Mod 1 Maternity and Pediactrics

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Mod 1 Maternity and Pediactrics
2011-04-06 17:07:26
Pain Mangement

Pain Management in Children
Show Answers:

  1. Pain in children can lead to serious physical and emotional consequences such as increased oxygen consumption and alterations in blood glucose metabolism.
  2. List the physiologic events of pain.
    • Transduction
    • Transmission
    • Perception
    • Modulation
  3. Peripheral nerve fibers extend from the spinal cord to various locations in and throughout the body's tissues, such as skin, joints, bones, and membranes covering the internal organs.
  4. Give definition of Nociceptors.
    specialized receptors located at the end of the peripheral nerve fibers that become activated when thay are exposed to noxious stimuli.
  5. List forms of noxious stimuli
    • mechanical
    • chemical
    • thermal
  6. What type of noxious stimuli is intense pressure to an area, a strong muscular contraction, or an extensive pressure due to muscular overstretching.
    Mechanical stimuli
  7. Stimuli that involves the release of mediators , such as histamine, prostaglandins, leukotrienes or bradykinin, as a respone to tissue trauma, ischemia, or inflammation is considered which type of noxious stimuli?
    chemical stimulation
  8. Thermal stimuli involves what?
    extreme heat or cold
  9. Transduction
    Nociceptor being activated by thermal stimuli
  10. Transmission of pain
    electrical impulses are relayed along the peripheral nerves to the spinal cord and brain.