Chapter 11

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Chapter 11
2011-04-06 19:27:27

Albert Bandura and Walter Mischel
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  1. Psychoanalytic Theory
    consistency is indentified by a trained analyst
  2. Trait Theory
    consistency comes from genetics
  3. Behavior Theory
    consistency results from the enviornment
  4. Behavior is not....
  5. Consistency Paradox
    Persistent belief human behavior is more consistent than is indicated by experimental evidence
  6. Social Cognitive Theory
    • An interactionist approach
    • social origins of human thought and actions
  7. Cognitive
    contribution of thought processes to human motivation affect and action
  8. Reciprocal determinism
    person, environment, and behavior variables that continuously interact with one another
  9. Encoding Strategies
    how we see/ interpret things
  10. Expectanices
    what we think will happen
  11. behavior-outcome expectancy
    if i do this, this will result
  12. stimulus outcome expectancy
    when event A occurs event B will follow
  13. self efficacy
    what a person is capable of doing
  14. Percieved self efficacy
    what a person believes that they are capable of doing
  15. subjective values
    what is worth having or doing?
  16. Self-regulatory systems and plans:
    how do we attain our goals?
  17. Competencies
    • what are we capable of doing
    • the subskills individuals have that allow them to achieve their goals
  18. Observational Learning
    • we learn what we observe
    • requires no reinforcement
  19. Attentional Processes
    • influenced by different enviornmental characteristics
    • characteristics observed by watching models
    • characteristics of the perciever
  20. retentional processes
    transfer info from short term to long term memory
  21. motivational processes
    what is or is not worth doing
  22. Most human behavior is...
    self- regulated
  23. Performance standards
    you decided how you will complete a task
  24. Self- exonerating mechanisms
    (see notebook for descriptions of the each)
    • moral justification
    • Euphemistic labeling
    • Advantageous Comparison
    • Displacement of Responsibility
    • Diffusion of repsonsibility
    • disregard or diffusion of consequences
    • dehumanization
    • attribution of blame
  25. Delay of Gratification
    • necessary for civilization
    • self control
    • research performed with 4 and 5 year olds asking them if they would like their cookie now or if they waited they woudl recieve 2 cookies.
    • can learn how to delay gratification through modeling
  26. Psychopathology
    • psychological problems result from psychological expectancies
    • ~~inconsistencies between self-efficacy and percieved self-efficacy