Lecture 05 - Capitalism.txt

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tinmap
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79025
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Lecture 05 - Capitalism.txt
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2011-04-12 00:21:06
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capitalism
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capitalism from lecture 5
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  1. What drives change between historical periods?
    the economy is one possible
  2. What are the conclusions for our suppositions on the "self?"
    • our selves and the selves are fluid and derived through interactions, not fixed
    • the interactions that we have are shaped by larger level contexts (histrical, cultural)
    • different historical eras produce different types of people
  3. According to Karl Marx, what motivates the force of history? Where at the dominant ideas from?
    • class conflict
    • dominant ideas are from ruling class
  4. What was Karl Marx's focus?
    on struggle & conflict in society due to antagonistic forces
  5. What is the mode of production? Explain.
    • unify of productive forces and relations of production
    • a specific combination of productive forces (labour power and means or production
    • social and technical relations of production
  6. What are the modes of production through out history?
    • Primitive communism
    • Ancient or slave
    • Feudal
    • Capitalist
  7. What does the advancing of forces of production lead to?
    • Creation of surplus, which gives rise to classes since there is a need for someone to control or take advantage of the it.
    • Determines the possible relations of prodution
  8. What is dialectial?
    • Each mode of production contains within it the seeds of its own destruction
    • Contradiction between forces and social relations of production lead to change
  9. What is Capitalism?
    a set of social relations (or a mode of production) between those who own the means of production and those who only own their own labor
  10. What is the formula of Capitalism?
    • M = money invested to buy raw materials and pay for labor
    • C = process to transform materials into commodity
    • M+ = money sold/made
    • M+C = M(prime)
  11. Why did the state develop?
    • Instrument of force & violence
    • The state is an instrument of class rule
  12. What is ideological hegemony?
    • the way in which relationships of domination and exploitation are embedded in the dominant ideas of society
    • by Antonio Gramsci
  13. What is false consciousness?
    internalizing the interests of the rulers rather than one's true class interests
  14. What is meant by "Alienation?"
    disconnection from the things we produce with our work and the people around us
  15. What is commodity fetishism?
    • objects gain primacy over social relations (form of reification)
    • alienation
  16. How are ideological hegemony, false consciousness, and commidity fetishism related?

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