Card Set Information
NURS 3320 Test 4
The liver is located in the ____ quadrant.
The gallbladder is located in the ____ quadrant.
The duodenum is located in the _____ quadrant.
The head of the Pancreas is located in the ____ quadrant.
The right kidney is located in the ______ quadrant
The cecum is located in the ____ quadrant.
The Appendix is located in the ____ quadrant.
The Stomach is located in the _____ quadrant.
The Spleen is located in the ____ quadrant.
The Body of Pancreas is located in the ____ quadrant.
The Sigmoid Colon is located in the ____ quadrant.
Visceral abdominal pain
From an internal organ
Dull, general, poorly localized pain
Parietal abdominal Pain
Inflammation of overlying peritoneum
Sharp, precisely localized pain that's aggravated by movement
Referred abdominal Pain
Occurs from a disorder in another site
Gray stools occur with _____
Red blood in stools occurs with ____ or ____
Localized bleeding around the anus
Causes of Peptic Ulcer Disease
Bluish periumbilical color
Occurs with intraabdominal bleeding
Which conditions are associated with the presence of ascites?
What would someone's abdomen look like with ascites?
Bulging flanks when supine
Taut, glistening skin, recent weight gain, and increase in abdominal girth
What other condition can cause fluid wave and shifting dullness?
Large ovarian cyst
How can you differentiate between an ovarian cyst and ascites?
On palpation an ovarian cyst transmits aortic pulsation while ascites does not
When can adults develop an umbilical hernia?
Chronic intrathoracic pressure (ex. asthma, chronic bronchitis)
What things can cause someone to have hypoactive bowel sounds?
Inflammation as seen with peritonitis
Paralytic ileus as following abdominal surgery
Late bowel obstruction
What things can cause someone to have hyperactive bowel sounds?
Early mechanical bowel obstruction (high pitched)
Subsiding paralytic ileus
What can cause a liver peritoneal friction rub?
What can cause a spleen peritoneal friction rub?
An enlarged and nontender liver occurs with what 4 things?
Portal obstruction or cirrhosis
High obstruction of inferior vena cava
An enlarged and tender liver is indicative of what three things?
Early heart failure
An enlarged and nodular liver is indicative of what three things?
Late portal cirrhosis