Congenital Anomalies

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Author:
nakomarose
ID:
78628
Filename:
Congenital Anomalies
Updated:
2011-04-10 16:15:38
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Life Osce
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Description:
Congenital Anomalies
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  1. Occipitalization:
    Description: Fusion of the _____ & ______. Sometimes called _____ ______. In young children is ______.
    In older children/adults is _______.
    • *atlas
    • *occiput
    • *most cephalic
    • *asymptomatic
    • *symptomatic
  2. Platybasia:
    Flattening of the _____ and/or _____. Determined by ______ called _____. Normal range = _____. Some consider this aka "_____ _____". Over _____ indicates _______.
    • *sphenoid
    • *occiput
    • *lines of mensuration
    • *Martin's basilar angle
    • *123-152o
    • *basilar impression
    • *152
    • *platybasia
  3. Spinia Bifida Occulta
    Small opening due to _____. Clinical significance? _____
    • *failure of fusion of lamina
    • *no
  4. Spina Bifida Vera
    Small/Large defect (choose one)
    Why do we care? ______
    This may allow ________
    Thought to be caused by ______ in __ trimester
    • *Large
    • *We care b/c there is no protection of the spinal cord
    • *protrusion of the meninges and/or spinal cord
    • *deficiency of folic acid
    • *1st trimester
  5. Posterior Spondyloschisis
    ________ of posterior arch of _______.
    Sometimes referred to as "______"
    • *Posterior cleft
    • *C1
    • *non-union of posterior arch
  6. Blocked Vertebra
    _______________ joint together
    2 types _______ and ________
    • *2 or more segments
    • *Congenital
    • *Acquired
  7. Transition Vertebra
    Where the segments have ______ of another area
    MC area: ______
    Sometimes referred to as "_____" and "_____"
    • *charateristics
    • *Lumbosacral
    • *sacralization
    • *lumbarization
  8. Schmorl's Nodes
    ____ herniates thru _____
    Triad of Features
    1. usually occurs on the ______/______portion
    2. Increased ____ _______ width
    3. Disc space = ______
    Differentiate with ________
    • *nucleus pulpulsus
    • *vertebral endplate
    • *anterior
    • *Superior
    • *A-P
    • *body
    • *decrease
    • *Nuclear impression
  9. Cervical Rib
    A separate piece of ____ that articulates with ____ and is present in ___% of the population.
    Differentiate with _________ and rudimentary ____ rib
    • *bone
    • *the TP of cervical vertebrae
    • *0.5
    • *elongated TP
    • *1st thoracic
  10. Posterior Ponticus
    _____ of _____ portion of _____ ligament
    Forms an "_____"
    Seen in ____% of the population
    ______ tests may help to eliminate ____ in an adjustment
    • *calcification
    • *Oblique
    • *atlanto-occipital
    • *arcuate foramen
    • *14
    • *Vascular
    • *Possible vascular accidents
  11. Butterfly Vertebra
    Segment takes on the appearance of _____ portions on the _____ view
    • *seperate triangular
    • *A-P
  12. Limbus Bone
    ____ and ____ of _____ through the _____ center of ____. Results in ______
    Differentiate with _______
    • *Migration
    • *Herniation
    • *Nuclear material
    • *secondary growth
    • *the vertebral body
    • *non-union of secondary growth center
    • *Avulsion fracture
  13. Knife Clasp
    ____ of the first sacral segment with an enlarged ____ of the ______ lumbar.
    Extremely painful
    • *spina bifida
    • *SP
    • *last
  14. Hemivertebra
    ____ deformity of the _____
    3 types
    1. ____
    2. ____
    3. ____
    Causes ______
    • *triangular
    • *vertebral body
    • *Lateral
    • *dorsal
    • *ventral
    • *structural scoliosis

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