3급 문법.2 Learned

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3급 문법.2 Learned
2011-05-09 10:11:23
3급 Grammar

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  1. V-(으)ㄹ 생각도 못 하다
    I don't think I can do V
  2. 하도 A/V-아/어서
    • Because of so (such) A/V, ...
    • When speaking (하도 - very much, extremely)
  3. V-(으)ㄹ까 말까 하다
    Thinking of doing or not doing V
  4. V-(으)ㄹ 걸 (그랬다)
    I should have done V
  5. N 때만 되면
    V-(으)ㄹ 때만 되면
    Whenever N/V happens...
  6. V-(으)ㄹ 생각 [계획, 예정]이다
    Think (plan) to do V
  7. A/V-았/었을 때
    When A/V happened
  8. N끼리
    N among themselves, only, group
  9. N이/가 넘두록 [되도록, 지나도록]
    N time has passed (almost, time passed)
  10. N이/가 넘다
    V-(으)ㄴ 지(가) N이/가 넘다
    • N has passed (time, age, etc)
    • N time passed since V
  11. A-다는 말 [얘기, 소식, 소문]을 듣다
    V-ㄴ/는다는 말을 듣다
    A/V-(으)ㄹ 거라는 말[얘기, 소식, 소문]을 듣다
    To have heard A/V (conversation, news, rumor)
  12. N에 자신이 있다 [없다]
    V-는 데(에) 자신이 있다[없다]
    To have self-confidence
  13. V-게 하다
    To make someone do V
  14. 이[그, 저] 럴 수(가) 있어(요)?
    • Really? Seriously? Is that possible?
    • (Spoken, primarily women)
  15. A/V-다는 게말이 돼(요)?
    N(이)라는 게 말이 돼(요)?
    • Is such thing possible?
    • (Rhetorical)
  16. A/V-았/었어야 하는데 [했는데]
    I should have done A/V
  17. A/V-잖아(요)
    • Well, duh...; That's because A/V...
    • Ending for an answer that is obvious
  18. V-던 N
    • 1. N that I used to V (reminiscense)
    • 2. N that I was V (but not finished)
  19. 어쩔 수(가) 없다
    Can not be helped
  20. A/V-기는 틀렸다
    A/V (action/state) is wrong
  21. N을/를 풀다
    To solve (problem)
  22. N을/를 내다
    To give, present (problem)
  23. 혹시
    • Polite interjection.
    • 1. by any chance, possibly, maybe (with question)
    • 2. if (혹시 돈 있으면 주세요)
  24. A/V-(으)ㄹ 걸(요)
    A/V-았/었을 걸(요)
    Probably, maybe, possibly will be A/V
  25. A/V-(으)면 A/V-(으)ㄹ수록
    the more A/V/N, the more ...
  26. A/V-기는 하지만 [하겠지만, 했지만]
    A/V-기는 A/V-지만
    • Even though, however but
    • (To emphasize contradition in same topic)
  27. N-씩
  28. 돌아가며 [돌아가면서]
    To take turns
  29. N은/는 왜요?
    Why N?
  30. 몇 N [누구, 어디, 무엇]
    • Few (Someone, somewhere, something)
    • i.e. I have to do something
    • (non-specific, not important, secret)
  31. 어디에 [무엇에] 쓰다
    Where (for what) use
  32. V-지 그래요?
    • How about V (suggestion)?
    • Why don't you V?
  33. 그래도
    But, however, even though, still
  34. N이/가 (N보다) 낫다
    V-는 게 [것이] V-는 것보다 낫다
    • Preferece of one thing over the other, to be better
    • (preference, opition, choice)
  35. 사진이 나오다
    Picture comeout, turn out (print, be ready)
  36. V-(으)ㄹ 뻔하다
    V almost happened (bad thing)
  37. 툭하면
    Always, often (negative result)
  38. 고장이다
    고강(이) 나다
    To break down
  39. N을/를 켜다
    N을/를 끄다
    N을/를 돌리다
    N을/를 틀다
    • Turn On
    • Turn Off
    • Turn/Change (dial)
    • Turn On (twist)
  40. V-았/었다가
    • After doing V
    • 1. Do opposite
    • 2. Something unexpected happened
  41. A/V-았/었는데도
    Even though, despite the fact
  42. 무슨 소리예요?
    • What?!
    • (Expression)
  43. V-기 위해(서)
    N을/를 위해(서)
    • In order to...
    • Because of (for the sake of)
  44. 할 수 없다
    • It's OK that you can't.
    • That's OK.
    • (Expression)
  45. N(이)라고[냐고] 그랬다
    V-다고[느냐고, (으)라고, 자고] 그랬다
    A-다고[(으)냐고] 그랬다
    Quotation (when speaking)
  46. A/V-더니
    • 1. As result of A/V; and so...
    • 2. A/V, but now... (opposite of prior)
  47. 그것 보세요
    You see! I told you so!
  48. N 같은 N
    Same as
  49. 손(을) 보다
    Put hands to, fix, give attention
  50. N1(이)라는 N2
    N2 that is called N1
  51. 한두 [두세, 서너] N
    1-2 [2-3, 3-4] N
  52. V-았/었던 N
    • N that was V
    • (was done once or only few times in the past)
  53. 1. N을/를 사귀다
    2. N와/과 사귀다
    • 1. To get to know someone, to meet
    • 2. To date
  54. 1. V-아/어 오다
    2. 다 V-아/어 가다
    • 1. To have been doing V (past to present)
    • 2. To be almost done
  55. V-(으)려면 (아직) 멀었다
    It will be a (really long time) while before V
  56. A-아/어하다
    Third person's feeling description
  57. 내가 듣기 [보기, 생각하기, 알기]에(는)
    As I heard [saw, think, know]
  58. 게다가
    • Besides, more so
    • (= 더군아)
  59. 눈이 높다
    To be picky, high standards
  60. A/V-다고 하던데요
    N(이)라고 하던데요
    • Repeating a quote (second hand info) and expect reaction
    • (i.e. Why do you ask?)
  61. (N에게) 야단(을) 맞다 [치다]
    to be scolded (to scold)
  62. V1-자 V2
    • V2 is a reaction to V1
    • As a result of V1, V2 happened
  63. A/V-(으)ㄹ까 봐(서)
    • It looks like it will A/V, so...
    • (Reason to worry, concern)
  64. 얼마나 A/V-(으)ㄴ/는데(요)
    Really, very, so much
  65. V-(으)라는 대로
    • Because of V,
    • Do per V instruction, order
  66. V-는 중이다
    N 중이다
    to be in the middle of V
  67. 기(가) 막히다
    • To be dumbfounded
    • To be at a loss for words
  68. 만약 [만일](에) A/V-ㄴ/는다면
    만약 [만일](에) N(이)라면
    • Hypothetical
    • If (future event) A/V happened...
  69. N이/가 생기다
    Happen, occur (suddenly)
  70. V-지(요), 뭐
    • Something that is not a big deal.
    • "I guess that's fine..."
    • "Just do whatever V"
  71. 그만 V
    • That's enough of V
    • Stop doing V
  72. V-고 말다
    To end up V (bad result)
  73. N(으)로부터
    From N (source)
  74. 웬 N
    • Some (unknown, unspecified) N
    • What's the matter? / What's the deal?
  75. A/V-다니 (요)
    • A/V is unbelievable
    • Surprise, disbelief
    • Are you telling me...
    • What do you mean N?
  76. A/V-(으)ㄴ/는 척하다
    Pretend (fake) to be A/V
  77. V-지 못해(요)?
    • Scolding, outrage command
    • "Why don't you V"
  78. N 모르게 [몰래] V
    • To do V
    • secretly from N
  79. 소리(를) 지르다
    To shriek, cry out
  80. N에 관한 N
    N에 관해(서) V
    About N (topic)
  81. V-고자
    V-고자 하다
    • For purpose of V
    • In order to V
    • (= (으)려고 하다)
  82. N1은/는 물론(이고) N2도
    Of course N1, but also N2 (N1 is easier)
  83. N, N 등
    N, N, etc.
  84. V-거나 아니면
    • Either V or ...
    • Not only V, but...
  85. V-도록
    • In order to V
    • (can be used with different actors)
  86. 최선을 다하다
    To do one's best
  87. V-는 길에
    • On the way (i.e. stop by) / while V
    • (with 가다, 오다, 다니다)
  88. V-(으)ㄹ 만하다
    V-(으)ㄹ 만한 N
    • V is worth doing
    • N that is worth V
  89. N이/가 V-아/어지다
    Passive Voice
  90. A/V-(으)ㄹ 뿐(만) 아나라
    N뿐(만) 아니라
    Not only A/V/N, but also...
  91. N에도 불구하고
    A/V-(으)ㄴ/는데도 불구하고
    • Despite N
    • In spite of N
  92. N에 비해(서)
    Comparing to N
  93. V-았/었더니
    A/V-다고 [냐고, 자고, 라고] 했더니 A/V-다고 [냐고, 자고, 라고] 했어요
    • 1. Because of V, followed by other's reaction
    • 2. Realization that follows action V
    • 3. Personal cause and effect (condition/feeling)
  94. N이/가 일어나다
    Occur, happen, start
  95. N을/를 기념하다
    To commemorate N
  96. A/V-(으)ㄴ/는지 안[못] A/V-(으)ㄴ/는지
    N-인지 아닌지
    Whether or not A/V/N
  97. V-고 보니
    • Upon doing V
    • Do V, then realize that
  98. 생각이 들다
    Realize, occurance of thought
  99. N 출신이다
    N is origin
  100. V-아/어도 V-아/어 도
    Keep doing V
  101. N뿐이다
    V-(으)ㄹ 뿐이다
    V-(으)ㄹ 뿐
    N is the only...
  102. N에(게) 반하다
    To fall in love with N
  103. N-답다
    Like, having N-characteristics
  104. N은/는 그만두고
    • Instead of N
    • Stop doing N and (do something else)
  105. 역시
    As expected
  106. N은/는 N(으)로 유명하다
    N은/는 A/V-기로 유명하다
    To be famous for...
  107. N아/야
    Name (half talk)
  108. N이/가 반짝이다
    N sparkles
  109. A-고 A-(으)ㄴ N
    Emphasis on A (characteristic of N)
  110. N을/를 비비다
    To rub (hands, eyes)
  111. 울긋불긋하다
    Various colors, colorful
  112. N이/가 그립다
    To miss, long for N
  113. 옛 N
    Old (memories) N