hlth quiz 5

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alyspins
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78331
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hlth quiz 5
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2011-04-08 16:15:24
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medical terms diseases Respiratory system
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respiratory system
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  1. 1. The lymphoid tissues located behind the nasal cavity are called:
    tonsils "small mass or almond"
  2. 2. Both food and air travel through the:
    mouth and pharynx or throat
  3. 3. The double-sac membrane that covers each lung and lines the thoracic cavity is the:
    pleura
  4. 4. The surgical term for the puncture of the chest cavity in order to aspirate fluid is called:
    thoracocentesis
  5. 5. The medical term 'hypoxemia' means:
    deficient oxygen in the blood
  6. 6. The area in the lungs where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged is called the:
    alveolus or cavity (alveolar sacs)
  7. 7. Pulmonary Endo/scop/y is best used to _____________ diseases of the Respiratory System.
    view and diagnose
  8. 8. The term Ortho/dont/ist literally means:
    straight/teeth/specialist
  9. 9. The term Eu/pnea actually means:
    well, easy, true, normal, or good breathing
  10. 10. The term Dys/phasia means difficult or faulty:
    speech or utterance
  11. 11. The term Trache/os/tom/y actually means:
    creation of an artificial mouth-like opening in the throat and neck
  12. 12. The suffix ___________ is added to word part Pneumono-/________ to refer to the surgical procedure of puncturing the lung and aspirating fluids like blood, pus, & lymph. This procedure promotes easy breathing and cell oxygenation.
    -centesis
  13. 13. The diagnostic term for pus in the pleural space in the chest is:
    pyo/thorax
  14. 14. The diagnostic term for narrowing or contraction of the larynx or voice box is:
    laryngospasm or laryngo/stenosis
  15. 15. A patient with diagnosis of blood in the chest has a:
    hemo/thorax
  16. 16. The condition where the bronchi of the lungs are dilated outward is:
    bronchi/ect/asis
  17. 17. When lung tissue swells as a result of distention and loss of elasticity in the alveoli, the condition is called:
    emphysema "puffed up"
  18. 18. The diagnostic abbreviation for an infection of the nose, pharynx, larynx, and trachea is:
    upper respiratory infection "URI"
  19. 19. The diagnostic term that is also referred to as whooping cough is:
    per/tussis "through/cough"
  20. 20. The diagnostic term for a chronic respiratory disease characterized by paroxysms of coughing, wheezing, panting with shortness of breath is:
    asthma "to pant"
  21. 21. Pigeon Breeders Chest is different from Pigeon Chest in that the first condition is inherited or caused by Rickets (lack of Vitamin A and D), but the latter condition is caused by a(n) ______________ etiologic agent.
    fungal
  22. 22. A term that refers to food inhalation that blocks the airway:
    aspiration "process of/without/breath"
  23. 23. The term that means difficulty in speaking or making a sound is:
    dys/phasic or dys/phonic
  24. 24. Lobar Pneumonia refers to a lung infection in:
    one or more of the 5 lobes in the 2 lungs
  25. 25. The medical term Hypo/pnea actually means:
    deficient rate and depth of breathing
  26. 26. The medical term that means containing both mucus and pus is:
    muco/purulent
  27. 27. The medical term Nebuliz/er is defined as:
    a device "one who" creates a fine spray or mist
  28. 28. The medical term Chord/itis or Cord/itis actually means:
    inflammation of the vocal cords
  29. 29. The medical term Emphysema literally means:
    puffed up
  30. 30. The medical term Asthma literally means:
    panting
  31. 31. Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is an inherited exocrine gland disorder that causes thick secretions of ________________ to accumulation in the lungs.
    mucus and pus from respiratory infections
  32. 32. The medical term Dipther/ia literally means:
    membrane/refers
  33. 33. The medical term Pertussis actually refers to:
    whooping cough and the bacteria Bordetella pertussis
  34. 34. The disease of Histoplasmosis or Darlings Disease is a _______________ infection caused by Histoplasma acapsulatum. Bird or cat feces is the source and the disease is characterized by fever, malaise, coughing, respiratory failure, and lymph/adeno/path/y. A major problem for pregnant women & her child.
    fungus or fungus spore
  35. 35. Tuberculosis (worlds leading killer) is caused by a bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis and causes bacteria colony swellings (tubers) in the lungs and other body parts. TB infects approximately ___________ People.
    2 Billion of the worlds 6 Billion
  36. 36. The Schick Skin Test is used to detect _______________, which is caused by the bacteria Corynebacterium diphtheriae.
    Diphtheria
  37. 37. The Mantoux Skin Test is used to diagnose: Tuberculosis "Mycobacterium tuberculosis rod-shaped bacteria"
  38. 38. Anthrax infections (Bacillus anthracis bacteria) are classified as infecting the:
    all of the above
  39. 39. Bronchitis often progresses to a more severe lung condition called _____________________, which was the leading world killer around 1900 A.D.
    Pneumonia
  40. 40. The Etiologic Agent (E.A.) or causative agent that is responsible for Anthrax is:
    Bacillus anthracis
  41. 41. An Upper Respiratory Infection is referred to with the Abbreviation:
    URI
  42. 42. Spiro/metry means to measure the breath and is used to evaluate:
    Lung Capacity
  43. 43. The term Dys/lexia literally means difficult or faulty:
    words "reading and writing"
  44. 44. The term Dys/phonia actually means difficult or faulty:
    sound or voice "hoarseness"
  45. 45. The disease of Crypto/cocc/o/sis is a _______________that can infect the lungs, skin, brain (CNS), bones, and urinary tract causing death.
    yeast-like budding fungus "no spores"
  46. 46. The disease of Aspergill/osis (to sprinkle/condition) is a soil or dust fungus that causes granular lesion on or in any body organ. Prognosis is poor like most systemic fungal infections. It is treated with:
    fungi/cidal drugs
  47. 47. The condition referred to as ________ is an acute viral infection that is usually seen in infants before 3 years of age (Y/O: years old). It occurs after an URI and causes vocal cord swelling, voice loss, hypoxia, & possible choking:
    Croup
  48. 48. Pneumonia can be caused by:
    all of the above
  49. 49. Emphysema causes shortness of breath and a(n):
    Barreled Chest Look "Advanced Stages"
  50. 50. Influenza (Flu) (to influence) viruses are highly contagious airborne droplets that infect the respiratory tract for 2 to 7 (10) days. It is caused by a myxo/virus (mucus/poison). It usually kills over 20,000 people in this country each year. Symptoms include sore throat, cough, fever, muscular pains, and weakness. The incubation period is brief from ____ to ____ days.
    1 to 3 days
  51. 51. Kerat/o/sis, Leuk/o/plakia, Tartar, Caries, Purpura, Fibr/oma, Ulcers, Hare Lip, Gingiv/itis, Tonsill/itis, Adenoid/itis, Squamous Cell Carcin/oma, Catarrh (Coryza), Cleft Palate, Thrush, and Candid/i/asis are all conditions that are usually diagnosed with a(n) ______ exam by a Dentist or Medical Doctor.
    oral or oro/pharyngeal

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