Exam 2 Pedi

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Author:
yessicanacho
ID:
78878
Filename:
Exam 2 Pedi
Updated:
2011-04-11 14:59:25
Tags:
Resp
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Description:
Respiratory
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  1. Pediatric Differences
    • - Faster respiratory rate
    • - Limited alveolar surface for gas exchange
    • - Large anatomical dead space
    • - Smaller Airways
    • - Shorter airways
    • - Underdeveloped muscles
    • - Mucous production
    • - Obligatory nose breathers
    • - Large tonsils
    • - Irregular pattern
  2. Respiratory Distress and Red Flags
    • Poor muscle tone
    • Cyanosis
    • Bradycardia
    • Apnea
    • Change in LOC
  3. Asthma/RAD
    • Chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways
    • Spasms of smooth muscle decrease airway/diameter
    • Inflammation and edema of membranes
  4. Controller Medications
    • Used daily to acheive & maintain control
    • Long acting Beta 2 agonists 11
    • Should never be used by themselves
    • Combination-> provided optimum treatment
    • Leukotriene modifiers
    • Oral systemic corticosteroids
    • Anti-inflammatory agents
  5. Quick Relief Meds
    • Not referred to as rescue meds anymore
    • Short-acting B2-agonist
    • IV Corticosteroids
    • Systemic anticholinergics
  6. URI's
    • Acute otitis media (AOM)
    • Nasopharyngitits (common cold)
    • Tonsillitis/pharyngitis
    • Croup syndromes
  7. Acute Otitis Media
    Infection or inflammation of inner ear
  8. Pharyngitis/Tonsilitis
    • Can occur separately or concurrently
    • Nasal sounding voice
    • Fever
    • Sore throat
    • Enlarged tonsils
    • Difficulty swallowing
    • Mouth breathing/odor
    • Headache
    • Swollen lymph nodes
    • Cough
    • Concurrent infections

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