PSY/250 Final Exam

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PSY/250 Final Exam
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PSY/250 Final Exam
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  1. According to Sigmund Freud, the part of the psyche that stops a person from stealing is the

    A. ego
    B. id
    C. collective unconscious
    D. superego
    D. superego
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Thinking that someone is angry at you when in reality you are angry at yourself is called

    A. repression
    B. regression
    C. projection
    D. reaction formation
    C. projection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Marty frequently becomes angry at his wife. The real object of his anger is hos mother. This defer mechanism is called

    A. repression
    B. reaction formation
    C. projection
    D. displacement
    D. displacement
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. A three-year-old child who has been toilet trained starts wetting the bed after the birth of a sibling. This child is using the defense mechanism of

    A. projection
    B. repression
    C. displacement
    D. regression
    D. regression
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Mrs. Smith exhibits strong feelings of love towards her child, although unconsciously she is very angry at the child. She is displaying the defense mechanism of

    A. displacement
    B. reaction formation
    C. repression
    D. projection
    B. reaction formation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Carl Jung's term for the part of the psyche similar to Freud's "unconscious" is
    A. superego
    B. personal unconscious
    C. id
    D. collective unconscious
    B. personal unconscious
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Rewards and punishments are associated with

    A. behavioral psychology
    B. psychoanalysis
    C. trait theory
    D. humanistic psychology
    A. behavorial psychology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Abraham Maslow deliberately tried to establish an alternative to psychoanalysis and behavorism called

    A. humanistic psychology
    B. neo-Freudian approaches
    C. cognitive psychology
    D. trait theory
    A. humanistic psychology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following does not describe the self-actualizing individual?

    A. self-centered
    B. spontaneous
    C. values privacy
    D. sense of humor
    A. self-centered
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. _____ can be described as people who are thoughtful, passive, and quiet.

    A. self-actualized individuals
    B. extraverts
    C. archetypes
    D. introverts
    D. introverts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. According to Sigmund Freud, human personality includes all of the following except

    A. collective unconscious
    B. superego
    C. ego
    D. id
    A. collective uncoscious
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Freud was the first modern psychologist to suggest that

    A. every personality has a large unconscious component
    B. radical behaviorism works
    C. the proper subject matter of psychology is observable behavior
    d. all of the above
    d.
    A. every personality has a large unconscious component
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The methods by which th eego unconsciously protects itself against unplesant circumstances are called

    A. reaction formations
    B. defense mechanisms
    C. contingencies of reinforcements
    D. projections
    B. defense mechanisms
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. According to Carl Rogers, every person has which two parts?

    A. the person and self
    B. self-image and archetypes
    C. unconscious and self
    D. personal construct and collective unconscious
    A. the person and self
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. B.F. Skinner's approach to personality is based on

    A. humanism
    B. psychoanalysis
    C. cognitive theory
    D. behaviorism
    D. behaviorism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Who of the following defined a self-actualized person?

    A. Erik Erikson
    B. Abraham Maslow
    C. Carl Jung
    D. Alfred Adler
    B. Abraham Maslow
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Carl Jung calls themes that reappear in myths and folklore

    A. archetypes
    B. regressions
    C. collective unconscious
    D. personal unconscious
    A. archetypes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following is NOT part of Raymond Cattell's personality theory?

    A. source traits
    B. personal construct
    C. surface traits
    D. factor analysis
    B. personal construct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following is a term used by Carl Rogers?

    a. fully functioning
    b. unconditional positive regard
    c. conditions of worth
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  20. Which of the following is NOT associated with Hans Eysenck?

    A. extraversion
    B. introversion
    C. psychoticism
    D. conditions of worth
    D. conditions of worth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Pushing painful thoughts and memories into the unconscious and "forgetting" them is termed ____________.
    repression
  22. Behaviors that charactize individuals are called ___________.
    traits
  23. The personal construct theory was developed by ______________.
    George Kelly
  24. Albert Bandura refers to our views of ability to succeed as ______________.
    self-efficacy
  25. The part of the personality that is in touch with reality is called the _______.
    ego
  26. Skinner called the occurance of a reward or punishment following a particular behavior ____________ of reinforcement.
    contingencies
  27. Humanistic psychology is founded on the belief that people strive for __________.
    self-actualization
  28. George Kelly referred to our mental representations of people, events, and concepts as _____________.
    personal constructs
  29. Albert Bandura contended that personality is acquired, in part, by ________ learning
    observational
  30. Psychologists who adhere to __________ theory hold that the proper subject matter psychology is observable behavior.
    behaviorist
  31. Sigmund Freud believed that __________ motivates and the feelings people experience during their childhoods have a tremendous impact on adult personality and behavior
    unconscious
  32. According to Freud, ___________ consist primarily of erotic and pleasure seeking urge
    life instincts
  33. To some extent, all people use _________ for their psychological well-being.
    defense mechanisms
  34. The refusal to accept the reality of something that makes you anxious is a sign of ___________
    denial
  35. Alfred Adler believed that the pattern one uses early in life to overcome inadequacies becomes or her _________
    lifestyle
  36. The success of behaviroism for many people is limited because our ________ are very complex.
    reinforcers
  37. According to Albert Bandura's social cognitive theory, a person's personality is shaped among three forces: cognitive-personal factors, behaviors, and __________ factors
    environmental
  38. According to ___________ approaches to personality, life as a conscious experience and we choose how to spend our lives
    humanistic
  39. George Kelly's ____________ theory explains that our psychological processes are affected by the way we anticipate events.
    personal contruct
  40. observational learning

    A. Carl Jung
    B. B.F. Skinner
    C. Albert Bandura
    D. Abraham Maslow
    C. Albert Bandura
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. self-actualization

    A. Albert Bandura
    B. Abraham Maslow
    C. Alfred Adler
    D. B.F. Skinner
    B. Abraham Maslow
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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