Card Set Information
Congress Vocabulary for Test
A proposed law
When members of
Congress solve problems for constituents, especially problems involving
An informal group of
members of Congress who share an interest in the same issues and informally work
together to achieve their shared goals. Ex. – Congressional Hispanic
– A rule established
by the House Rules committee that prohibits bills from being amended during
debate on the floor of the House.
– A vote to end debate
in the Senate and bring a bill to a vote; requires 60 votes.
– Committee (composed
of both Senators and House members) created to reach a compromise between House
and Senate versions of the same bill.
– The people
represented by a particular member of Congress. For example, House
member Scott Rigell’s constituents are the people of the Second District of
Earmarks / Pork
– Money directed to a very
specific program or cause; ex. money for the construction of an indoor rain
forest. Used by incumbents to gain
Debating an issue indefinitely
in order to prevent a vote; only used in the Senate.
– The right of
members of Congress to mail non-campaign material for free.
– When a state
legislature draws Congressional (House) district lines to benefit a particular
House Rules Committee
The House committee
that decides what rules will govern debate of a bill on the floor of the
House. The Rules committee can place limits on the length of the
debate, limit amendments, or may refuse to schedule a bill for a vote
–When the House
brings charges against a president or judge in an attempt to remove him or her
from office. After impeachment, a trial takes place in the Senate.
– A member of
Congress running for reelection
– Congress’ power to
review the actions of the executive branch to determine whether it is enforcing
Congress’ laws as intended. For example,
a Congressional hearing on progress on the implementation of the health care
Vote trading; “I’ll
vote for your bill if you vote for mine.”
House districts in
which candidates tend to win by narrow margins in close elections.
– A session at the
committee or subcommittee level where a bill is amended (changed).
An order from the
House Rules Committee that allows a bill to be amended during debate on the
floor of the House (as opposed to during committee).
The process of
allotting seats in the House to each state following a
census. States that have gained population might gain
representatives and states that have lost population might lose
representatives, but the total number of House members will always remain at
When a state
legislature redraws the Congressional district lines within its state
An expression of Congressional
opinion; ex. congratulations to the Super Bowl Champion Green Bay Packers.
– House districts in
which incumbents tend to win by margins of 55 percent or more.
committees that have the power to approve or reject bills. For example, the House Agriculture Committee.
– A member of Congress who acts
as a liaison between the party leaders and the party members in Congress; keeps
members in line.