March 21 Study Test

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harstanner
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77971
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March 21 Study Test
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2011-04-07 23:32:13
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March Study Test
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Study Test for March 21
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  1. they are substances that provoke a specific immune response from the body
    Antigens
  2. This is the body’s ability to keep us free from disease by properly reacting to antigens
    Immunity
  3. they are something that we produce in a response to an antigen

    Antibodies
    Antibodies
  4. This is an immune system created by T-cells
    Cell Mediated Immunity
  5. They differentiate into 2 types (T & B cells)
    Lymphocytes
  6. This has been acquired in a natural way by receiving antibodies that will fight the bug
    Natural Passive Immunity
  7. It is the first nutrition an animal or a baby receives when it is born
    Colostrum
  8. They do not produce antibodies and they act against foreign agents or antigens in different ways. They can activate other immune systems or release signaling molecules
    T Cells
  9. They are produced in the red bone marrow and are majority mature there. From here they migrate to lymph tissue and organs
    B Cells
  10. They are first produced in response to an infection initially and found in the mothers milk. They are the first on the scene
    IgM
  11. Once each ___________ cell has been marked it
    can only produce antibodies for the specific antigen
    B
  12. This is clumping together making them less effective at multiplying, enter cells or doing their damage
    Agglutination
  13. Is the coating of the antigen to mark it for destruction
    Opsonization
  14. is referred to amount of specific antibodies in the plasma
    Titer
  15. Is when it blocks it from being able to stick to your mucosa make them the washed
    Neutralization
  16. ______________ empties into the nasopharynx
    Nasal Cavity
  17. would be performed in the trachea
    Tracheotomy
  18. Is the air that remains in the lungs as dead air space
    Residual Volume
  19. Have 3 lobes on the right side and 2 on the left leaving room for the heart
    Lungs
  20. Is the material lining the lungs
    Surfactant
  21. Lines the lung cavity
    Pleura
  22. Are small molecules that elicit an immune response only when attached to a larger carrier such as protein
    Hapten
  23. Is an overwhelming infection of a foreign agent (antigen) or failure of the immune system to act properly or efficiently
    Disease
  24. Is being exposed to a disease or antigens themselves; like the chicken pox or measles
    Natural Active Acquired Immunity
  25. The ______________ makes it artificial
    Vaccine
  26. Is blood derived fluid containing antibodies
    Antiserum
  27. They are proteins produced by the body in a response to an antigen
    Antibodies
  28. They would be bacteria, virus, fungus, protozoa, worms or pollen. They are generally a large protein molecule or a polysaccharide molecule.
    Antigen
  29. Which is also known as Humeral Immunity and involves the B cells that come from lymphocytes or WBC
    Antibody Mediated Immunity
  30. Most t lymphocytes will migrate to the ____________ when they mature
    Thymus
  31. Antibodies are referred to as
    Immunol Globulins
  32. is the immunity acquired from a vaccine
    Artificial Active Immunity
  33. An example of ____________________ would be breast milk or thru the placenta while developing
    Natural Passive Immunity
  34. Are found mostly in the blood and also in mother’s milk
    IgD
  35. Consists of over 30 different proteins that are produce by the liver
    Compliment System
  36. Penicillin is a _________________. You can be
    allergic to penicillin. This is possible because in some individuals you have enzymes that allow the penicillin to combine with serum proteins.
    Hapten
  37. the _______________ is what keeps the
    immunity game fair
    antigen marker
  38. are the majority of the antibodies floating in the blood. (about 80%). They help neutralize toxins in the bold and enhance phagocytosis helping WBC;s do their job
    IgG
  39. _________________________________________
    is immunity gamma globulins
    Artificial Acquired Passive
  40. Are on the mucosal surface of the body and are found in your saliva and tears
    IgA
  41. is produced before milk. It is loaded with antibodies in hopes of jump starting the infant with an immune system
    Colostrum
  42. are involved with allergic reactions. They bind to the basophiles and mast cells causing them to release histamine
    IgE
  43. The nose is separated by
    Septum
  44. Empties into the nasal cavity
    Lacrimal ducts
  45. Bronchial Tree branch into secondary bronchi also know as
    Bronchioles
  46. Lobes are divided into
    Lobules
  47. Keeps the lungs from collapsing
    Surfactant
  48. Is the maximum amount of air a person can exhale after taking the largest or deepest inhalation possible
    Vital Capacity
  49. Connects to the primary bronchi and bifurcates into 2 primary bronchi
    Trachea
  50. Throat box or voice box
    Larynogopharynx
  51. Apes of the windpipe
    Adams apple
  52. Prevents food from entering the trachea
    Epiglottis
  53. Is the amount of air that moves in and out with relaxed breathing
    Tidal
  54. Is adhered to the lungs
    Visceral Pleural
  55. is created by the rib cage that forms the top and the sides of the cavity. The diaphragm is at the bottom
    Lung Cavity
  56. Antigens small than 10,000 molecular weight on their own can’t create a molecular immune response that is referred to as a ___________________
    Hapten
  57. Would be an immunity that we actively acquire
    Natural Active Acquired Immunity
  58. There are 5 types that the body produces that helps the WBC do their job (GMADE)
    Immunol Globulins
  59. This process of producing antibodies starts when a B cell or lymphocyte is exposed to an extracellular antigen
    Antibody Mediated Immunity
  60. These cells can kill unwanted microbes
    T cells
  61. They stay inactive until they come into contact with an antigen. They then divide many times into clones called plasma cells
    B cells
  62. Would be tonsils, appendix, lymph nodes, peyer’s patch (inside the small intestine), spleen (white pulp)
    Lymph tissue
  63. Alerts the phagocytes (from WBC) to know there is something to eat
    Opsonization
  64. The cells are more effective than the B lymphocytes against fungi, protozoa, worms and are also better at fighting cancer
    T Cells
  65. Your body can produce over 100 million different types of ____________ in your lifetime
    Antibodies
  66. Live only a couple of days but each cell produces approximately 2000 antibodies per second
    Plasma cell
  67. Once antibodies are release from the cell they will go and attach to the antigen or the
    Antigenic Determine Site (ADS)
  68. B cells divide many times into clones called ____________
    Plasma cells
  69. Is inside the small intestines
    Peyer’s patch
  70. 1st exposure is considered the
    Primary response
  71. Are not what makes us sick, it is the toxins or the poisons they release
    Microbes
  72. It also blocks the active site of any toxins that may have been released
    Neutralization
  73. The __________ will rise slowly and gradually decline
    Titer
  74. Mouth
    Oropharynx
  75. Windpipe
    Larynx
  76. Throat
    Pharynx
  77. A diseased liver will cause increased sickness because the _____________ will not work
    Compliment System
  78. Back of your nose and upper part of throat
    Nasopharynx
  79. The trachea has _____________ that sweeps mucus along; this mucus keeps debris from getting trapped. Smoking will destroy it.
    Cilia
  80. Are going to feed the gas exchange structures in the lungs called the alveoli
    Bronchioles
  81. A _____________ is one bronchiole and all the alveoli that it serves
    Lobule
  82. Gas exchange will move in and out of capillaries by
    Diffusion
  83. It doesn’t block gas exchange like ammonia, pus, and mucus would
    Surfactant
  84. Around the alveoli we have
    Capillaries
  85. Basically lines the inside of the ribs
    Parietal Pleura
  86. It is harder to breath at higher altitudes because there is _____________ oxygen. City air would be the same due to pollution
    Less
  87. Bronchioles are going to feed the gas exchange structures in the lungs called the
    Alveoli
  88. Means the infant is not producing any surfactant
    Infant Respiratory Syndrome
  89. If you don’t produce enough fluid between parietal pleura and visceral pleura you will experience a friction rub called
    Pleurisy
  90. The 30 different proteins that are produced in the liver are molecules that are numbered C1 thru C9 and are capable of splitting into A and B that each has responsibility making the immune system work.
    Compliment System
  91. In a 2nd exposure, the ______________________ will rise rapidly and go much higher and slowly decline (years). Shots require boosters for this purpose
    Titer
  92. When penicillin binds to another molecule giving it more than 10,000 molecular weight total it then turns into an
    Antigen
  93. Agglutination, Opsonization, Neutralization, Compliment System and Titer all happen because of
    Antibodies
  94. Abnormal ballooning of an artery due to a weakened arterial wall
    Aneurism
  95. Name of the lymphatic structures in the intestinal villa that pick up lipoproteins and deliver them to the blood
    Lacteals
  96. Term referring to blood flowing in layers through the arteries
    Laminar Flow
  97. Temporary reversible lack of blood and oxygen to the brain that causes dizziness
    TIA (Trans Ischemia Attack)
  98. A term referring to the diastolic pressure plus 1/3 of the difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure is
    MAP (Mean Arterial Pressure)
  99. Term referring to vessels converging
    Anastomosis
  100. Sounds used to determine blood pressure with the use of a blood pressure cuff are called
    Korotoff
  101. A stroke is also known as a
    CVA (Cerebral Vascular Accident)
  102. Shock due to the loss of blood volume is called
    Hypovolemic Shock
  103. Nerve receptors located in large arteries above the heart that monitor blood pressure for negative feedback
    Baro Receptors
  104. Term referring to the difference between systolic and diastolic pressures is
    Pulse Pressure
  105. Sounds heard in arteries away from the heart that may indicate atherosclerosis
    Bruits
  106. If tissue isn’t receiving enough blood the tissue is
    ________________ causing hypoxia
    Inadequately Perfused
  107. An important nutrient that is reduced by Statin drugs that helps prevents atherosclerosis and reduces blood pressure
    CoQ10
  108. This is not an important nutrient for the thyroid
    Fluoride
  109. This is not a lymphatic tissue
    Pancreas
  110. True or False
    Chemo receptors in the aortic arch and the carotid arteries are monitoring oxygen levels in the blood
    False
  111. True or False
    Following the flow of the lymph we could say that the lymph vessels bifurcate
    False
  112. True or False
    The normal heart sounds created at the heart valves is made by the valves closing shut
    False
  113. True or False
    Adenoids are also known as the palatine tonsils
    False
  114. If a person has a blood pressure of 140/80 what is their MAP.
    100

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