Soc Mid-term ch 5

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dezzi
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78889
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Soc Mid-term ch 5
Updated:
2011-04-11 15:39:45
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chapter
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test #2
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  1. Social Group
    two or more people who identify with and interact with one another
  2. Primary Group (social group)
    a small social group whose members share personal and lasting relationships
  3. Secondary Group (social group)
    a large and impersonal social group whose members pursue a specific goal or activity
  4. Instrumental Leadership (leadership roles)
    group leadership that focuses on the completion of tasks
  5. Expressive Leadership (leadership roles)
    group leadership that gocuses on the group's well-being
  6. Authoritarian leadership (leadership styles)
    focuses on instrumental concerns, takes personal charge of decision making, and demands that group members obey orders
  7. Democratic Leadership (leadership styles)
    more expressive, making a point of including everyone in the decision-making process.
  8. Laissez-faire Leadership (leadership styles)
    allows the group to funtion more or less on its own (laissez-faire in french means "leave it alone")
  9. Dyad (group size)
    a social group with two members
  10. Triad (group size)
    a social group with three members
  11. In-Group
    a social group toward which a member feels respect and loyalty
  12. Out-Group
    a social group toward which a person feels a sense of competition or opposition
  13. Reference Group
    a social group that serves as a point of reference in making evaluations and decisions
  14. Formal Organizations
    large secondary groups organized to achieve their goals efficiently.
  15. Utilitarian Organizations (types of formal organization)
    one that pays people for their efforts
  16. Normative Organizations (types of formal organization)
    voluntary associations not for income
  17. Coercive Organizations (types of formal organization)
    people are forced to join these organizations as a form of punishment or treatment
  18. Bureaucracy
    an organizational model rationally designed to perform tasks efficiently
  19. Buteaucratic Ritualism (problems of bureaucracy)
    a focus on rules and regulations to the point of undermining an organizations goals
  20. Bureaucratic Inertia (problems of bureaucracy)
    the tendency of bureaucratic organizations to perpetuate themselves.
  21. Oligarchy (problems of bureaucracy)
    • the rule of the many by the few
    • "according to what Michels called "iron law of oligarchy," the pyramid shape of bureaucracy places a few leaders in charge of the resources of the entire organization"
  22. Scientists
  23. Simmel
  24. Cooley
  25. Asch
  26. Milgram
    Electrical shock; group think
  27. Weber
  28. Michels

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