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What drives change between historical periods?
the economy is one possible
What are the conclusions for our suppositions on the "self?"
- our selves and the selves are fluid and derived through interactions, not fixed
- the interactions that we have are shaped by larger level contexts (histrical, cultural)
- different historical eras produce different types of people
According to Karl Marx, what motivates the force of history? Where at the dominant ideas from?
- class conflict
- dominant ideas are from ruling class
What was Karl Marx's focus?
on struggle & conflict in society due to antagonistic forces
What is the mode of production? Explain.
- unify of productive forces and relations of production
- a specific combination of productive forces (labour power and means or production
- social and technical relations of production
What are the modes of production through out history?
- Primitive communism
- Ancient or slave
What does the advancing of forces of production lead to?
- Creation of surplus, which gives rise to classes since there is a need for someone to control or take advantage of the it.
- Determines the possible relations of prodution
What is dialectial?
- Each mode of production contains within it the seeds of its own destruction
- Contradiction between forces and social relations of production lead to change
What is Capitalism?
a set of social relations (or a mode of production) between those who own the means of production and those who only own their own labor
What is the formula of Capitalism?
- M = money invested to buy raw materials and pay for labor
- C = process to transform materials into commodity
- M+ = money sold/made
- M+C = M(prime)
Why did the state develop?
- Instrument of force & violence
- The state is an instrument of class rule
What is ideological hegemony?
- the way in which relationships of domination and exploitation are embedded in the dominant ideas of society
- by Antonio Gramsci
What is false consciousness?
internalizing the interests of the rulers rather than one's true class interests
What is meant by "Alienation?"
disconnection from the things we produce with our work and the people around us
What is commodity fetishism?
- objects gain primacy over social relations (form of reification)
How are ideological hegemony, false consciousness, and commidity fetishism related?