Module 1

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ssenft
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78187
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Module 1
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2011-04-10 20:04:11
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  1. Critical thinking
    a reflectivethinking process that involves collecting information, analyzing the adequacy and accuracy of the information, and carefully considering options for actions.
  2. Model
    a set of interrelated concepts that represent a particular way of thinking about something
  3. Hosistic
    Meeting the needs of the whole person
  4. Theory
    organized set of related ideas and concepts that helps us find meaning in our experiences, organize our thinking around an idea, and develop new ideas and insights into the work we do
  5. Conceptual framework (theoretical framework)
    a set of concepts that are related to form a whole or pattern
  6. Hypothesis
    statement of what the researcher expects the results of the study to be
  7. Quantitative research
    gather data from enough subjects to be able to generalize the results to a similar population
  8. Qualitative research
    • focuses on the lived experience of people
    • ex: case study
  9. Health-illness continuum
    An individual's state of health is one of continual change. He moves back and forth from health to illness and back to health again. His condition is rarely constant. He may wake up feeling great, develop a headache mid-morning, and feel fine again by noon. The health-illness continuum illustrates this process of change, in which the individual experiences various states of health and illness (ranging from extremely good health to death) that fluctuate throughout his life.
  10. Adaptive capacity
    is the capacity of a system to adapt if the environment where the system exists is changing
  11. Defense mechanism
    are unconscious psychological strategies brought into play by various entities to cope with reality and to maintain self-image.
  12. Developmental task
  13. a physical or cognitive skill that a person must accomplish during a particular age period to continue development. An example is walking, which precedes the development of a sense of autonomy in the toddler period. The nurse may also outline developmental tasks for families.
  14. Evidence-based practice
    preferential use of mental and behavioral health interventions for which systematic empirical research has provided evidence of statistically significant effectiveness as treatments for specific problems
  15. Hypothesis
    is a proposed explanation for an observable phenomenon
  16. Moral development
    Moral development is the process through which children develop proper attitudes and behaviors toward other people in society, based on social and cultural norms, rules, and laws
  17. Philosophy of nursing
    Nursing is an art and a science dedicated to improving the physical and psychological well-being of patients
  18. Qualitative research
  19. Qualitative research seeks out the ‘why’, not the ‘how’ of its topic through the analysis of unstructured information – things like interview transcripts, open ended survey responses, emails, notes, feedback forms, photos and videos. It doesn’t just rely on statistics or numbers, which are the domain of quantitative researchers.
  20. Research
    Research can be defined as the search for knowledge, or as any systematic investigation, with an open mind, to establish novel facts, usually using a scientific method. The primary purpose for basic research (as opposed to applied research) is discovering, interpreting, and the development of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge on a wide variety of scientific matters of our world and the universe.
  21. Research Critique
    A research critique is a careful appraisal of the strengths and weaknesses of the study

    An intellectual research critique is a careful, complete examination of a study to judge its strengths, weaknesses, logical links, meaning and significance

    The process of objectivity and critically evaluating a research report’s content for scientific merit and application to practice, theory or education.
  22. Research design
    are concerned with turning the research question into a testing project. The best design depends on your research questions. Every design has its positive and negative sides.
  23. Research process
    a simple means of effectively locating information for a research project
  24. Statistical significance
    a result
  25. Standard of care
    are guidelines used to determine what a nurse should or should not do. Standards may be defined as “ a benchmark of achievement which is based on a desired level of excellence”. Standards of care (SOC’s) measure the degree of excellence in nursing care and describe a competent level of nursing care.
  26. Wellness
    being healthy and disease free

    a way of life oriented toward optimal health and well-being in which body, mind, and spirit are integrated byt he individual to live more fully withing the human and natural community
  27. Values
    A value is a belief, a mission, or a philosophy that is meaningful

    drive how we judge and help us make decisions.
  28. Adaptation
    the evolutionary process whereby a population becomes better suited to its habitat.

    may also refer to a feature which is especially important for an organism's survival
  29. Beliefs
    Belief is the psychological state in which an individual holds a proposition or premise to be true.
  30. Health
    a state of complete physical, mental, and social well being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
  31. Health belief
    a psychological model that attempts to explain and predict health behaviors
  32. Sample
    The parts of the mnemonic are

    • Signs and Symptoms
    • Allergies
    • Medications
    • Past medical history
    • Last oral intake
    • Events leading up to the injury and/or illness

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