child development test 1
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What was the John Locke viewpoint on child development?
Tablarosa- blank slate concept
What was Rosseau's theory on child development?
Children are born with an inate sense of justice and reality
What is the difference between nature vs nuture
- Nature: factors born with
- Nuture: Experience
What is the maturation theory?
Development reflects the natural unfolding of a pre-arranged biological fan
What is development determined by (biological theory)
What is evolutionary theory?
Many behaviors are viewed as adaptive because they have survival value
What is development determined by (psychodynamic perspective)
How a child resolves conflicts at different ages
What are the 3 components of personality according to Freud?
ID, Ego, Superego
What did early learning theories emphasize?
Expirience in development
What did BF Skinner Study?
Operant conditioning (reinforcement and punishment
What did Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory Claim?
Children's sense of self efficacy influences influences their behavior
What is Jean Piaget's cognitive developmental prospective?
Four stage sequence that characterizes a childrens prospective of the world
What did Lev Vygotsky believe? (adults vs children)
Adults convey beliefds customs and skills of their culture to children
What did Urie Bronfenbrenner beleive about child development?
development is embedded in a series of complex and interactive systems
What is the difference between valid and reliable research?
- Valid: correctness
- Reliable: Same results when repeated
What are correlational studies?
Look at relations as they exist in the real world
What is a longitudinal Study?
The same induviduals are tested repeatedly
What is a cross sectional study?
children of different ages are tested
What are the 1st 22 chromosones called
What is the 23rd pair of chromosones called?
What is genotype?
Ones complete set of genes
What is phenotype?
Ones physical, behavioral, and psychological features
What is a dominant allele?
Chemical instructions are followed
What is a resessive allelle?
Chemical instructions are ignored
What is PKU
an Inherited disorder
What is down syndrone?
Extra 21st chromosone
What can a genotype lead to depending on enviorment
A variety of phenotypes
What is niche picking?
Actively seek enviorments related to genes
What is the period of the zygote?
Egg is fertilized
What is the period of the embryo?
3-8 weeks, body parts are formed
What is the period of the fetus
9 weeks to birth- increase in size and systems
What is the age of viability?
What are the 4 principals of teratogens?
- Teratogens are most apt to cause major structural damage during the embryonic
- period, the greatest time of organ formation.
- Teratogens can effect the developing brain throughout pregnancy.
- Teratogens operate in a dose-response relationship, but we do not know where
- that threshold lies, so it is better to err on the side of caution and stay away
- from teratogens during pregnancy.
- Teratogens may exert their influence long after exposure.
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