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Period of history when philosophers and reformers challenged the prison tradition with new ideas about the individual is called
First penitentiaries occurred in
New York & Pennsylvania
Isolation at night and then work with prisoners during the day
Congregate system (NY)
Which model makes greater use of incarceration,mandatory sentences, and strict supervision of probationers and parolees?
Central idea of a community corrections approached is to?
Reintegrate them into community
Jails are administered by who?
Primary functions of jails are?
Short term detain
1,4,8,14 Amendment and corrections;
- 1st freedom of expression
- 4th amendment taken away(search and seize)
- 8th Cruel and unusual punishment; ask if they want to work.
- 14th All people treated fail
Due process must be followed when decisions are made about discipline of an inmate. Case law?
Wolf v Mcdonnell
Prisoners are entitled to protection of the civil rights act of 1871 according to what case law?
Cooper v Pate
Community corrections seek to keep...?
Offenders in the community
Offender return to criminal behavior after convicting is called?
The conditional release of the offender into the community under supervision of the correction officials is called?
Conditions of release
World's first probation officer was?
If a probationer fails to abide by rules and condtions of probation, this is called a?
Examples of technical violations
- Violating curfew
- failing drug test
- using alcohol
3 types of intermediate sanctions that can be administered by a judge are?
Repayment by an offender to a victim who has suffered some form of finacial loss is
Probationer is ordered to report to a community correction center each day to comply with condition of sentence, is called?
Condition of probation
model of corrections that emphasizes matntaining offenders' ties to family and community is?
Model of incarceration that emphasizes security and discipline and order is?
Correction officers rely on ___ and ___ to gain cooperation.
Rewards and punishment
Correction officers also tolerate what?
Minor rule infractons
three jobs of correctional officers;
counsel, supervise, and protect
Officer uses a level of force reasonale to protect themselves is considered?
process of assigning an inmate to a category is?
Conditional release of an inmate from incarceration under supervision after prison sentence has been served
parole rests on three concepts;
Who developed parole?
Release of inmate from prison to conditional supervision at discretion of parole board is
inmate has served total sentence minus credit for good time and are released to parole for remainder is?
When a suspect is sentenced to probation supervision in community, this is called?
Lawa and rules that must be followed by parolees are called
conditions of release
Release of inmate with out any further correctional supervision is called?
Temporary release of inmate from a correctional institution for visit home is called
Facilities for parolees to spend a portion of their day at work and place to reside in custody at night are called
two roles played by parole officer?
Cop and Social Worker
3 problems with adjusting to life outside prison
- public housing
- voting rights
- receipt of student loans
Action of executive branch excluding offense & absolving offender from consequences of crime. (Done by the President)
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