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caloric recommendations are based on ____, _____ and ____ level
what are the five food groups listed in the my pyramid?
- meat and beans
how many oz of grains should eat per day?
how many vegetables do you need every day?
2 1/2 cups
how many cups of fruit are you supposed to have a day?
how much milk are you supposed to consume a day?
how many oz of meat and beans are you supposed to get a day?
5 1/2 oz
what means a lifestyle that includes only the light physical activity assocaited with typical day to day life
what means a lifestyle that includes physical activity equivalent to walking more than 3 miles per day at 3 to 4 miles per hour in addition to light physical activity assocaited with typical day to day life
active (HA I guess I am not this I would be considered sedentary or somewhere in between..lazy lazy lazy thats me)
nutrient needs increase with ____ and decrease with increasing ____ and ____ lifestyle
- sedentary lifestyle
the dietary guidelines emphasize _____ ____ and ____ ____. promote a healthier ______. Reduce the risk of ____ ____ more than any previous version
- physical activity
- caloric control
- chronic disease
what is the gateway to he health of the entire body?
the oral cavity
t/f nutritional deficiencies cause periodontal disease
what type of diet encourages biofilm buildup and proliferation of bacteria?
soft sticky diet
what elements are strongly associated with wound healing?
- vitamin B complex
- vitamin C
- dietary calcium
what does the B complex refere to?
all the water soluble vitamins except C (thiamin, riboflavin, nicacin, pyridoxine, cobalamin, biotin, folic acid and pantothenic acid)
what vitamin is needed for collagen formation and intercellular material and healing tissues after procesdures including scaling and root planing
what is necessary for the continuous exchange of calcium between the blood, skeletal bones and other cells?
____% of calcium in the body is in the bones and teeth and ____% is in the body tissues and fluids
what is dietary calcium essential for?
- cell metabolism
- muscle contraction
- nerve impluse transmission
when smokers are low in what dietary vitamin their periodontal disease is more severe
t/f periodontal diseases are not caused by nutritional deficienceis but malnutrition may contribute to teh progression of periodonal disease symptoms
what is the purpose of recommending firm fibrous foods to a pt?
stimulate the tissues and improve circulation (carrots or apples)
t/f chewing firm foods increases salivary flow
what is indicated for adequate wound healing?
soft diet of high quality protein (puddings, scrambled eggs, milkshakes, yogurt and cottage cheese)
what is an essential mineral for dental caries prevention
t/f caries is a result of nutrient deficiency
false-result of excess CARIOGENIC FOODS not nutrient deficiency
what are two examples of acid forming organisms that use fermentable carbohydrates from the diet to produce acid?
- streptococcus mutans
what protects and nourishes the microorganisms?
what type of nutrition assessment is of the patients dietary intake over the previous 24 hours
t/f a food diary is the best way and gives you a great look at the patients overall nutrition
FALSE-only one day, not necessarily representative of a patients normal diet
what type of nutrition analysis is a 3, 5 or 7 day diary and includes one weekend day
dietary analysis recording form
what is the pts dietary analysis recording being evaluated for? 3
- eating patterns
- consumption and frequency of fermentable carbs
- nutritional adequacy
what are some common omissions from the food diary? 9
- garnishes (frosting, whipped cream, butter, salad dressing, oil)
- beverages (quanitity, sweetened, decaffeinated)
- snacks (type brand quanitity)
- chewing gum or mints
- canned furit (packed in water or syrup)
- fruit and vegetables (canned fresh or frozen)
- cereal (brand, type of milk, sugar, quantity)
- potato (backed mased or fried)
- seasoning or sauces (quantity or type)
what are the tree principal parts of the food diary to analyze?
- number of servings in each food group
- frequency of cariogenic foods
- consistency of the diet
t/f you want to empower the pt to get involved in making the suggestions and recommendations for change. put the responsibility for change on the pt
both statements are true
t/f the sucrose from cariogenic food on the tooth surface can be changed to acid in minutes
what is the critical level of pH for demineralziation of enamel?
what is better for your mouth frequent small meals or 3 meals a day spread apart?
3 meals a day spread apart
the quantity of cariogenic food is not as significant as what?
when and how often the tooth is exposed to the foods
what does continuous sipping of sucrose containing beverages do?
does not allow for remineralization to occur, the pH does not rise above the critical level
t/f you saliva will clear away food after you brush and floss at night while you sleep
false-saliva decreases while sleeping
when is it recommended to eat proteins and fats?
at the end of the meal they are not metabolized by bacteria
cheese eatn after sweets or at the end of a meal prevents what?
decrease in pH and production of acids in the oral cavity
what does chewing a gum with xylitol after each meal do?
reduces the levels of streptococcus mutans and promotes remineralization