Biology Protista test
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Biology Protista test
all about the protista kingdom
What is the General characteristic of all protistas?
they are all eukaryotes
What are three types of protists?
Animal like , plant like, fungus like
What are the characteristics for the animal like protists?
*classified based on movement
-no cell wall
What are the characteristics for the plant like protists?
-classified based on color
-mostly unicellular some multicellular
What are the characteristics for the fungus like protists?
-they can move
What are the life processes for algae?
movement- cilia, flagella, float
respiration-aerobic (o2 in co2 out -cr and co2in o2 out -photo)
Reproduction- sexual (alteration of the generations ) asexual
What are the life processes for protozoans ?
movement- cilia, flagella , pseudopods
nutrition - heterotrophic
respiration- aerobic ( o2 in / co2 out -cr)
reproduction-asexual( mitosis) sexual (conjugation)
What are some harmful and beneficial effects of algae ?
: cause red tides
Beneficial : tooth paste , some cleaners, o2 production, foods, agar
What are some harmful and beneficial effects of protozoans?
: sickness ameoboid dysintary
- african sleeping sickness
What are the characteristics of fungi?
-cell walls made of chitin
*classified based on their method of sexual reproduction
do fungi move
what is a fungus nutrition ?
(saprophytes, mutualistic, or parasitic )
-extracellular digestion with absolption (outside)
What is fungus respiration ?
-cellular respiration (aerobic and anerobic )
What are fungi composed of ?
hyphae the fuse together to form a network of filaments called mycelium
What is Zygomycota ?
Includes bread moldes
Hyphae from two different organisms can meet to form a zygote . This zygote then becomes a zygospore.
have stolons and rhizoids
What is Ascomycota ?
includes yeast , cup fungi , and powdery mildew . These produce ascus that produce spores.
What is Basidiomycota?
The club fungi
includes- mushrooms ,shef fungi , rust , smuts and puffballs
the spores are produced in a club like structure called basidia
- a basidiospore
What is Deuteromycota ?
includes penicillium con only produce asexually .
What is mycophycota ?
-includes linches and mycorrhizae
-both are mutualistic
What are linchens?
fungus and a photosynthetic organism (algae or cynobacteria )
What are mycorrhizae?
-soil fungus that grows into plant roots
What are harmful and beneficial effects of Fungus ?
harmful : cause disease ( athletes foot , ring worm, yeast infection ) destroy food
: eat them / flavor foods
brewing and making bread