FUNCTIONS OF PROTEINS

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Author:
FlawlessEra
ID:
77575
Filename:
FUNCTIONS OF PROTEINS
Updated:
2011-04-05 13:41:30
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PROTEIN FUNCTIONS ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
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FUNCTIONS OF PROTEINS
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  1. FUNCTION of STRUCTURAL PROTEINS
    provide structural components
  2. Provide EXAMPLES of STRUCTURAL PROTEINS
    collagen in tendons and cartilageKeratin in hair, skin, wool, and nails
  3. FUNCTION of CONTRACTILE PROTEINS
    moves muscles
  4. Provide EXAMPLES of CONTRACTILE PROTEINS
    myosin and actin contract muscle fibers
  5. FUNCTION of TRANSPORT PROTEINS
    carry essential substances throughout body
  6. Provide EXAMPLES of TRANSPORT PROTEINS
    • hemoglobin tansports oxygen
    • lipoproteins transport lipids
  7. FUNCTION of STORAGE PROTEINS
    store nutrients
  8. Provide EXAMPLES of STORAGE PROTEINS
    • casein stores protein in milk
    • ferritin stores iron in the spleen and liver.
  9. FUNCTION HORMONE PROTEINS
    regulate body metabolism and nervous system
  10. Provide EXAMPLES of HORMONE PROTEINS
    • insulin regulates blood glucose level
    • growth hormone regulates body growth
  11. FUNCTION ENZYME PROTEINS
    catalyze biochemical reactions in the cells
  12. Provide EXAMPLES of ENZYME PROTEINS
    • sucrase catalyzes the hydrolysis of sucrose
    • trypsin catalyzes the hydrolysis of proteins.
  13. FUNCTION PROTECTION PROTEINS
    recognize and destroy foreign substances
  14. Provide EXAMPLES of PROTECTON PROTEINS
    immunoglobulins stimulate immune responses.

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