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what is height loss due to?
thinner intervertebral discs, osteoprosis, kyphosis
Flexion, Extension, Hyperextension, supination, pronation, abduction, adduction, dorsiflexion, plantar flexion, eversion, inversion. these are all used to describe ROM so what do they mena?
- flexion- decrease the angle
- extension- extend the anlge
- hypextension- extreme extension
- supination- ventral surface facing up
- pronation- ventral surface facing down
- abduction- move extremity toward the midline
- adduction- move extremity toward midline
- dorsiflexion- movement toward the dorsum
- plantar- movement toward the plantar surface
- eversion- turn away from midline
- inversion- turn toward midline
defn kyphosis and lordosis
- kyphosis- exaggerated curvature of the thoracic spine
- lordosis- exaggerated curvature of the lumbar spine
what do joints need to be assessed for?
what joints need to be assesed?
- temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
- wrists and hands
- spine scoliosis
- ankles and feet
how do you assess for scoliosis?
- instruct the client to bend at the waist w/ arms reaching for toes
- inspect and palpate down the spine using thumb and forefinger
- inspect and palpate the spine again w/ client standing
- expected finding: no tenderness w/ spinal bertebrae midline
which of the following are normal aging changes of the musculoskeletal system? (select all)
wider stance resulting in posture changes
loss of height
increased muscle bulk
flexion of hips, knees, and elbows
- wider stance resulting in posture changes
- loss of height
- flexion of hips, knees and elbows
assessment of the musculoskeletal system should start with?
inspection for symmetry and posture
unilateral hypertrophy of the arm muscles is most likely seen in an individual who regularly