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In general what role by the Federal government was envisioned in Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal program?
During the Great Depression people constructed makeshift settlements that came to be called:
What were the results of the Presidential and
Congressional elections of 1932
- Roosevelt won presidential election and
- democrats won large majorities in both houses
President Franklin Roosevelt’s closest adviser
(kept in the White House after stomach surgery) was:
Right after taking office in 1933 President Franklin D. Roosevelt stated, “The only thing we have to fear is:
The 3 aims of the New Deal were relief, recovery, and:
President Franklin Roosevelt wanted to build up
big ____ and big agriculture as checks upon big business
What were the major goals of the Second New
- security of livelihood, security against
- unemployment, old age, illness, and dependency, slum clearance and better
List the work relief agencies during the New
- Civilian conservation corps, federal emergency
- relief administration, public works administration, civil works administration,
- works projects administration, national youth admin., and social security system
What was the bank holiday? (2)What was the first “hundred days” of the New Deal. (3)List 2 reform laws.
- Roosevelt declared the bank holiday for 4 days to call
- congress into special session to draft a bill about the banking problem.
- Time congress
- was in special session
Emergency banking act, glass-steagall banking act
What work relief agency was abolished after 4
months because of the useless jobs that were created?
Civil works admin
The Agricultural Adjustment Administration tried
to encourage farmers to
Adjust supply to demand by reducing the production of certain staples such as wheat, cotton, corn, tobacco, beef, and hogs.
The Blue Eagle, “We do our part,” and codes of
fair competition – all are associated mainly with
National recovery admin
What agency during the New Deal was established to construct dams and power plants to generate electricity, control flooding, and produce synthetic nitrates and phosphate fertilizer?
Tennessee valley authority
During the Second New Deal, Roosevelt is less concerned than he was during 1st New Deal about
Balanced budget and cooperating with business
List the main actions of Congress during the
Second New Deal.
farmers paid, social security, farms, well run camps
The “Kingfish,” “Share the Wealth,” and U.S.
Senator from Louisiana
– all are identified with whom?
huey p. long
The Second Agricultural
Adjustment Act (1938) provided “parity prices” for farmers which meant that if farmers limited production of certain farm products such as corn, cotton, tobacco, rice and corn, then….
Government would pay the difference if the price fell below parity
During the New Deal Days of President F.D. Roosevelt,
what kind of tax laws were passed by Congress
Income, estate, gift taxes, profits tax on corporate income
What were the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards
Act of 1938
- min. wage of 25 cents an hour to be raised to 40
- cents, max work week of 44 hrs. with time and a half for overtime, forbade labor by children under 16
Who proposed the “Court Packing”; Why? Results?
FDR, any federal judge passed 70 without retiring, the president should be able to appoint an additional judge to share his work, wanted to alter court; congress didn’t pass but FDR won in the long run
List the reform legislation of the New Deal Days.
banking and stock exchange, public utility regulation, labor, and the security of individuals.
In what years was Franklin Roosevelt elected
1932, 1936, 1940
During the New Deal what did Congress do to
protect bank deposits?
President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s “bombshell
message” was related to:
- America’s determination to follow its own course
- in dealing with financial stability
Roosevelt’s “bombshell message” informed the London World Economic Conference thatthe U.S.would:
Follow its own course
The Nye Committee report helped to persuade Congress to pass neutrality laws in the 1930s because it concluded that:
- US entered WWI because of pressures exerted by
- American financiers and manufacturers of armaments
List the provisions of the Neutrality Law of
- Went into effect only when the president proclaimed the existence of hostilities between 2 or more foreign nations or civil war within a nation, extended existing provisions regarding arms and credits, forbade American citizens from traveling on ships of any belligerent
- nation, “cash and carry”
How did the U.S. depart from the policy of isolationism
in the 1930s?
Recognition of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Adolph Hitler was the dictator of ________,
built up the __________ Party, & remilitarize the_________.
The United States began abandoning its
isolationist tendencies when Congress passed a military bill called
Neutrality act of 1939
The slow abandonment of isolationism by the U.S.
after F.D. Roosevelt became president is seen in what naval incident
Kurt von Schushnigg was the Chancellor of ______
which Hitler seized in 1938.
What area of Czechoslovakia did Hitler get as a
result of the Munich Conference of 1938
What is the name of the building, the number of
the room and the name of the professor in History 202
Martin hall, room 111, Billy Hinson
Great Britain and France were finally convinced that Hitler could only be stopped by war after Germany did what
- Made a non-aggression pact with joseph Stalin
- which shocked the western world invaded Poland
After war started in Europe President Roosevelt
got Congress to pass a draft act. Why
was it a historical step?
it lifted the arms embargo and placed all trade with belligerants on a cash and carry basis. it continued the provisions of other neutrality laws.
With what leader did Hitler sign a
Non-Aggression Pact in 1939?
President Roosevelt got Congress to pass the
Lend Lease Act in 1941 mainly to enable the United States to:
- Lend defense materials and war equipment to
- foreign nations whose defense he deemed vital to the defense of the US
Great Britain, France, and the United States were shocked when Hitler in 1939 signed a Non-Aggression Pact with:
Joseph Stalin was the dictator of what country?
The U.S. sent Lend-Lease supplies not only to Britain but also to
Roosevelt got Congress to allow the arming of merchant vessels very
soon after the Germans:
war occurred the president was willing to have normal relations with Japan if they
- invaded Poland
- pull out of china
President Roosevelt started barring
all vital military supplies to Japan
right after Japan
The Japanese attacked Pearl
Harbor on what month, date, and year?
dec. 7 1941
On the home front what problems occurred related
to labor supply and consumer goods? What
was the cost of war?
- Employers hired people the ordinarily wouldn’t,
- goods became scare, 330 billion
When the Japanese attacked Pearl
Harbor they also attacked what other areas?
- Philippines, Hong Kong, Wake Island, Midway
- Island, Siam, Malaya
How many men and women served in the armed
services during World War II?
Name the main men and places associated with the
development of the first atomic bomb
- Albert Einstein, university of Chicago, dr. j.
- Robert Oppenheimer, los Alamos near santa fe, new Mexico, Alamogordo, new Mexico
During World War II the War Manpower Commission
prohibited workers in defense industries from doing what?
- from leaving their jobs without approval of the
- US employment service
Some consumer goods were rationed during World
War II in order to
Some people could afford them
What nation in 1942 sent 2
small groups of saboteurs to the U.S. to attack bridges, railroads,
People from the country of ____ were put in
internment camps in seven western states during World War II.
The terrible riot that occurred in Detroit
in June 1943 with 43 lives lost was a result of
President F.D. Roosevelt
established the Fair Employment Practices Commission largely as a result of a
threatened march on Washington
The new role of women in the work force during
World War II is captured in the image of:
“Rosie the riveter”
Zoot suits, braceros,
riot in 1943 – all are related to an influx into the U.S of laborers from
The statement “Never in the field of human
conflict was so much owed by so many to so few” is related to:
Hitler’s air attack on Britain
Who replaced Neville
Chamberlain as Britain’s
prime minister and stated that he had nothing to offer the British but “blood, toil, tears, and
Why was Hitler’s invasion of the Soviet Union a failure
- Delayed invasion because of Balkan campaigns,
- winter came early
During World War II the escape of an
Anglo-French force of over 300,000 from a German force is called
miracle of dunkirk
Who was commander of Operation Torch, the Allied
invasion of North Africa?
Dwight d. Eisenhower
Allied troops directed by General Eisenhower
invading north Africa were successful against troops of what nations
Germany and Italy
The ______ campaign was
significant because it opened the Mediterranean Sea
to Allied shipping, diverted German divisions from the
French and Russian fronts, and provided air bases for attacks on southern
When Allied troops invaded Italy they
mainly fought against what nation’s troops?
German and British
Sword, Juno, Gold, Omaha,
and Utah were
names given to beaches in
What area was chosen for the Allies to invade
with a cross-channel attack on D-Day, June 6, 1944?
Germany’s last big offensive was ended in January, 1945, in
the Ardennes Forest in what was called the:
Battle of the bulge
One of the greatest military
engagements in history occurred in the Battle
of __________ where German troops
advancing into Russia
were finally stopped in February, 1943.
List the places seized by Japan during World
- Guam, wake island, Bataan, Corregidor, Hong Kong,
- Malay peninsula, Singapore, Bali, Timor, Attu, Kiska
area did Japan invade in
order to cut off a road over which lend-lease supplies reached China?
The Battle of ________ was the first naval battle
in history in which surface ships neither saw nor exchanged
fire with one another
What battle (June 1942)
marked a turning point in the war because the strategic initiative lay with
Battle of midway
The capture of _________ put Americans only 350
miles from Japan.
McArthur was successful in
cutting off ________ the most important Japanese air and naval base in the southwest Pacific
The second atomic bomb was dropped on the city
President Harry Truman decide to drop the atomic bomb on Japanese cities?
- To save American lives and to end the war as
- soon as possible
The Cold War refers to
the situation in which tensions are high with the possibility that:
- Some disputer could lead to an actual shooting
For what reasons did the U.S. distrust the Soviet
Union before World War II?
- Communist revolution in Russia, soviet debts,
- recognition of Soviet Union, soviet actions in the 1930s.
From what country did the Soviet
Union refuse to withdraw after promising to do so within 6 months
after World War
II had ended
What is the main reason the Soviet
Union opposed establishment of an Atomic Development Authority?
- Would allow US to get more adequate info about
- the geography of Soviet Union
The tragedy of the
Yalta Conference is that the Soviet Union
Failed to honor her commitments
Curtain" speech warned of Soviet
What were the goals of "Containment?"
- Stop communist expansion, strengthen democracy
- and promote economic well-being in non-communist lands.
The western nations
allowed the creation of the German Federal Republic because they were
convincedmthat the Soviet Union would not allow:
a united Germany
What demand was the Soviet Union making on Turkey in 1946?
- Grant her equal partnership in running the
- Dardanelle and bosporous straits
The Truman Doctrine
was proclaimed in response, in part, to a communist revolution in:
Turkey and Greece
Why did President Truman propose the Marshall
- Truman doctrine did not provide aid for other
What countries were aided by
the Marshall Plan?
How did the Soviet Union provoke the Berlin crisis of 1948-49?
Blockaded all land access routes to West Berlin
The members of ______ which included the U.S.
agreed that an attack on one would be considered an attack on all.
North Atlantic treaty organ
With what nations did the U.S. make
- Canada, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Norway,
- Denmark, Iceland, Britain, Ireland, Italy, Portugal,
advocated that the United
States meet each communist challenge
wherever it occurred
Chiang Kai-shek led his
anti-communist Chinese followers to
Initially, when North
Korea attacked South Korea, the Korean Red army pushed the Allies back
Southeastern part of Pusan
General_______ from his command in Korea because he disobeyed the
MacArthur, United members