unit 2- musculoskeletal

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unit 2- musculoskeletal
2011-04-12 14:22:39

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  1. what is height loss due to?
    thinner intervertebral discs, osteoprosis, kyphosis
  2. Flexion, Extension, Hyperextension, supination, pronation, abduction, adduction, dorsiflexion, plantar flexion, eversion, inversion. these are all used to describe ROM so what do they mena?
    • flexion- decrease the angle
    • extension- extend the anlge
    • hypextension- extreme extension
    • supination- ventral surface facing up
    • pronation- ventral surface facing down
    • abduction- move extremity toward the midline
    • adduction- move extremity toward midline
    • dorsiflexion- movement toward the dorsum
    • plantar- movement toward the plantar surface
    • eversion- turn away from midline
    • inversion- turn toward midline
  3. defn kyphosis and lordosis
    • kyphosis- exaggerated curvature of the thoracic spine
    • lordosis- exaggerated curvature of the lumbar spine
  4. what do joints need to be assessed for?
    • warmth
    • inflammation
    • crepitus
    • deformities
    • tenderness
    • limitations
    • instability
  5. what joints need to be assesed?
    • temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
    • shoulders
    • elbows
    • wrists and hands
    • spine scoliosis
    • hips
    • knees
    • ankles and feet
  6. how do you assess for scoliosis?
    • instruct the client to bend at the waist w/ arms reaching for toes
    • inspect and palpate down the spine using thumb and forefinger
    • inspect and palpate the spine again w/ client standing
    • expected finding: no tenderness w/ spinal bertebrae midline
  7. which of the following are normal aging changes of the musculoskeletal system? (select all)
    wider stance resulting in posture changes
    loss of height
    increased ROM
    increased muscle bulk
    flexion of hips, knees, and elbows
    • wider stance resulting in posture changes
    • loss of height
    • flexion of hips, knees and elbows
  8. assessment of the musculoskeletal system should start with?
    inspection for symmetry and posture
  9. unilateral hypertrophy of the arm muscles is most likely seen in an individual who regularly
    lifts weights
    plays soccer
    moves furniture
    plays tennis
    plays tennis