vocab section 12

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hope495
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vocab section 12
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2011-04-07 22:46:09
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  1. absolve
    • def- to clear from blame, responsilbilty, or guilt
    • pos- v
    • syn- acquit, exonerate, vindicate, excuse, pardon
    • ant.- condemn, convict, incriminate, inculpate
  2. caricature
    • def- a representation in which the subjects characteristic features are deliberately exaggerated; to present someone or something in a deliberately distorted way
    • pos- n,v
    • syn- cartoon, burlesque, parody, lampoon
  3. clangor
    • def- a loud ringing sound; to make a loud ringing noise
    • pos- v,n
    • syn- din, clamour, uproar
    • ant- silence, stillness, peace and quiet
  4. contiguous
    • def- side by side, touching, near, adjacent in time
    • pos- adj
    • syn- adjoining, abutting, next door to
    • ant- detached, apart, distant, remote
  5. cupidity
    • def- an eager desire for something, greed
    • pos- n
    • syn- avarice, rapacity, cravin, lust
    • ant- generosity, contentment, satiation, gratification
  6. deleterious
    • def- harmful, injurious
    • pos- adj
    • syn- detrimental, destructive, pernicious, damaging
    • ant- helpful, beneficial, harmless, innocuous
  7. enhance
    • def- to raise to a higher degree, to increase the value or desirability of
    • pos- v
    • syn- improve, magnify, heighten, elevate
    • ant- diminish, reduce, lessen, degrade
  8. enthrall
    • def- to captivate, charm, hold spellbound, to enslave, to imprison
    • pos- v
    • syn- fascinate, enchant, attract, bewitch
    • ant- bore to tears, repel, put someone off
  9. extenuate
    • def- to lessenthe seriousness or magnitude of an offense by making partial excuses
    • pos- v
    • syn- moderate, mitigate, diminish, downplay
    • ant- intensify, aggravate, worsen, exacerbate
  10. implicit
    • def- implied or understoodthough unexpressed, without doubts or reservations, unquestioning, potentially contained in
    • pos- adj
    • syn- inferred, tacit, unspoken, unconditional
    • ant- explicit, expressed, stated, revealed
  11. incisive
    • def- sharp, keen, penetrating (with a suggestion of decisiveness and effectiveness)
    • pos- adj
    • syn- acute, cutting, perceptive, trenchant
  12. ostentatious
    • def- marked by conspicuous or pretentious display, showy
    • pos- adj
    • syn- flashy, overdone, affected, flamboyant
    • ant- modest, plain, simple, demure, retiring
  13. paragon
    • def- a model of excellence or perfection
    • pos- n
    • syn- exemplar, ideal, paradigm, model, good example
  14. paraphrase
    • def- to restate in other words, a statement that presents a given idea in new language
    • pos- v,n
    • syn- reword, rephrase, a rendition, version
    • ant- repeat verbatim, duplicate, quote
  15. politic
    • def- prudent, shrewdly concieved and developed, artful, expedient
    • pos- adj
    • syn- tactful, diplomatic, judicious, circumspect
    • ant- unwise, injudicious, imprudent, rash
  16. prosaic
    • def- dull, lacking in distinction and origionality; matter-of-fact, straightforward, characteristic of prose, not poetic
    • pos- adj
    • syn- commonplace, humdrum, literal, pedestrian
    • ant- remarkable, distinctive, poetic, inspired
  17. redundant
    • def- extra, excuses, more than is needed, wordy, repetitive, profuse, lush
    • pos- adj
    • syn- unnecessary, superfluous, verbose, prolix
    • ant- succinct, terse, laconic, scarce, inadequate
  18. sanctimonious
    • def- making a show of virtue or righteousness, hypocritically moralistic or pious, self-righteous, canting, holier-than-thou
    • pos- adj
    • ant- heartfelt, sincere, humble
  19. scintillating
    • def- sparkling, twinkling, exceptionally brilliant (applied to mental or personal qualities)
    • pos- adj, part
    • syn- stimulating, lively, glittering, flashing
    • ant- dull, boring, insipid, flat, tame, vapid
  20. winsome
    • def- charming, attractive, pleasing (often suggesting a childlike charm and innocence)
    • pos- adj
    • syn- winning, engaging, delightful, prepossessing
    • ant- unattractive, unappealing, repulsive

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