Natl Security - Terrtorial Sea

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
78326
Filename:
Natl Security - Terrtorial Sea
Updated:
2011-04-08 15:17:02
Tags:
natinal security law
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Description:
TERRITORIAL SEA, STRAITS, ARCHIPELAGIC WATERS, CONTIGUOUS ZONE, INNOCENT PASSAGE, TRANSIT PASSAGE, ARCHIPELAGIC SEA LANES PASSAGE
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  1. what is the Cannon Shot Doctrine?
    Territorial sea historically set at 3 nautical miles, based on the range of the cannon
  2. what are the two Complete Sovereignty Exceptions within the territorial sea? (#1)
    innocent passage for vessels
  3. what are the two Complete Sovereignty Exceptions within the territorial sea? (#1)
    Right of assistance entry (force majure?)
  4. where is the Territorial Sea Boundary?
    12 nm from baseline
  5. who made the territorial sea proclamation and when?
    Territorial Sea Presidential Proclamation

    Reagan issued proclamation extending territorial sea to 12nm (1988).
  6. who made the contiguous zone proclamation and when?
    Contiguous Zone Presidential Proclamation

    Clinton issued a Presidential Proclamation extending the contiguous zone to 24 nm in 1999.
  7. where does the Contiguous Zone start?
    Contiguous Zone Boundaries

    The contiguous zone starts at 12nm
  8. where does the Contiguous Zone end?
    to 24 nm out to sea.
  9. All States enjoy the right of innocent passage through the territorial sea? (T/F)
    True.

    Innocent Passage

    All States enjoy the right of innocent passage through the territorial sea.

    All ships warships, enjoy the right of innocent passage, regardless of the cargo, means of propulsion, or purpose, within a foreign State’s territorial sea. (implicit b/c of the launching weapon/aircraft language)

    Submerged submarines DO NOT have the right to innocent passage in territorial waters
  10. what is the rule regarding warships and innocent passage in the territorial sea?
    All ships warships, enjoy the right of innocent passage, regardless of the cargo, means of propulsion, or purpose, within a foreign State’s territorial sea. (implicit b/c of the launching weapon/aircraft language)
  11. what is the rule regarding submarines and innocent passage in the territorial sea?
    Submerged submarines DO NOT have the right to innocent passage in territorial waters
  12. what are three ways a vessel contravene innocent passage? (Art 19) (#1)
    Innocent Passage Contravention (Article 19)


    conducting weapons exercises,
  13. what are three ways a vessel contravene innocent passage? (Art 19) (#2)
    launching / recovering a/c
  14. what are three ways a vessel contravene innocent passage? (Art 19) (#3)
    “any other activity not having a direct bearing on passage.”
  15. Innocent Passage Permission (China & Iran)
    China and Iran, have filed “understandings” or “declarations” that they may require prior notification or permission for foreign warships to enter their territorial sea.
  16. what are Freedom of Navigation Operations?
    Freedom of Navigation Operations

    the U.S. periodically conducts “freedom of navigation” (FON) operations to assert its inclusive navigational rights.

    The purpose of these transits (in Black Sea)are to exercise rights under the Montreux Convention that governs the Turkish straits, high seas navigational freedoms in the Black Sea, and, on occasion, the right of innocent passage through the territorial sea of countries bordering the Black Sea.
  17. what was the purpose of the freedom of navigation operations?
    to exercise rights under the Montreux Convention that governs the Turkish straits, high seas navigational freedoms in the Black Sea, and, on occasion, the right of innocent passage through the territorial sea of countries bordering the Black Sea.

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