AP HuG Models

Card Set Information

Author:
frenchy1912
ID:
78277
Filename:
AP HuG Models
Updated:
2011-04-08 14:15:31
Tags:
AP Human Geography
Folders:

Description:
AP HuG Models needed
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user frenchy1912 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Description
    1) Sail-Wagon Epoch (1790-1830)
    2) Iron Horse Epoch (1830-70)
    3) Steel-Rail Epoch (1870-1920)
    4) Auto-Air-Amenity Epoch (1920-70)5) High Technology Epoch (1970-today)

    Impotance/Notes
    Uses transportation advances as key to development of Urban areas
    • John Borchert
    • (Urban)
  2. Descripition
    Stage 1 forest-fallow Stage 2 bush-fallow Stage 3 fallow shortens Stage 4 annual cropping Stage 5 multi-cropping – from extensive to intensive

    Importance/Notes
    Population growth forces an increase in technology in farming industry to meet the need.
    Formalized the transition form extensive subsistence forms of agriculture to more intensive cultivation – increased productivity counters loss of fertility
    • Boserup Hypothesis
    • (Rural Land Use)
  3. Descripition
    grows out from CBD 5 zones CBD, transition – industry/poor housing, stable working class, middle class, commuter zone – suburbs
    Based on Bid-rent the idea that land values are highest in the centre of a town or city. This is because competition is high in the central parts of the settlement. This leads to high-rise, high-density buildings being found near the CBD, with low-density, sparse developments on the edge of the town or city Invasion and Succession

    Importance/Notes

    Chicago
    • Concentric Zone
    • {Ernest Burgess, 1920}
    • (Rural Land Use)
  4. Discripition
    Urban Hierarchy, Range, Threshold, Low Order Good, High Order Good
    Hexagon shape – trade areas

    1) threshold -- the minimum
    market needed to bring a firm
    or city selling goods and services
    into existence and to keep it in
    business2) range -- the average maximum
    distance people will travel to
    purchase goods and services
    Importance/Notes

    Spatial distribution of Hamlets, Villages, Towns and Cities.
    • Central Place Theory
    • {Walter Christaller, 1896-1969}
    • (Rural/Urban Land Use)
  5. Descripition
    Multiple Nuclei model – modern cities develop with many nodes. Cities within cities.

    Importance/Notes
    Many city centers
    • Multiple Nuclei Model
    • {Chauncey Harris/ E L Ullman, 1945}
    • (Urban Land Use)
  6. Descripition
    Types of boundaries - 1. Antecedent,- drawn before populated 2. Superimposed- doesn’t take into account existing ethnic groups, 3. Subsequent,- drawn after populated 4. Relict
    • Richard Hartshorne
    • (Political/Enviroment)
  7. Description
    (better/more efficient production has opened new markets and brought places closer) is similar to Space-Time Convergence (reduction of the importance of distance)

    Importance/Notes

    Capitalism has accelerated the pace of life.
    Compression - EG. Tokyo’s stock market impacts on Toronto.Convergence – EG. Airplane brings people closer together than before
    • Space-Time Compression
    • {David Harvey}
    • (Globalization)
  8. Descripition
    sectors, not rings, certain areas more attractive – as city grows expands outward –
    Transportation Routes Important
    factories/industry zone, radiate out from the CBD. This is probably following the line of a main road or a railway.

    High-income areas along fashionable boulevards or rail lines, water, high ground and far from industry
    Industry radiates along river or rail lines
    Low-income radiates near industry
    Middle-income radiates between low and high income sectors

    Importance/Notes
    Refinement of concentric zone theory
    1939 – Land Economist
    • Sector Model
    • {Homer Hoyt, 1939}
    • (Urban)
  9. Describe
    Every country has a ‘Primate City’ (a city that dominates in economics, social factors and politics)Rank Size Rule – 2nd largest city is ½ the size of the Primate city, 3rd largest city is 1/3 the size of the Primate city and so on.

    Information/Notes
    “The law of the Primate City”
    • Mark Jefferson
    • (Urban)
  10. Describe
    • Recognized the core position of Russia in the Asian landmass and anticipated conflict between Russian (land) and British (sea) power
    • Mahan argued that control of the seas (lanes and access) would lead to global military domination.
    • Sea Power Theory
    • {Alfred Thayer Mahan}
  11. Describe
    Agglomeration/Spatial Influence –
    Manufacturing plants choose locations where they can maximize profit.

    Zone of Profitability
    • August Losch; 1940
    • (Development)
  12. Describe
    Geo-Political thought – explains why NATO and the WARSAW pact existed – control of Eastern Europe.

    Heartland – Eastern Europe and Russia

    Information/notes

    1. Who rules Eastern Europe commands the Heartland2. Who rules the Heartland commands the World Island
    3. Who rules the World Island commands the World
    • The Heartland Theory
    • {Halford Mackinder, 1861-1947}
    • (Political)
  13. Describe
    Population growth relating to Food supply
    1. Food grows Arithmetically (1,2,3,4,5)2. Population grows Exponentially (1,2,4,8,16) 3. Population Checks

    Information/Notes
    Neo-Malthusians – R. Kaplan, T.F. Homer-Dixon – look at Africa Critics - E. Boserup, S. Kuznets, J. Simon, F. Engels – More people more growth, Science will find a way, distribution of wealth etc.
    • Malthusian Theory
    • {Thomas Malthus, 1766-1834}
    • (Population)
  14. Describe
    Land Use in Southeast Asian cities. Old colonial port cities surrounded by a new commercial district with no formal CBD.

    Information/Notes
    EG. Manila, Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur.Western commercial Zone and Alien (Asian ) commercial zone
    • T.G. McGee, 1967
    • (Urben/Development)
  15. Describe
    nations act like living organisms – must grow and will eventually decline

    Social Darwinism
    • Organic Theory of Nations
    • {Friedrich Ratzel, 1844-1904}
    • (Political)
  16. 11 of them) – Most migrants travel only a short distance.
    • Migrants traveling long distances usually settle in urban areas.
    • Most migration occurs in steps.
    • Most migration is rural to urban.
    • Each migration flow produces a movement in the opposite direction ("counterflow").
    • Most migrants are adults.
    • Most international migrants are young males, while more internal migrants are female.
    • Economic motives dominate migration
    • Urban residents are less migratory than inhabitants of rural areas.
    • Families are less likely to make international moves than young adults.
    • Gender studies of migration indicate that men are more mobile, migrate farther, and have more employment choices and income than women.
    • Law of Migration
    • {E.G. Ravensten}
    • (Migration)
  17. 5 Stages of Economic Development – 1. Traditional Society 2. Pre-conditions to Take-off (primary sector) 3. Take-off (industry) 4. Maturity 5. Mass Consumption etc.

    Capitalistic Model
    Based on UK

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview