unit 2- skin, hair, nails

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ski4me18
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78667
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unit 2- skin, hair, nails
Updated:
2011-04-10 18:25:53
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skin hair nails
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unit 2- skin, hair, nails
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  1. Pallor
    describe it and give its indication
    • loss of color
    • anemia or lack of blood flow
  2. cyanosis
    describe it and give its indication
    • bluish
    • hypoxia or impaired venous return
  3. jaundice
    describe it and give its indication
    • yellow/oragne skin, sclera, and mucous membranes
    • liver dysfunction, RBC destruction
  4. Erythmea
    describe it and give its indication
    • redness
    • inflammation
  5. what is edema? how would you assess for it?
    • presence of fluid in the tissues causing swollen, tight, and shiny skin surfaces
    • swelling should be assessed for discoloration, location and tenderness
  6. how do you assess for pitting edema?
    describe its 4 point scale.
    • compress the skin for at elast 5 sec over a bony prominenece
    • 1+: degree: 2mm-trace: rapid
    • 2+: 4mm-mild: 10 to 15 sec
    • 3+: 6mm-moderate: 1 to 2 mins
    • 4+: 8mm-severe: 2 to 5 mins
  7. Describe and give me an example of a macule.
    • nonpalpable, skin color change, <1 cm
    • freckle
  8. Describe and give me an example of a papule.
    • palpable, circumscribed, <0.5 cm
    • elevated nevi
  9. Describe and give me an example of nodule/tumor.
    • palpable, circumscribed, 0.5 cm or >
    • wart
  10. Describe and give me an example of a vesicle.
    • serous fluid-filled, <1cm
    • blister
  11. Describe and give me an example of a pustule.
    • pus filled
    • acne
  12. Describe and give me an example of a wheal.
    • palpable, irregular borders, edematous
    • mosquito bite
  13. list all the primary lesions you can think of
    • macule
    • papule
    • nodule/tumor
    • vesicle
    • pustule
    • wheal
  14. list all the secondary lesions you can think of
    • erosion
    • crust
    • scale
    • fissure
    • ulcer
  15. define a primary lesion
    arise from healthy skin tissue
  16. define a secondary lesion
    result from a change in a primary lession
  17. describe erosion and give me an example
    • lost epidermis, moist surface, no bleeding
    • ruptured vesicle
  18. describe crust and give me an example
    • dried blood, serum, or pus
    • scab
  19. describe scale and give me an example
    • flakes of skin that exfoliate
    • dandruff or psoriasis
  20. descirbe fissure and give me an example
    • linear crack
    • tinea pedis
  21. describe ulcer and give me an example
    • loss of epidermis and dermis w/ possible bleeding and scarring
    • venous stasis ulcer
  22. list some common skin lesions found in children
    • diaper dermatitis
    • intertrigo
    • impetigo
    • atopic dermatitis (eczema)
  23. list some common skin lessions found in adults
    • primary contact dermatitis
    • tinea pedis (ringworm of the foot)
    • psoriasis
    • labial herpes simplex (cold sores)
  24. list some common skin lessions found in older adults
    • lentigines (liver spots)
    • seborrheic keratosis
    • acrochordons (skin tags)
    • sabaceous hyperplasia
  25. define a vascular lesion
    created w/ aging changes or when damage occurs to the blood vessels in or near the skin
  26. list as many vascular lesions as you can think of
    • spider angioma
    • cherry angioma
    • spider vein
    • petechia/purpura
    • ecchymosis
    • hematoma
  27. Describe a spider angioma
    red center w/ radiating legs that are red, up to 2 cm, and can be raised
  28. describe cherry angioma
    red, 1-3cm, round, and can be raised
  29. describe a spider vein
    bluish, spider-shaped or may be linear, with up to several inches in size
  30. describe petechia/purpura
    deep reddish purple, flat, petechia= 1-3 mm, purpura >3mm
  31. describe ecchymosis
    puple fading to green or yellow over time, variable in size and flat
  32. describe hematoma
    raised ecchymosis
  33. a client presents to the clinic wanting a lesion on his neck evaluated. List the assessments that should be documented about hte lesion
    • location
    • size
    • shpae
    • color
    • consistency
    • presence of fluid/drainage
    • elevation
    • tenderness
  34. which of the following lesion characteristics indicates the need for further assessment?
    A. round shape w/ distinct borders
    B. light brown in color
    C. nonpalpable
    D. bleeds easily
    D. bleeds easily
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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