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Whats the 6 strong acid?
- HCl, HBr, HI,
- HNO3, H2SO4, HClO4
Name all 6 acids
- hydrochloric acid
- hydrobromic acid
- hydroiodic acid
- nitric acid
- sulfuric acid
- perchloric acid
hydroxides are considered...
vapor pressure lowering
if a liquid (substance 1) is added to another liquid (substance 2) to make a solution, then each liquid would have each its own vapor pressure (P1 and P2)
increasing the temp. of the solvent does what to the solid?
increases the solubility of dissolved solids
increasing temp of solvent does what to gases?
it decreases the soolubility of dissolved gases.
increasing pressure of a gas above a soln does what to a gas?
it increases the solubility of that gas.
moles of solute/ volume of soln (mol/L) (M)
moles of solute/ kg of solvent - mol/kg (m)
mole fraction =
moles of component/ moles of total
mass fraction =
grams of component / grams of total
weight % =
grams of component / grams of total x100%
mass fraction x100%
a substance that donates a proton
Whats a proton donor?
a Bronsted -Lowery acid
examples of Bronsted-Lowery acid.
Bronsted-Lowery base is...
- a substance that accepts a proton
- aka. proton acceptor
example of Bronsted-Lowery acid.
strong acid is?
- equation one direction
- -donates 100%
- an acid that donates less than 100% of its protons to water
- -equation is in equilibrium
strong base is...
- accepts 100% of pronts