Card Set Information
called neuroleptics . Used to
treat psychotic symptoms.
hallucinations and delusions
Disorganized orincoherent speech,
Strange, possibly dangerous behavior, Bizarre behavior,
Slowed or unusual movements,
Loss of interest in personal hygiene
Loss of interest in activities.
Antipsychotic Medication use
– the manic phase
Mode of Action of Antipsychotic medication
Block the dopamine receptors
in the brain thereby reduce the psychotic symptoms.
, trigger zone and the vomiting center in the brain thereby producing antiemetic effect
Typical and Atypical
2 types Antipsychotic
of antipsychotic treatment
The atypical (or "novel") neuroleptics, also known as the "newer" drugs. It is more expensive but with less side effect.
Side effect of Antipsychotic medication
Decrease in sexual interest or ability
Change color of urine pink or orange
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
most often caused by an adverse reaction to neuroleptic or antipsychotic drugs.
General Nursing Intervention on patient taking Antipsychotic
Monitor vital signs
Monitor serum glucose
Administer medication with f
ood and milk to decrease gastric irritation
The important of taking medication on time and
avoid stopping medication abruptly
Anti-Anxiety Drugs: Minor tranquilizers
Antianxiety drugs are
medicines that calm and relax people with excessive anxiety, nervousness, or tension, or for short-term control of phobia disorder
Types of Antianxiety
Antidote to Benzodiazepine
Medication for Insomnia and Anxiety
They act by d
epressing the reticular activating system
(RAS)which is the part of the brain
responsible for awake and motivation.
3 main factor all working in concert to cause depression
biological, genetic, and environmental factors
blocking the reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin
at the presynaptic neuron thereby making them more available.
Must not be used with alcohol or antihistamine
(cough mix) as they will cause severe CNS depression.
Must not be used along with MAOI
as they cause
They may c
ause reduction in the effectiveness
Monoamines Oxidase Inhibitors MAOI Side Effect
Sedation-leading to drowsiness,
Insomnia- especially -Parnate
Monoamines Oxidase Inhibitors MAOI
acts on CNS by
increasing concentration of epinephrine, serotonin and dopamine
Antidote for the hypertensive crisis
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
It produces antidepressant effect by i
nhibiting serotonin uptake and destruction thereby making more serotonin available.
For patient on SSRI-prozac instruct
them to take medication
early in the day to avoid sleep disturbance at night.
Anti-manic Drug (Mood Stabilizer)
drug used in the
treatment of manic phase of bipolar
most effective in the
treatment of mania.
Lithium narrow therapeutic range
side effects of Antianxiety drugs
side effects of Antidepressant drugs
specific problems or concerns for drug therapy Lithium
renal function assessment and monitoring of blood level
specific problems or concerns for drug therapy Phenothiazines
cause extrapyramidal effects (EPS);
specific problems or concerns for drug therapy Tardive dyskinesia
permanent if client is not assessed regularly
for signs of tardive dyskinesia!
specific client teaching for drug therapy Phenothiazines
, need to wear protective clothing, sunglasses.
specific client teaching for drug therapy MAO inhibitors