years in which the Democratic candidate won a majority of the popular vote
    Election of 1932
  39. By FDR during the Great Depression, it allowed a plan that would close down insolvent banks and reorganize and reopen those banks strong enough to survive
    Emergency Banking Act
  40. Restricted agricultural production in the New Deal era by paying farmers subsidies not to plant part of their land and to kill off excess livestock
    Agricultural Adjustment Act
  41. Its purpose was to reduce crop surplus so as to effectively raise the value of crops thereby a portion of thier feilds lie fallow. the money for these subsides was genereated through an exclusive tax on co. which processed farm products
    Agricultural Adjustment Act
  42. The Act created a new agency to oversee the distribution of the subsidies, it is considered the 1st modern US farm bill
    Agricultural Adjustment Act
  43. It provides deposit insurance which guarantees the safety of deposits in member banks.
    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
  44. examines and supervises certain financial institution for safetly and soundness, performs cetain consumer-protection functions and manages banks in receivership (failed banks)
    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
  45. was a public work relief program in the US for unemployed, unmarried men, ages 18-25 between 1933-42
    Civilian Conservation Corps
  46. provided unskilled manual labor jobs related to the conservation and development of natural resources in raral lands owned by federal, state and local government
    Civilian Conservation Corps
  47. This was designed to provide employment for young men in relief families who had difficulty finding jobs during the Great Depression while at the same time implementing a general natural resource conservation program in every state and territory
    Civilian Conservation Corps
  48. allowed industries to get together and write "codes of fair competion" these codes were intended to reduce destructive competition and to help workers by setting min wages and max weekly hours
    National Recovery Act
  49. was established by the New Deal during the Great Depression to create manual labor jobs for millions of unemployed. The jobs were merely temporary, for the duration of the hard winter
    Civilian Works Administration
  50. Hopkins was in charge of the organization
    Civilian Works Administration
  51. the largest and most ambitious New Deal agency, employing millions to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads, and operated large arts, drama, media and literacy projects.
    Works Project Administration
  52. Fed children and redistributed food, clothing and housing.
    Works Project Administration
  53. One of FDR closest advisers. He was one of the architects of the New Deal especially the relief programs of the WPA
    Harry Hopkins
  54. directed and built the largest employer in the country (WPA)
    Harry Hopkins
  55. A british author and expert on wine. (wine writer)
    Hugh Johnson
  56. publicity campaign to boost what he called "industrial self-government"
    The Blue Eagle Campaign
  57. to provide navigation, flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing, and economic development, in a region particularly affected by the Great Depression
    The Tennessee Valley Authority
  58. This became a model for America's governmental efforts to modernize Third World agrarian societies.
    The Tennessee Valley Authority
  59. limits the means with which employers may react to workers in the private sector who create labor unions, engage in collective bargaining, and take part in strikes and other forms of concerted activity in support of their demands
    The Wagner Act
  60. Attempt to limit what were seen as dangers in the modern American life, including old age, poverty, unemployment, and the burdens of widows and fatherless children
    Social Security Act
  61. Democrat, he was noted for his radical populist policies created the Share Our Wealth program
    Huey Long
  62. "Every man a king" proposing new wealth redistribution measures in the form of a net asset tax on corporations and individuals to curb the poverty and hopelessness endemic nationwide during to the GP
    Huey Long
  63. Movement begun during the GD by Huey Long
    "Share Our Wealth” plan
  64. An American physician who was best known for his revolving old-age pension proposal during the GD "Townsend Plan" <--- this proposal influenced the establishment Roosevelt administration's SS system
    Francis Townsend
  65. One of the first political leaders to use radio to reach a mass audience; as more than 30 million tuned into his weekly broadcast
    Charles Coughlin
  66. Announced a new political organization called the "Nation's Union of Social Justice"
    Charles Coughlin
  67. To obtain favorable rulings regarding New Deal legislation that had been previously ruled unconstitutional
    Court-packing scheme
  68. "wagners act" limits the means with which employers may react to workers in the private sector who create labor unions, engage in collective bargaining and take part in strikes and other forms of concerted activity in support of their demands
    National Labor Relations Act
  69. a conference attended by 9 nations having interests in the Pacific Ocean and East Asia.
    Washington Armaments Conference
  70. it was the 1st international conference held in the US and the the first successful disarmament conference in histroy
    Washington Armaments Conference
  71. Renounced aggressive war, prohibiting the use of war as "an instrument of national policy" except in matters of self-defense" It made no provisions for sanctions.
    Kellogg-Briand Pact
  72. Result of a determind American effort to avoid involvement in the European alliance system
    Kellog-Briand Pact










    • Kellog-BriandPactKellog-Briand
    • Pact










    Kellog-BriandPact
  73. a foreign policy adopted by a nation in which the country refuses to enter into any alliances, foreign trade or economic commitments, or international agreements in hope of focusing all of it resources into advancement within its own borders while remaining at peace with foreign countries by avoiding all entanglements of foreign agreements;
    isolationism
  74. main principle was that of non-intervention and non-interence in the domestic affairs of Latin America
    Good Neighbor Policy









    Kellog-BriandPact
  75. Sought to create new economic opportunities in the form of reciprocal trade aggreements and reassert the influence of America in Latin America
    Good Neighbor Policy
  76. Recieved the Nobel Prize for his role in establishing the United Nations
    Cordell Hull
  77. "Father of the United Nations"
    Cordell Hull
  78. A committe of This US Senate whcih studied the causes of US involvment in WWI
    Nye Committee
  79. Significant because it heightening public and political support for neutrality in the early stages of WWII
    Nye Committee
  80. led the National Fascist Party and is credited with being one of the key figures in creation of Fascism
    Benito Mussolini
  81. a radical, authoritarian nationalist political ideology, seek to organize a nation according to corporatist perspectives values and systems
    Fascism
  82. a pact concluded between Nazi Germany and Empire of Japan and was directed against the communist international
    Comintern Pact
  83. "link - up"
    Anschluss
  84. an agreement permitting the Nazi German annexation of Czech
    The Munich Agreement of 1938
  85. Neutrality Acts

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