Key Responses

Card Set Information

Author:
zantoz
ID:
78538
Filename:
Key Responses
Updated:
2011-04-13 21:24:13
Tags:
Phlebotomy
Folders:

Description:
TERMS & Abbreviations
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user zantoz on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. NEEDLE GAUGE
    Gauge = Diameter: Smaller gauge = fatter needle
  2. STERILE
    Without contamination by microorganisms - As in, a sterile surgical field
  3. WAIVED TESTS
    Lowest level of lab tests according to the clinical lab improvement amendment
  4. CLOTTING FACTORS
    13 Major and many minor proteins in the blood that help a patient clot (help the coagulation occur)
  5. HEMOLYSIS
    The "lysis" or bursting of RBC, Which causes serum or place to look clear red or pink. Ruins potassium tests.
  6. CENTRIFUGE
    An instrument that spins blood samples to seperate cells from liquid
  7. IODINE
    An antiseptic sometimes used in drawing blood cultures
  8. SEPTICEMIA
    Infection in the blood
  9. BACTEREMIA
    Bacteria in the blood
  10. GLUCOSURIA
    Glucose in the urine: "Uria" at the end of a word means "in urine"
  11. ANEMIA
    Literally means "without blood" But refers to a condition when RBC aren't able to deliver enough oxygen to the tissue
  12. HEMATOCRIT
    A calculation of the % RBC per whole volume of blood, usually per 100ml
  13. BASILIC
    A vessel of the forearm sometimes used for venipuncture
  14. DIABETES
    Diabetes Mellitus is a disease in which sugars can't be broken down due to insulin problems
  15. ANTIBODY
    A substance that can be made in the blood in response to exposure to an antigen
  16. PATIENTS "BILL OF RIGHTS"
    An extension of the american hospital associations pledge to protect patients when under medical care
  17. FASTING
    Not eating or drinking
  18. MALPRACTICE
    Intentional wrongdoing
  19. VENULE
    The name of the smallest veins
  20. HEMOGLOBIN
    The chemical inside RBCs that carries oxygen to tissue
  21. Time Dependent
    A test that is time dependent must be drawn at specified times, i.e. after a drug is administered or at certain times of the day, etc as results will very overtime
  22. Natremia (Hypo/Hyper)
    Ex : NA=Sodium and EMIA = in the blood
  23. Median Cubital
    The vein most commonly accessed in the adult arm o venipuncture
  24. Vaccination
    An injection that provides protection from infrction with microorganisms
  25. Evacuated drawing tubes
    Vacutainers or blood collection tubes
  26. Tourniquet
    A stretchy band that is tied on the arm of a pt before blood collection by veniuncture to allow blood to pool in the veins of the arm
  27. Electrolytes
    The cations and anions that are found in the blood: K+, Na+, CO2, CI-, and more
  28. Hemoturia
    the presence of blood in urine
  29. Palpate
    to tap with light pressure i.e good for locating a vein
  30. Disinfectant
    a chemical that can be used on a sureface to kill or remove pathgenics(disease causing) organisms
  31. Hemostasis
    Blood stoppage
  32. Inflammation
    collection of WBC that forms redness or oosing, usaully indiacting infecton
  33. Infection
    Collection of microorganisms that cause disease
  34. Human chorionic gonadotropin
    Hormone produced by the placenta during pregnancy and found in both urine an blood
  35. Potassium & kalemia (Hypo/Hyper)
    Kalemia = Potassium in blood
  36. Capillary
    The smallest vessels that connect the arterioles to the venous system
  37. Arteriole
    The smallest artery
  38. Antibiotic
    medicine that can be used to fight infection with bacteria
  39. Coagulation
    A phase in the blood clotting sequence in which factoers are released and interact to form clot
  40. Artery
    A vessel that moves blood away from the heart
  41. Aseptic
    Litererally means without sepses or withou infection
  42. Bilirubin
    A normal by-product of RBC aging that can cause problems if abnormally hgh. when collected it should be covered from light.
  43. Vein
    A vessel that moves blood to the heart
  44. Negligence
    A legal term referrring to the failure to act or perform duties according to the standard of the profession
  45. Differential smear
    A drop of whole blood that is spread along a glass slide to produce a field of cells that is one cell thick, so that the cells can be observed and vounted after staining
  46. Jugular
    Prominent vein in the neck
  47. Microorganism
    Any living organism that are microscopic in size . Bact, fung, parasites are some
  48. Nosocomial infection
    a infection that a pt aquires while in the hospital setting
  49. Diastolic pressure
    the second or resting blood pressure reading
  50. Blood culture
    A method for growing an infectious microorganism found in the pt blood, to determine its identity
  51. ABY screen
    antibody screen ( a blood bank test)
  52. Anat or Clin Path
    Anatomic or Clinical Pathology
  53. APTT
    Activated partial thromboplastin time
  54. BILI, Dir and Total
    Bilirubin direct and total
  55. BMT
    Bon Marrow Transplant
  56. CAP
    College of American Pathology
  57. CI-
    Chloride (ionic)
  58. CLIA
    Clinical laboratory improvement amendment -
  59. dL
    Deciliter = 100ml or 0.1 liter
  60. EDTA
    Ethylenediamine Tetra-acetic Acid
  61. EMLA
    Eutecic mixture of local anesthetics
  62. FFP
    Fresh Frozen Plasma
  63. FUO
    Fever of Unknown Origin
  64. G force
    Gravitational force
  65. GLUC
    Glucose
  66. GTT
    Glucose tolerannce test
  67. HbG or HB
    Hemoglobin = carries oxygen in the red blod cells

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview