Card Set Information
Characteristic chemical groups help determine properties organic compounds
Characteristic chemical groups help determine the properties of organic compounds
What molecules are in a Hydroxyl group
What molecules are in a carbonyl group
What molecules are in a carboxyl group
What molecules are in a amino group
What molecules are in a phosphate group?
What molecules are in a methyl group
What are the 5 functional groups?
Are the 5 functional groups polar? Why
yes, their oxygen or nitrogen atoms exert a strong pull on shared electrons
What is hydrophilic? what does it render molecules as?
Water-loving, therefore soluble in water
Is the methyl group polar or non polar
What does the hydroxyl group contain?
hydrogen atom bonded to an oxygen atom
What are organic compounds containing a hydroxl group called?
What is contained in a carbonyl group?
a carbon atom linked by a double bond to an oxygen atom
If the carbonyl group is at the end of a carbon skeleton is it called _______
What is a carboxyl group consist of?
carbon double-bonded to a hydroxyl group
How does the carboxyl group serve as an acid?
by contributing an H+
What is an amino group consist of?
nitrogen bonded to two hydrogen atoms and the carbon skeleton
How does the amino group act as a base?
by picking up an H+
What does the phosphate group consist of?
phosphorus atom bonded to 4 oxygen atoms
is a phosphate group ionized?
How is a phosphate group abbreviated
as P in a circle
Compounds with phosphate groups are called what?
What are compounds with phosphate groups (organic phosphates) involved in?
Energy transfers as is the energy compound ATP
What does a methyl group consist of?
carbon bonded to 3 hydrogens