Pharm 1003 Special Populations
Card Set Information
Pharm 1003 Special Populations
Pharm 1003 Nonprescription Medications and Self-care Exam 4: Module 8
"Elderly" is defined as:
65 yrs. of age or greater
Age when bodily functions begin to break down/chronic diseases become more common
How much of OTC products do the Elderly buy?
4 Reasons why elderly are at increased risk of drug-related problems?
1. Body handles drugs differently
ability to cope with illness
or side effects
3. Patterns of
Different dug effects/side effects
specific to their age group
Effects of Aging
changes in mental status
Changes in how the body acts on drugs
changes in stomach/intestinal function
Where drug goes
: changes in body fat/muscle
How body processes drug:
decreased liver and kidney function
Changes in how drug affects body
altered drug receptor interactions (where drug works)
altered body system
: nerves, heart, glands, metabolism, etc.
: Gestational age < 36 weeks
: First month of life
: 1-12 mo.
: 1-3 yrs.
: 3-6 yrs.
: 6-12 yrs.
: 13-18 yrs.
Age and Rec. Temp method
Birth to 3 mo
3mo to 3yrs
: rectal, armpit, ear
4 to 5yrs
: rectal armpit, ear, oral
older than 5yrs
: armpit, ear, oral
Measurement and Fever Indicators
When to seek medical attention for child's fever?
skin rash (purple)
**see hand out for dif. ages
Why avoid Aspirin to treat child's fever?
3 considerations when dosing meds for fever
1. Do NOT exceed recommended doses/day
2. Be aware of dosing for certain age
3. Understand side effects (age, preexisting cond.)
Pregnancy Detection Method: Basal Thermometer
meas. rise of body temp during ovulation (.1-.4)
must meas. every morning for couple months
Pregnancy Detection Method: Ovulation Predictor Test
detects change in pH during ovulation
avoid sexual intercourse to prevent pregnancy at this time
What can cause a FALSE POSITIVE pregnancy test? (says pos, but NOT preg)
miscarriage/recent birth (8 wks)
: ectopic preg.
What can case a FALSE NEGATIVE pregnancy test? (says neg, but ARE preg)
used before 1st day of missed period
testing cold urine
wax or soap residue
7 Steps required to accurately perform a pregnancy test
1. wait specified days after missed period
2. beware of using wax cups/other cups
3. use 1st morning urine
4. test immediately after urine collection
5. open packages just before testing
6. collect urine and dip stick or hold stick in stream
7. lay device on flat service and read in time specified
HCG is detectable in how many weeks after conception?
prevents sperm from reaching the uterus by lining the vagina with a polyurethane membrane
discomfort, less sensation, allergic rxns.
insert up to 8 hrs. before intercourse
squeaking, decreased sensation
insert before intercourse, leave in up to 8 hrs
may cause redness or irritation (allergic rxn)
Natural Family Planning
1. Calendar/Rhythm method
2. Basal Body temp.
3. Cervical mucus
4. Symptothermal method
**see handout for specifics
Plan B One Step
take w/in 72 hrs of BC failure or unprotected sex; stops release of egg f/ ovary (changes womb and cervical mucus making harder for sperm to meet egg
nausea, stomach pain, tender breasts, vomiting, headache
Difference between male condom materials
cheapest, stretchy, degrade with lube
less stretchy, more expensive, do NOT degrade with oil-base lube
3. Lamb Cecum:
more expensive, ONLY prevents preg (NOT STI)
Advantages of Condoms
protection of preg. and some STI's
prolong male plateau's phase
Disadvantages of Condoms
loss of pleasure/sensation
unable to maintain erection
Steps to properly use a condom
1. Open pacakge carefully
2. put on before vaginal contact
3. unroll over erect penis; leave 1/2 in at end
4. pull off before penis gets soft
5. check for tears (spermicidal lube if so)
Recommended Daily Elemental Calcium Intake (mg)
Pregnat and Nursing <18
Pregnat and Nursing >19
Recommended Daily Vitamin D Intake (IU)
Pregnat and Nursing
What is the max amount of calcium the body can absorb at one sitting?