PHAR 100 CH 12

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leti563
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78259
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PHAR 100 CH 12
Updated:
2011-04-08 02:32:14
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CH 12
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  1. SKINS FUNCTIONS
    • Regulate body temp.
    • Maintain electrolyte and flluid balance
    • Protection
    • Excretion
    • Metabolism (VitaminD )
  2. ANTI PRURITIS
    • Control Pruritis (Itching)
    • Dermatologic- Rashed and allergic reactions.
    • Systemic- Liver Disease
    • Neuropathic-Restless leg syndrome
    • Psychogenic
  3. Antipruritics
    Drying agents

    Zinc oxide- calamine lotions

    Uses: Poison ivy, insect bites
  4. Antipruritics

    Antihystamines
    Benadryl

    Uses: Urticaria
  5. Antipruritics
    4 types
    • Drying agents
    • Antigystamines
    • Topical Corticosteroids
    • Local Anisthetics
  6. Antipruritics
    Topical Corticosteroids
    Cortaid

    May be absorbed into systemic circulation
  7. Antipruritics
    Local Anesthetics
    "Caines"

    Chloraseptic- Sore Throat
  8. Emollients
    Moisturizers

    • Lanolin
    • Aloe Vera
  9. Keratolytics
    • Pedophyllin Slution
    • Salysillic Acid

    Promotes peeling of unwanted skin

    Uses: warts an acne

    Contraindications: Pregnancy/lactation

    Precautions: avoid prolonged use. Stings!
  10. Scabies/ Pediculocides
    Lindane (kwell)

    • Organic Pestiside
    • Contraindcated in pregnancy
  11. Fungal Infections
    • Candida
    • Tinea
  12. Tinea Corporis
    Ringworm
  13. Tinea Cruris
    Jock itch
  14. Oral Candidiasis
    Thrush (Tongue)
  15. Antifungal Drugs for
    Tinea

    ketoconazole (Nizoral)
    Ringworm
  16. Antifungal Drugs for
    Tinea

    tolnaftate (Tinactin)
    Athletes foot
  17. Antifungal Drugs for
    Candida

    Clotrimazole (Lotrimin)
    Vaginitis
  18. Antifungal Drugs for
    Candida

    nystatin (Mycostatin)
    Thrush
  19. Virus
    Submicroscopic infectuous agent

    Can only grow in living cells
  20. Viral Skin infections
    Herpes simplex 1 & 2

    Herpes zoster - shingles
  21. Antiviral Drugs
    acyclovir (zovirax)
    Oral or topical for herpes simplex or shingles
  22. Antiviral Drugs
    valacyclovir (Valtrex)
    Oral HSV2

    Long term suppressive therapy
  23. Local Anti infectives

    Antiseptics
    Control or inhibt the growth of bacteria.

    Bacteria wont be able to grow.
  24. Local Anti infectives
    Disinfectants
    Kill bacteria on contact ( bacteriocidal)

    Kills bacteria
  25. Local Anti Infectives

    Antiseptics
    Providine iodine solution (betadine)

    Surgical scrubs and skin cleansers
  26. Local Anti Infectives

    Antiseptics

    Hibiclens
    Contraindicated in pregnancy, may be absorbed through skin into bloodstream
  27. Burn Medcations

    Silvadene Cream
    Caution in patients with liver or kidney failure
  28. Acne

    4 types
    • Type 1 - Mild
    • Type 2- Topical antibiotics
    • Type 3 - Oral antbiotics w topical agent
    • Type 4 - Acne Vulgaris
  29. Acne Type 1
    Over the counter products (Clearasil)
  30. Acne Type 2
    Topical Antibiotics
  31. Acne Type 3
    Oral antibiotics w topical agents
  32. Acne Type 4
    • Not responsive to topical therapy
    • Oral retinoids
    • Absolutely contraindicated in pregnancy
    • Many side effects: Deppression, numbness, vomitting.

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