Chapters 7 - 9

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Anonymous
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78005
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Chapters 7 - 9
Updated:
2011-04-07 01:13:15
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Humanities Rome Pagan Cults Judaism Christianity Byzantine Empire
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Rome, Pagan Cults, Judaism, Christianity, Byzantine Empire
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  1. APSE
    the curved section at the end of a nave
  2. AQUEDUCT
    a structure designed to transport water
  3. BARREL VAULT
    a vault made by extending a round arch through space
  4. CENTERING
    a means of holding stones in place during the construction of an arch
  5. COFFER
    a recessed geometric panel in a ceiling
  6. CROSS-VAULT (GROIN VAULT)
    a vault made by the intersection of two barrel vaults
  7. DOME
    a hemispherical roof or ceiling; made by rotating a round arch
  8. DRUM
    the circular support of a dome
  9. ENGAGED COLUMN
    a column that is attached to a wall
  10. EQUESTRIAN MONUMENT
    a portrait of a ruler on horseback
  11. FORUM
    the public center of an ancient Roman city
  12. IMPOST
    the support of an arch attached to a wall
  13. KEYSTONE
    in a round arch, the top center stone holding the voussoirs in place
  14. LARES & PENATES
    Roman household gods
  15. NAVE
    in basilicas, a wide central aisle separated from the side aisles by rows of columns
  16. NECROPOLIS
    a city of the dead
  17. OBVERSE
    the front of a coin
  18. OCULUS
    a round opening in a wall or ceiling
  19. PILASTER
    a square column
  20. PODIUM
    the masonry forming the base (usually rectangular) of a temple, arch, or other building
  21. REVERSE
    the back of a coin
  22. SPRINGING
    the upward thrust of an arch
  23. SYNCRETISM
    a process through which differing belief systems are assimilated
  24. TETRARCHY
    a form of government by four co-rulers
  25. TRAVERTINE
    a type of pale limestone, used in Roman building, that turns yellow as it ages
  26. TUFA
    soft, easily workable, volcanic rock, used in Etruscan building
  27. VILLA
    a country estate
  28. TUSCAN COLUMN
    a form of Doric style, used by the Etruscans
  29. VOUSSOIR
    a wedge-shaped stone used in round arches
  30. ARK OF THE COVENANT
    the original container for the Tablets containing the Ten Commandments
  31. BAPTISTERY
    a building in which baptisms are performed
  32. CANONICAL
    authorized; used with reference to a collection of writings or works applying to a particular religion or author
  33. CANTOR
    in Jewish worship, the singer who chants Bible readings, prayers, or parts of the liturgy
  34. CATACOMB
    in a church or temple, an upper story of the nave, above the aisle, that is pierced with windows to admit light
  35. COVENANT
    a formal agreement; the conditional promises made between God and his people in the Bible
  36. CREED
    a formal statement of the beliefs of a particular religion or philosophy
  37. EXODUS
    the forty-year journey made by the Israelites, led by Moses, out of Egypt to freedom; also, the second book of the Hebrew Bible
  38. HERESY
    a belief or practice that is contrary to established Church teaching
  39. ICONOGRAPHY
    the apparent meaning of an image and its underlying symbolism
  40. LITANY
    a type of prayer in which a leader and a congregation speak alternately
  41. LITURGY
    rites of worship
  42. MARTYR
    a person who dies for his or her beliefs
  43. MARTYRISM
    a structure built over the tomb of a martyr
  44. MAUSOLEUM
    a large, elaborate round tomb
  45. MELISMATIC
    music in which several notes are sung to one syllable
  46. MENORAH
    a candelabrum with seven candlesticks, three on each side and one in the center
  47. METER
    in music, regular division into set numbers of rhythmic beats
  48. MYSTERY
    cultish religion, based on ancient myths, of a type that was common in Greece and throughout the Roman Empire
  49. PITCH
    in music, height or depth of a tone
  50. PLAINSONG
    unaccompanied monophonic music sung to Latin texts as part of a church service
  51. RESPONSORIAL
    a style of music in which a soloist alternates with congregational or choral responses
  52. RULE
    in monasteries, a systematic regimen
  53. SYNOPTIC
    referring to three books of the New Testament, the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, which are considered to form a group
  54. TABLETS (TABLES) OF THE LAW
    the stones on which were inscribed the laws given to Moses on Mount Sinai
  55. TRANSEPT
    in a church, the cross-section corresponding to the arms of the Cross
  56. ANTIPHON
    in music, a liturgical chant with a Latin text sung with a psalm
  57. ANTIPHONAL
    in music, a style of composition using two or more groups of performers to create effects of echo or contrast
  58. AUTOCRACY
    absolute rule by one person
  59. CALIPH
    a Muslim ruler or leader
  60. GHAZAL
    a Middle Eastern poem in couplets having strict meter and a double rhyme scheme
  61. ICON
    a sacred image
  62. ICONOCLASM
    the destruction of religious images
  63. ICONOPHILE
    someone who supports religious imagery
  64. LUNETTE
    a half-moon shaped wall section
  65. MAQAM
    in Arabic music, a specific scale having certain phrases and patterns
  66. MINARET
    a thin tower on the exterior of a mosque
  67. MUEZZIN
    in Islam, a crier who calls the faithful to prayer from a minaret
  68. NARTHEX
    a vestibule or porch across the west end of a church
  69. PENDENTIVE
    an architectural feature resembling a curved triangle between the lunettes of a dome
  70. QAWWALI
    a genre of Muslim devotional song, generally with lyrics in Urdu, popular in north India and Pakistan, typically sung by two to four vocalists, with hand-clapping harmonium, and barrel-drum accompaniment
  71. SERF
    a peasant worker unable to leave the land
  72. TAQSIM
    in Arabic music, an improvised elaboration of maqams in a free-rhythmic style
  73. WHIRLING DERVISH
    a Sufi ascetic who seeks divine ecstasy through whirling to music

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