352 Bugs & Drugs

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Author:
jgiantess
ID:
78368
Filename:
352 Bugs & Drugs
Updated:
2014-09-10 01:03:27
Tags:
therapeutics
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Description:
review for april 2011 final exam
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  1. penicillin
    • strep
    • enterococcus
    • anaerobes (except for b. frag)
  2. ampicillin
    • strep
    • enterococcus
    • easy gm-
    • anaerobes (except for b. frag)
  3. amoxicillin
    • strep
    • enterococcus
    • easy gm-
    • anaerobes (except for b. frag)
  4. cloxacillin
    • strep
    • staph (DOC)
  5. piperacillin
    • strep
    • easy gm-
    • hard gm- (including pseudomonas)
    • anaerobes
  6. pip/tazo (or ticar/clav)
    • strep
    • staph
    • easy gm-
    • hard gm- (including pseudo)
    • anaerobes
  7. 1st gen cephalosporins (cefazolin, cephalexin)
    • strep
    • staph
    • easy gm-
    • ***NO CEPHS COVER ENTEROCOCCUS
  8. 2nd gen cephalosporins (cefuroxime)
    • strep
    • staph
    • easy gm-
    • anaerobes (except for b. frag)
  9. 3rd gen cephalosporins (cefixime, ceftriaxone, ceftazadime)
    • easy gm-
    • hard gm-
    • pseudomonas by ceftazadime
    • anaerobes
  10. 4th gen cephalosporins (cefipime)
    • easy gm-
    • hard gm-
    • pseudomonas by cefipime
    • anaerobes
  11. carbapenems (IV only)
    • strep
    • staph
    • easy gm-
    • hard gm- (including pseudomonas)
    • anaerobes (all)
  12. erythromycin
    • strep
    • staph
  13. clarithromycin
    • strep
    • staph
    • easy gm- (H.influenzae ONLY)
  14. azithromycin
    • strep
    • staph
    • easy gm- (H.influenzae ONLY)
  15. respiratory fluoroquinolones (moxifloxacin, levofloxacin)
    • strep
    • easy gm-
    • hard gm- (NOT pseudomonas)
  16. ciprofloxacin
    • easy gm-
    • hard gm-
    • pseudomonas
  17. AMG (gentamicin, amikacin, tobramycin)
    • staph (synergy w/ B-lactam)
    • MRSA (synergy w/ B-lactam)
    • enterococcus (synergy w/ B-lactam)
    • easy gm-
    • hard gm-
    • pseudomonas
  18. clindamycin
    • strep
    • staph
    • anaerobes
  19. tetracyclines
    • strep
    • staph
    • easy gm-
    • anaerobes (not b.frag)
  20. vancomycin
    • strep
    • staph
    • MRSA (DOC)
    • enterococcus
    • (only anaerobe = C. difficile in GIT)
  21. TMP/SMX
    • strep (but not A)
    • staph
    • easy gm-
  22. metronidazole
    anaerobes
  23. linezolid
    • strep
    • staph
    • MRSA (VRSA)
    • enterococcus (VRE)
  24. chloramphenicol
    • strep
    • easy gm-
    • hard gm- (NOT pseudomonas)
    • anaerobes

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