what MET is it when a person can dress, eat or use toilet. walk indoors around the hous, complete light housework and wak a block on level ground at 2 to 3 mph
> or eaqual to 1 MET
what MET is it when a person can climb a flight of stairs, walk up a hill. walk on level ground at 4 mph. run a short distance. complete heavy housework and participate in moderate recreational activitie?
> or equal to 4 METs
what MET is it when a person can participate in strenuous sprts
> or equal to 10 METs
what is the mechanism of diuretics?
cause body to eliminate excess fluids and sodium through urination
what drugs cause the body to eliminate excess fluids and sodium through urination
what drugs end in olols
what is the mechanism of beta blockers?
decrease the heart rate and output of blood from the heart by blocking beta-sympathetic stimulation in the heart?
what drug decreases the heart rate and output of blood from the heart by blocking beta-sympathetic stimulation in the heart?
what drugs end in prils?
what drug expands blood vessles (vasodilation) and decreases resistance to blood flow?
what is the mechanism of ACE inhibitors?
expand blood vessles (vasodilation) and decrease resistance to blood flow
what is the mechanism of calcium channel blockers?
interrupt the movement of calcium into the cells of the heart and blood vessels to produce vasodilation
what drugs end in pines
calcium channel blockers
what drug interrupts the movemnt of calcium into the cells of the heart and blood vessels to produce vasodilation
calcium channel blockers
what drug inhibits vasoconstriction by blocking angiotensin binding, resulting in vasodilation
what is the mechanism of angiotensin receptor blockers
inhibt vasoconstriction by blocking angiotensin binding, resulting in vasodilation
what drug prevents sympathetic innervation to alpah-receptors, therby blocking vasoconstriction and tachycardia
what is the mechanism of alpha blockers?
prevent sympathetic innervation to alpha receptors thereby blocking vasoconstriction and tachycardia
what is the prototype for thiazide diuretics?
what are the three main types of diuretics?
what is the mechanism of action for hydrochlorothiazide?
interfere with sodium reabsorption in the distal tubule of the kidney and promote diuresis
what is the most common adverse reaction with hydrochlorothiazide?
what is the dental drug interaction with hydrochlorothiazide?
COX inhibitor analgesics-reduce the antihypertensive effect of agent
what is the most common loop diuretic?
what is the mechanism of action of furosemide?
inhibit reabsorption of sodium and promote diuresis (loop diuretic)
what is an adverse effect of furosemide?
what is a dental drug interaction with furosemide?
what are two examples of potassium sparing diuretics?
spironolactone and triamterene
what is the mechanism of action of potassium sparing diuretics (spironolactone and triamterene)
interfere with the potassium/sodium exchange in the collecting tubules and collecting duct to conserve potassium that is reabsorbed at the expense of sodium in the exchange system
a potassium sparing and thiazide combination therapy is common. what are the drugs used in combination?
Triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide
what are thre three types of beta blocking agents?
nonselective beta blockers
selective agents that block B1 more than B2
agents that block both alpha and beta
what type of beta blocker has an increased risk of hypertension if a vasoconstrictor is used?
what are the side effects of beta blockers? 5
what are the drug interactions with beta blockers?