Parts of the Brain

Card Set Information

Author:
DesLee26
ID:
78197
Filename:
Parts of the Brain
Updated:
2011-04-07 21:10:32
Tags:
Brain
Folders:

Description:
AP Bio
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user DesLee26 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. provides integrative power underlies complex behavior of vertebrates
    brain
  2. · consists of neuron cell bodies, dendrites and unmyelinated axons
    gray matter
  3. clusters of axons wit myelin sheaths
    white matter
  4. In spinal cord: outside- consistent with its function in linking the CNS to sensory and motor neurons of the PNSIn brain: inside- role of signaling btw neurons of the brain in learning, feeling emotions, processing sensory info, and making commands
    white matter
  5. conveys info to and from the brain and generates basic patterns of locomotion
    spinal cord
  6. Part of nerve circuits that produce reflexes
    spinal cord
  7. connect brain with locations mostly in organs of the head and upper body
    cranial nerves
  8. run between the spinal cord and parts of the body below the head
    spinal nerves
  9. Homeostasis, coordination of movement, conduction of info to and from higher brain centers; signals affect attention, alertness, appetite and motivation
    brainstem
  10. transfer of info between the PNS and midbrain and forebrain
    medualla and pons
  11. all axons carrying sensory info to and motor instructions from higher brain regions pass through the __
    brainstem
  12. Help coordinate large-scale body movements
    medulla and pons
  13. contains centers for receiving and integrating several types of sensory info
    midbrain
  14. coded sensory info along neurons to specific regions of the forebrain
    midbrain
  15. portions of this form prominent optic lobes
    midbrain
  16. fromt he __ affect attention, alertness, appetite and motivation
    brainstem
  17. ins centers that control several automatic, homeostatic functions, like breathing heart and blood vessel activity, swallowing, vomiting, and digestion
    medualla
  18. participates in some activitees like regulating breathing centers in the medulla
    pons
  19. transitons between attentiveness and mental alertness are regulated by the __ and __
    brainstem and cerebrun
  20. both arousal and sleep
    brainstem and cerebrum
  21. The __ contains several centers for controlling arousal and sleep, like __.
    • brainstem
    • reticular formation
  22. acts as a sensory filter and determines which incoming info rreaches the cerebral cortex
    reti foromation
  23. sleep and walkefulness are also regulated by parts of the __.
    brainstem
  24. The __ and _ contain centers that cause slep when stimulated and the __ has a center that causes arousal.
    • pons
    • medulla
    • midbrain
  25. coordinates movement and balance
    cerebellum
  26. receives sensory info about position of joints and length of muscles, as well as input from the auditory and visual systems
    cerebellum
  27. moniteors motor commands issued by the cerebrum
    cerebellum
  28. info from the cerebrum passes first to the pons and then to the ++
    cerebellum
  29. integrates info as it carries out coordination and error checking during motor and perceptual functions
    cerebellum
  30. ye coordination
    cerebellum
  31. major integrating centers that act as relay stationss for ino flow in body
    tha and hypotha
  32. main input center for sensory info going to the cerebrum; incoming info from all the senses sorted in here and sent to approate cerebral centers
    thalamus
  33. also receives inputs from the cerebrum and other parts of the brain that regulate emotion and arousal
    thalanus
  34. one of most important brian regions for control of homeostasis
    hypothalamus
  35. contains body's thermostat, and centers for regulating hunger, thirst, and moany othe rbasic survival mechansism
    hypothala
  36. play a role in sexual and mating behavior , the flight or fight response, and pleasure
    hypothalamu
  37. specialized nerve cells in here regulate cricadian rhythm and biological clocks
    hypo
  38. circadian rhythms are coordinated by a group of neurons in the __ caled the __.
    • hypo
    • SCN
  39. info processing largely centered in here
    cerebrum
  40. important for planning and learning movement sequenes
    basal nuclei
  41. vital for perception in mammal
    cerebral cortex
  42. highly convoluted __ is needed for advanced cogntion
    neocortex
  43. top or outer portion of the brain
    pallium or cerebral cortex
  44. visual information in which lobe of cerebral cortex
    occipital
  45. auditory input in which lobe
    temporal
  46. somatosensory input
    parietal
  47. info about taste
    parietal
  48. olfactory
    frontal
  49. motor
    perceptive
    cognitive
    cerebellum
  50. and motor info
    thalamus
  51. homeostasis
    survival behavior
    thermostat; appetite
    thirst
    circadian rhythms
    hypo
  52. info proessing
    cerebrum
  53. voluntary and cognitive
    cerebral cortex
  54. enables communication
    corpus callosum

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview