Botany: adaptations to fulfill basic needs

Card Set Information

Botany: adaptations to fulfill basic needs
2011-04-07 03:45:09
Botany adaptations fulfill basic needs

Botany: adaptations to fulfill basic needs
Show Answers:

  1. shade-tolerant
    having the ability to live in low light intensities
  2. runners (stolons)
    a horizontal stem growing aboveground that may form roots at its tip or at nodes
  3. rhizomes
    an underground, horizontal stem
  4. adventitious root
    a root arising in an unexpected position, such as from a leaf
  5. sucker
    an adventitious shoot arising from a root
  6. adventitious shoot
    a shoot arising in an unusual position, such as from the side of a root
  7. twiners
    a stem growing in a spiral fashion around a supportive object
  8. tendrils
    a modified stem or leaf for climbing
  9. leaf tendril
    a modified leaf or leaf part used as a grasping organ
  10. liana
    a long-stemmed, woody, climbing plant growing from the ground into the tree canopy of tropical forests
  11. epiphyte
    a plant growing on another plant for physical support
  12. buttress root
    an enlarged, aboveground root giving support to a tree trunk
  13. prop root (stilt root)
    a supportive root growing from an aboveground stem
  14. drip tip
    a pointed leaf tip helping to drain water from the leaf surface
  15. leaf rosette
    a group of leaves radiating from a short stem
  16. aerial root
    a root emerging above soil level
  17. velamen
    a water-absorbing tissue on the outside of orchids' aerial roots
  18. cladode
    a flattened stem performing the function of a leaf (such as a cactus pad)
  19. bulb
    a short, flattened stem bearing fleshy, food-storage leaves
  20. contractile root
    a thickened root serving to pull a corm, bulb, or rhizome deeper into the soil
  21. corm
    a short, swollen, underground stem in which food is stored
  22. cormel
    a small, undeveloped corm
  23. stem tuber
    an enlarged tip of a rhizome containing stored food
  24. root tuber
    an enlarged, food-storage root bearing adventitious shoots
  25. saprophyte
    an organism that obtains food from dead organic matter
  26. parasite
    a plant or animal obtaining food from another living organism, frequently to the latter's detriment
  27. host
    a plant or animal harboring a parasite
  28. haustorium
    an organ produced by a parasite that penetrates and absorbs water and nutrients from the host's tissues
  29. hemiparasite
    a parasite that invades its host to obtain only water and mineral nutrients
  30. mycorrhizae
    an association between a fungus and the roots of a higher plant
  31. nitrogen-fixation
    the conversion of atmospheric nitrogen gas into organic nitrogen compounds by a limited number of microorganisms
  32. root nodule
    a small swelling on a root resulting from invasion by nitrogen-fixing bacteria
  33. nitrogen cycle
    the circulation of nitrogen between the environment and living organisms
  34. insectivorous plant
    a plant that captures and digests insects as a source of nitrogen; carnivorous plant