Abdomen Flashcards

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Author:
ml3923
ID:
78369
Filename:
Abdomen Flashcards
Updated:
2011-04-08 22:19:15
Tags:
abdomen assessment
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Description:
NURS 3320 Test 4
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  1. The liver is located in the ____ quadrant.
    RUQ
  2. The gallbladder is located in the ____ quadrant.
    RUQ
  3. The duodenum is located in the _____ quadrant.
    RUQ
  4. The head of the Pancreas is located in the ____ quadrant.
    RUQ
  5. The right kidney is located in the ______ quadrant
    RUQ
  6. The cecum is located in the ____ quadrant.
    RLQ
  7. The Appendix is located in the ____ quadrant.
    RLQ
  8. The Stomach is located in the _____ quadrant.
    LUQ
  9. The Spleen is located in the ____ quadrant.
    LUQ
  10. The Body of Pancreas is located in the ____ quadrant.
    LUQ
  11. The Sigmoid Colon is located in the ____ quadrant.
    LLQ
  12. Visceral abdominal pain
    • From an internal organ
    • Dull, general, poorly localized pain
  13. Parietal abdominal Pain
    • Inflammation of overlying peritoneum
    • Sharp, precisely localized pain that's aggravated by movement
  14. Referred abdominal Pain
    Occurs from a disorder in another site
  15. Gray stools occur with _____
    Hepatitis
  16. Red blood in stools occurs with ____ or ____
    • GI bleeding
    • Localized bleeding around the anus
  17. Causes of Peptic Ulcer Disease
    • NSAIDs
    • Alcohol
    • Smoking
    • Helicobacter pylori infection
  18. Cullen's Sign
    • Bluish periumbilical color
    • Occurs with intraabdominal bleeding
  19. Which conditions are associated with the presence of ascites?
    • Heart failure
    • Cirrhosis
    • Hepatitis
    • Pancreatitis
    • Cancer
  20. What would someone's abdomen look like with ascites?
    • Single Curve
    • Everted umbilicus
    • Bulging flanks when supine
    • Taut, glistening skin, recent weight gain, and increase in abdominal girth
  21. What other condition can cause fluid wave and shifting dullness?
    Large ovarian cyst
  22. How can you differentiate between an ovarian cyst and ascites?
    On palpation an ovarian cyst transmits aortic pulsation while ascites does not
  23. When can adults develop an umbilical hernia?
    • Pregnancy
    • Chronic ascites
    • Chronic intrathoracic pressure (ex. asthma, chronic bronchitis)
  24. What things can cause someone to have hypoactive bowel sounds?
    • Inflammation as seen with peritonitis
    • Paralytic ileus as following abdominal surgery
    • Late bowel obstruction
    • Pneumonia
  25. What things can cause someone to have hyperactive bowel sounds?
    • Early mechanical bowel obstruction (high pitched)
    • Gastroenteritis
    • Brisk diarrhea
    • Laxative use
    • Subsiding paralytic ileus
  26. What can cause a liver peritoneal friction rub?
    • Abscess
    • Metastatic tumor
  27. What can cause a spleen peritoneal friction rub?
    • Abscess
    • Infection
    • Tumor
  28. An enlarged and nontender liver occurs with what 4 things?
    • Fatty infiltration
    • Portal obstruction or cirrhosis
    • High obstruction of inferior vena cava
    • Lymphocytic leukemia
  29. An enlarged and tender liver is indicative of what three things?
    • Early heart failure
    • Acute hepatitis
    • Hepatic abscess
  30. An enlarged and nodular liver is indicative of what three things?
    • Late portal cirrhosis
    • Metastatic cancer
    • Tertiary syphilis

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