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2011-04-12 01:59:56
ap gov presidents

chapter 14. the executive brancho
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  1. gridlock
    the inability of government to act because of rival parties in control of different parts of the govt
  2. electoral college
    the people chosen to cast each states votes in a presidential election. each state can cast one electoral vote for each senator and rep it has. DC has three
  3. pyramid structure
    a presidents subordinates report to him through a clear chain of command headed by a chief of staff
  4. circular structure
    several presidents assistants report to him directly
  5. ad hoc structure
    several subordinates, cabinet officer, and committees report directly to the pres on different matters
  6. cabinet
    the heads of the fifteen executive branch departments of the federal govt
  7. bully pulpit
    the presidents use of his prestige and visibility to guide the public
  8. veto message
    a message from the pres to congress stating that he will not sign a bill it has passed, it must be produced within ten days of the bills passage
  9. pocket veto
    a bill fails to become law because the pres did not sign it within ten days
  10. line-item veto
    an executives ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by legislature
  11. signing statement
    a presidential document that reveals what the pres thinks of a new law and how it should be inforced
  12. legislative veto
    the authority of congress to block a pres action after it has taken place. the supreme court says congress does not have this power
  13. impeachment
    charges agains a pres approved by a majority of the House
  14. lame duck
    a person still in office after he/she has lost a bid for reelection