Artic Test #3 Review

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Artic Test #3 Review
2011-04-06 02:07:50
Articulation Disorders Test Review

Review for Articulation Test #3
Show Answers:

  1. What is the term used to describe the current state of behavior?
  2. A structured opportunity to produce a target is called ________?
    discrete trial
  3. What is the term used to describe stimuli that is designed to elicit a response?
  4. What do you call any skill that you are trying to teach a client?
    a target behavior
  5. A target behavior must have three things. What are they?
    Target behaviors must have a beginning, an end, and they must be measurable.
  6. What technique makes use of a reinforcement menu?
    token economy
  7. What is it called when all responses are reinforced?
    Continuous reinforcement
  8. When dealing with reinforcement, what deals more with periods of time than with numbers of responses?
  9. What is the term for the number of responses that are required before you get reinforcement?
    Ratio schedule
  10. What type of reinforcement does not reinforce all correct responses?
  11. What is it called when too many responses are required before reinforcement is given?
    Ratio strain
  12. What is it called when all opportunities for reinforcement have been removed from the situation?
    Time out
  13. In a traditional approach, the extension of a learned behavior to another setting is called what?
  14. In a traditional approach, what is it called when you retain a learned skill after therapy is complete?
  15. What is it called when a series of simple behaviors leads to a complex behavior?
  16. Words pairs that differ by one phoneme or one feature?
    Minimal pair
  17. Criteria for dismissal are what kinds of goals?
    Terminal goals
  18. Using the Traditional Approach-what is the stage where you do not require the client to produce the sound?
    Sensory perceptual
  19. The purpose of this stage in the traditional approach is to develop the ability to produce the sound quickly and accurately
  20. Signaling, simultaneous talking and writing are ways that you can get ___?
    Word production, must be stable at syllable level first
  21. Speech assignments in a nucleus situation are methods used at what phases?
    Transfer and carry over
  22. Slow motion speech, the corrective set and role playing are used to establish production at what level?
    Sentences level
  23. The distinctive feature approach is not appropriate for what type of errors?
    Omissions and distortions
  24. Distinctive feature therapy is appropriate for what type of error?
  25. With these errors [t/s, p/f, b/v] what feature am I missing?
  26. To train this, you say a word, wait a couple of seconds, and then show a picture...
    Auditory memory
  27. This approach uses whole word analysis...
    systematic multiple phoneme approach
  28. This approach uses key words, training words, and a picture board...
    paired stimuli
  29. This approach uses pairs of sounds that are different from each other in manner, place and voice...
    maximal contrast
  30. This approach uses large #s of maximal contrast to select the target...
    multiple oppositions/multiple contrasts
  31. In a phonological process approach, each cycle targets what?
    All the patterns that need remediation
  32. The goal of the phonological approach is to eliminate what?
    instability and homonyms
  33. Thinking about the systematic multiple phoneme approach, what is the most difficult level?
    Level A-visual
  34. What type(s) of targets does the traditional approach focus on?
    One or two sounds, particularly cognate pairs
  35. Regardless of which approach you use, there is one thing that is consistently a factor that you want to think about when selecting your target. What is it?
    Chronological age
  36. An example of something the text describes as an inappropriate communication behavior is ____?
  37. A conditioned generalized reinforcer is based on what?
    Previous experience