HIS1111 - Pre-History

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kwest0629
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77993
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HIS1111 - Pre-History
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2011-04-10 16:58:28
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HIS1111 Pre History
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HIS1111 - Pre-History
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  1. The study of what people have done in the past:
    history
  2. The systematic study of history:
    Historiography
  3. "What we think happened."
    Mr. Riece's definition of History
  4. The study of ancient cultures through the examination of artifacts made by that culture:
    Archeology
  5. Problems with history --> Name 3
    • - People lie
    • - Evidence is undiscovered
    • - People interpret evidence incorrectly
  6. A spear throwing device:
    Atlatl
  7. Greek father of history:
    Herodotus
  8. 2nd Greek Historian; he tried to be somewhat more accurate than Herodotus:
    Thucidydes
  9. Oral historians:
    Griots
  10. The science that studies humans as a species rather than a particular activity conducted by humans:
    Anthropology
  11. These are known as primary sources:
    Original document, objects, etc.
  12. These are known as secondary sources:
    Reports of historians, eye witness accounts, etc.
  13. BCE:
    Before Christian Era (previously BC)
  14. Human like creatures:
    Hominids
  15. According to the anthropologists there may be a missing type of hominid which is part human/part hominid. This link has never been found.
    Missing link
  16. Archeologists and anthropologists say that hominids have been on earth for ______ of years.
    millions
  17. One of the oldest hominid finds was made in ______ in ____. This female creature was named Lucy after the Beatles Song "Lucy in the Sky With Diamonds." She was estimated to be ___ ____ years old.
    Ethiopia; 1974; three million
  18. One way to date objects is ______ _____.
    radiocarbon dating
  19. This technique measures the amount of carbon atoms found in bones.
    radiocarbon dating
  20. One way anthropologists trace the development of man is through the development of _____.
    tools
  21. This age began about 2.5 million years ago and lasted until about 12,000 years ago.
    Paleolithic Age/Old Stone Age
  22. This age lasted from 12,000 to 10,000 years ago.
    Mesolithic Age/Middle Stone Age
  23. This age lasted from 10,000 years ago to 5,000 years ago.
    Neolithic Stone Age/New Stone Age
  24. A time when man used tools made of stone or other natural materials like bone or wood.
    Paleolithic Age
  25. During this age humans inhabited all the world's continents except Antarctica:
    Paleolithic Age
  26. The first humans probably lived in _____ & hunted ____ and ate _____, _____ & ______.
    caves &games; seeds, berries & nuts
  27. To hunt & live successfully people had to develop _____.
    tools
  28. To hunt successfully people hat to work together and communicate; this involved the development of ________.
    language
  29. By following & successfully hunting game, the food supply bacame more plentiful and as a result the ________ grew.
    population
  30. One thing that affected the world's hitory was a series of ______ ______.
    climate changes
  31. During colder periods the polar icecaps enlarged and glaciers developed, causing _ major ice ages.
    4
  32. Ice ages affected earth in a number of different ways; name some.
    • 1. Some humans moved to warmer climates
    • 2. Some kinds of plants & animals became extinct
    • 3. Areas uncovered by ice received unusually high amounts of rainfall which raised the levels of lakes, rivers, & large inland bodies of water were created
    • 4. Glaciers scoured land forms
    • 5. Sea levels fell, this created land bridges connecting previously unconnected lands
  33. It is theorized that what group of people discovered the use of fire?
    Neanderthals

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